-------- Original Message --------
Subject: June 2007 Historic Vermont
Date: Mon, 4 Jun 2007 11:14:04 -0400
From: Historic Vermont <[log in to unmask]>
To: Meg Campbell <[log in to unmask]>
An On-line News Journal about the Preservation of Vermonts Historic
Architecture and Landscape
*Published by the Preservation Trust of Vermont, 104 Church Street,
Burlington, VT 05401
/In This Issue..../
*News from the Preservation Trust <#PTV%20News>*
* Preservation Grants Awarded
* Preservation Awards Announced
* 2007 Retreats at the Grand Isle Lake House
* Preservation Conference Success
*Vermont News <#Vt%20News>*
* Vermont Ranks #1 in Per Capita Use of Historic Building Credits
* June 8th: Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation Planning
* June 13th: Quadricentennial Workshop
* July 18^th Conference: Advancing Vermonts Creative Economy
* Downtown Board Awards Over $300,000 For Transportation Projects
* National Register News
*New! For Historic Homeowners* <#Homeowners>
John Leeke's /Historic Homeworks/': Exterior Paint & Clapboards
Inspection Checklist for Historic Buildings
Rehab Do's and Don'ts
*Publications & Resources* <#Publications>
* /Feasibility Assessment Manual for Historic Buildings/ by
* Ten Tips for Managing an Historic Preservation Project
*Education, Training & Employment Opportunities* <#Education>
June 23rd: Stone Wall Repair Workshop at Shelburne Farms,
Seeking Executive Director, Maine Preservation
Seeking State Historic Preservation Officer and Director, New
*Historic Vermont* is available free to subscribers. To subscribe or
unsubscribe, please visit our website
http://www.ptvermont.org/ptv_news.htm. To submit something for
publication, please contact Meg Campbell at [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]>
*NEWS FROM THE PRESERVATION TRUST*
*/Preservation Grants Awarded
/*Since 1994 the Freeman Foundation and the Preservation Trust of
Vermont have had a partnership to support preservation projects.
Over $8.5 million in grants have been awarded to help more than 329
projects in communities throughout the state. These grants have
played a key role in over $109 million in total rehabilitation work.
The last rounds of grants includes:
*Clarendon Grange Community Center, North Clarendon: $25,000*.
This former Otter Creek Grange Building was built as a village
creamery in the mid-19th century. It is listed on the State
Register of Historic Places. In the back, a barn door was
retained when the building was converted to community center as
evidence of where the milk wagons entered the creamery. The
building now houses the Bailey Memorial Library on the first
floor, and a community hall with full kitchen upstairs. The
building is fully accessible and well used for senior lunches
and meetings, dance classes, church services on Sunday, and a
variety of community and private gatherings. The Grange
Community Center Committee manages the property and raises funds
for its upkeep through Town support and rental income. Last year
they completed slate roof repairs and are now raising funds to
repair the barn door, steel fire escape, septic tank, and
drainage and foundation repairs at the front of the building.
This grant will allow them to complete the fire escape, rear
exit, and barn door repairs and begin work on the front foundation.
*St. Paul**'s Episcopal Church, Windsor: $25,000.* The church
was built in 1822, and was designed by noted New England
architect, Alexander Parris. Its style is transitional with
simplicity and balance typical of the Federal style and a
monumental temple front, from the Greek Revival style. The walls
of the church are made of local red brick laid in Flemish bond.
The foundation is fieldstone; the two round columns flanking the
entryway are parged brick sitting on carved stone bases. Over
the past several years this congregation invested approximately
$125,000 in the building to replace the church and rectory roof
and flashing, rebuild chimneys, repair interior plaster (in
progress), and address exterior drainage and wall
reconstruction. This grant will help them address the next phase
of repairs: reparging and painting the columns, woodwork and
flashing repairs on the steeple, gold leaf the dome, porch floor
brick repair, and painting.
*Guild Hall, Guildhall: $10,000. Library and Masonic Hall,
Guildhall: $40,000.* Listed on the National Register of Historic
Places as part of the Guildhall Village Historic District, Guild
Hall and the Library-Masonic Hall are of exceptional historic
and architectural significance. Erected in 1795, Guild Hall is
the oldest building in Northeast Kingdom . It has been used as a
bank, a hat factory and boot shop. The western section of the
building was constructed in 1850 and housed a residence and law
office. In 1921, to commemorate Armistice Day, Col. and Mrs.
E.C. Benton dedicated Guild Hall as a community building and
constructed an addition to connect the two buildings for town
offices and public meeting space. This grant will help the Town
with repairs to the porch, front door, floor joists, and
The Library/Masonic building was designed by the Boston
architectural firm of Gay and Proctor and is an excellent
example of the Colonial Revival style. This building houses the
public library downstairs and Benton Masonic Lodge upstairs, and
was also a gift from Col. E.C. Benton. The seven stained glass
windows depict the various degrees of the lodge. Thankfully, the
rich architectural detail survived the building's vinyl siding.
This grant will remove the vinyl siding, restore the original
clapboard siding, repair the cupola and clock, and help with a
new roof, and conserve stained glass and sash windows.
*Sacred Heart St. Francis de Sales Church, Bennington: $50,000.*
Built in 1890, the rock-faced limestone Sacred Heart St. Francis
de Sales church remains one of the outstanding buildings of West
Main Street just outside the Bennington Downtown Historic
District. One of the tallest buildings in Bennington , the
church can be seen some distance away and is easily recognizable
by its bell tower. Capable of accommodating 400 guests, the
church is often used for concerts, interfaith services, and
presentations to the wider Bennington community. A 2005
consultant report identified major structural problems in the
buttresses of the 96-foot-tall tower, failing mortar and water
infiltration damage in the stone tower and church walls, and
problems with roofing and flashing. The total project costs are
$1.2 million. The church has engaged their congregation and
initiated a very successful capital campaign. To date, they have
raised more than $864,000. A grant of $50,000 will help them
meet their goal for saving this landmark building in Bennington.
*/Preservation Award Winners Announced
/*Eight organizations and individuals were recognized with
Preservation Awards from the Preservation Trust of Vermont. The
awards recognized individuals, organizations and communities that
have played a key role in rehabilitating and preserving historic
places that hold special importance to their communities.
Award winners were honored May 16^th at the 13^th Annual Historic
Preservation Conference held at Union Institute - Vermont College in
Vermont communities are very fortunate to have many dedicated
individuals and organizations that are passionate about saving and
reusing their historic places. These historic sites have much to do
with defining the character of communities and Vermont as a whole,
said Paul Bruhn, the Preservation Trust of Vermonts Executive
Director. And were especially lucky to have such a wonderful
collection of award winners this year.
The Preservation Trust of Vermont supports efforts by nonprofit
organizations and communities to save and use historic places that
help to define the character of Vermont. It is based in Burlington.
The 2007 Award Winners are:
*Brattleboro Area Community Land Trust and Housing Vermont* *for
the rescue and restoration of the Wilder Block*
In December 2004, a night fire ravaged one of the great historic
buildings in downtown Brattleboro. It was a spectacular fire and
though the interior was severely destroyed, no one lost their life.
Within hours the Preservation Trust organized a charette to see
what, if anything, might be done to save and reuse the Wilder
Block. Representatives from the Agency of Commerce and Community
Development, Division for Historic Preservation, nonprofit
housing organizations, members of the for-profit development
community, and the Preservation Trust traveled to Brattleboro.
In the end it was clear that there was only one hope to save the
Wilder Block and put it back into a good use. Understanding that
that they were the only ones do it, the Brattleboro Area
Community Land Trust and Housing Vermont stuck their collective
neck out and pulled off a remarkable transformation.
We are in awe of their willingness to take on such a difficult
challenge. Completed in December 2006, the $2.9 million
rehabilitation of the historic Wilder Block created eight
affordable apartments, office uses, and retail...an amazing
story of courage, financial commitment, passion, and commitment
to quality and detail.
*Revitalizing Waterbury for restoration of the Waterbury
Built in 1875, the Central Vermont Railroad Station served as a
centerpiece for downtown Waterbury in the first half of the
Although still functioning as an Amtrak rail station, the
building underwent a number of changes: removal of the tower,
the baggage building, canopy, and a significant portion of its
architectural detailing, ornamentation and charm. Because of its
deteriorated condition, trees were planted in front of the
building at the Town Green to hide it from view.
In 1997, Revitalizing Waterbury, a local non-profit
organization, started a long community journey to rescue the
With the help of an Agency of Transportation Enhancement Grant,
Historic Preservation Grants, Great American Stations Foundation
grant, local fundraising, a grant from the Green Mountain Coffee
Roasters, and lots of volunteer hours, the station was
beautifully restored and today continues to serve as an Amtrak
station, an inter-modal transportation center, visitors center,
and Café for Green Mountain Coffee Roasters.
Once again it is a proud centerpiece for downtown Waterbury.
*Mount** Holly **Barn Preservation Association*
The Mount Holly Barn Preservation Association was formed as a
non-profit corporation in June 2005. During the past two years,
the Association has:
* Surveyed, photographed and mapped all the historic barns
in Mount Holly;
* Received a grant from the Preservation Trust for expert
evaluation of the condition of the barns;
* Sorted barns by order of need;
* Applied for and received a grant from the Division for
Historic Preservation for work on 5 barns in 2006 and 2
barns in 2007 (that they matched 4:1);
* Organized volunteers, sponsored workshops on cabling, and
educated the communityyoung and oldon the importance
of the Towns historic barns;
* And now is taking their program Statewide.
Were pleased to honor the Association for its enthusiasm,
contagious optimism, and inclusiveness both in reaching out to
the entire Mt. Holly community, but also the State of Vermont.
Receiving the award on behalf of the committee is Annette Lynch.
*Ludlow** Town Hall Restoration Committee
*Built in 1901, the Ludlow Town Hall houses the Town and Village
government and serves as a venue for cultural events, basketball
games, school art exhibits, social and recreational events, and
town meetings. In 2005, a committee of local citizens decided it
was time to bring their aging Town Hall into the 21^st century.
A comprehensive improvement plan was presented to the citizens
who overwhelmingly approved a $750,000 bond that, combined with
grants, transformed the upstairs auditorium into a solid
performance venue with state of the art acoustics.
Historic wood windows were conserved; alligatored paint removed
and finishes restored, historic steam radiators modified to
accommodate hot water, metal fire shutters restored and the
municipal office hallway spruced up. The Restoration Committee
brought new life to this historic Town Hall. The award is being
accepted by Town Manager Frank Heald and Chair of the
Restoration Committee, Ralph Pace.
*Vermont** Humanities Council for the rehabilitation of the 1873
George Scott residence in downtown Montpelier.
*In December 2004 the Vermont Humanities Council purchased the
Italianate style Scott House near downtown Montpelier and
transformed it into their headquarters. The project required the
Council to undertake its first capital campaign, raising
$680,000 for the project.
The VHC board felt strongly that, given the Councils mission,
it was appropriate to commit to preserving an historic building
in the state capitol and to renovating it in a manner that
demonstrated the compatibility of environmental responsibility
and historic preservation. With a $50,000 challenge grant from
Jan and David Blittersdorf for energy efficiency, VHC worked
closely with the Division for Historic Preservation, their
architect, and contractor and tightened the building, installed
a more efficient furnace, including switching from steam to hot
water, installed an air-to-air heat exchange for ventilation,
removed most carpeting, used low VOC paints and finishes,
installed high-efficiency lighting and water saving toilets.
The result is a model house that has reduced energy consumption
through sustainable preservation and a new face for the
Humanities Council with a headquarters adjacent to downtown
*Jim and Lorraine Impey, for their investment of time, money,
and vision in rehabilitating a number of St. Johnsburys
*Scattered in St. Johnsbury are impeccably rehabilitated
buildings that lift up the neighborhood. You may recognize some
* Fairbanks Cottage on Route 2 as you enter St. Johnsbury
from the West;
* several Washington Avenue Apartment Buildings;
* the rehabilitation, adapted reuse, and sensitive addition
on the former St. Johnsbury Fish Hatchery;
* and the recently completed Summer Street School adapted
Jim and Lorraines contribution to their community goes beyond
good historic preservation practice. They quite literally give
back to St. Johnsbury through a charitable foundation that
provides support to non-profit organizations such as Catamount
Arts and the Athenaeum. Their quiet generosity led community
leaders to nominate the Impeys for a 2007 Preservation Award.
*Vermont** Housing and Conservation Board on their 20^th Anniversary
*The Vermont Housing and Conservation Board is one of the most
notable accomplishments in Vermont. Founded in 1987 as an
independent state agency to achieve a unique multi-goal mission
of land conservation, affordable housing, and historic
preservation, VHCB has significantly advanced the realization of
communities and preservation of their unique resources.
In its 20 year history, VHCB has funded 8,463 units of
perpetually affordable housing, conserved 418 farms with 117,081
acres, and protected 248,494 acres of natural area and
The Board prioritizes housing that is located within community
centers and within existing buildings. Examples include the
Wilder Block in Brattleboro, conversion of the YWCA in
Burlington to COTS housing, the Tuttle Building in the heart of
downtown Rutland for affordable housing, and conversion of
Fair Havens Marble House to assisted living housing.
VHCBs central innovation is to reframe housing, conservation
and historic preservation as a complementaryrather than
competitivepublic policy and community goal. VHCB has touched
communitieslarge and small, rural and urbanacross the state.
It has nurtured a network of 58 housing and conservation non
profit organizations across Vermont to develop high quality,
well-leveraged projects that enhance Vermonts unique resources
and advance its social, economic and environmental well being.
*Special Recognition of Senator James Jeffords for his tireless
efforts on behalf of Vermonts Historic Places
*Jim Jeffords served the State of Vermont for 16 years in the
U.S. Senate. During that time, Jim gained a reputation for
supporting the preservation, conservation, and interpretation of
our cultural heritage and natural resources.
He championed national historic preservation agendas, authoring
the National Historic Bridge Preservation Act and the National
Historic Barn Preservation Act. He secured funding to help
restore many of Vermonts historic landmarks, taking particular
interest in community opera houseshe understood the importance
of opera houses and cultural venues to communities large and small.
Senator Jeffords championed stewardship and interpretation of
historic and cultural landscapes through the National Park
service and worked with Senator Leahy to secure funding for the
historic barn and mill complex at Vermonts first National Park:
the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historic Park. He loved
history, and in 1991 convened historians and stakeholders to
begin a study that culminated in the passing of the Champlain
Valley National Heritage Partnership Act in 2006.
The purpose of the Act is to assist the State of Vermont and
New York, including units of local government and
nongovernmental organization in the States, in preserving,
protecting, and interpreting those resources for the benefit of
the people of the United States.
It is with great enthusiasm that today we honor Senator Jeffords
with a 2007 Preservation Award. His dogged determination in
getting the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership Act
passed will leave a legacy of preservation in Vermont.
*/2007 Grand Isle Lake House Retreats /*
The Preservation Trust of Vermont invites you to attend a 2-day
Retreat at the Grand Isle Lake House. Retreats are for groups who
are undertaking historic preservation or community development
projects. Each group is asked to present a ten minute case study
describing their project or situation that frames a problem,
followed by a group discussion.
The whole idea is to bring people together who are working on
similar kinds of initiatives so that they can share experiences and
support. Typically 6-7 groups of 2-4 people attend each retreat.
Dates and areas of focus are:
July 23-24: Focus on Arts and Industrial Heritage Projects
August 27-28: Fundraising and Project Management
September 10-11: Designated Village Centers
September 17-18: Barns
October 15-16: (open)
All inclusive cost is $50/ per person for a shared room, $75 for a
single (first come basis). Space is limited, so reservations should
be made as early as possible to assure accommodation. Deadline is
two weeks before each retreat. For reservations, please send a check
along with the name, address, phone, e-mail, and special need or
diet consideration for each attendee. On the check, indicate Retreat
Reservations should be mailed to Preservation Trust of VT, attn:
retreats, 104 Church St. , Burlington , VT 05401 Check-in at the
Lake House is 2:30. The retreat begins promptly at 3:00 and finishes
by 2:00 the following afternoon.
For questions or more information, please contact a Preservation
Trust staff member:
Ann Cousins 802-434-5014; [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
Doug Porter 802-644-2815; [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
Meg Cambell 802-442-8951; [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]> (Bennington County)
Paul Bruhn 802-658-6647; [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
Elise Seraus 802-658-6647; [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]>
For a preview of the Lake House, please see our web site:
www.ptvermont.org <http://www.ptvermont.org/>. We are grateful to
the Claneil Foundation for helping to underwrite the cost of the
Grand Isle Lake House Retreats!
/*May 16th Preservation Conference in Montpelier
**Our Challenge: Helping to Build Successful Communities
The May 16th annual Historic Preservation Conference, hosted by the
Preservation Trust of Vermont and the Division for Historic
Preservation, drew a crowd of approximately 175 people. Held at the
Chapel on the campus of Union Institute - Vermont College, the day
started with an organ concert by Charles Callahan performing on the
Chapel's 1884 Hutchings pipe organ followed by an official welcome
from Governor Jim Douglas.
Glenn Andres set the stage with a slide lecture that characterized
the specialness of Vermont cities and towns as physical records of
local heroes, ambitions, and ingenuity. He pointed out that Vermont
is achieving international recognition for its distinctive character.
A critical challenge facing Vermont is maintaining our unique
identity against the homogenization that comes with the invasion of
cookie-cutter, mega, chain retailers. Sharon Earhart, from Powell
Wyoming, described how her town started a community-owned, downtown
Mercantile--a model for Vermont communities!
Kennedy Lawson Smith, one of the nation's foremost experts on
commercial district revitalization and development, shared success
stories from independent main street retailers across the country.
Commissioner Bruce Hyde summarized the day by equating the
importance of Vermont's character to its economy. This year
Vermont's Northeast Kingdom was ranked among the world's best
tourism destinations through National Geographic's Ecotoursim
Program. And Vermont downtowns were among three finalists for the
Tourism for Tomorrow awards, competing with Australia's Great
Barrier Reef and Ireland's Greenbox project. The world is
recognizing Vermont's uniqueness. Our challenge is to protect those
qualities that make us special.
Contact the Preservation Trust for a CD and/or DVD of speakers'
presentations. [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
A big thank you to all of our conference sponsors! Please take a
moment to visit this great list of preservation resource people in
*/Found at May 16th Conference at Vermont College/*
A pair of eyeglasses and a baseball cap. If they are yours, please
contact Ann Cousins at [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
or (802) 434-5014. Thank you!
*/Vermont Ranks #1 in Per Capita Use of Historic Building Credits
/*Governor Jim Douglas recently announced that Vermont is first in
the nation in per capita use of federal tax incentives to
rehabilitate and revitalize historic buildings, downtowns and
Speaking at the 13th Annual Historic Preservation Conference in
Montpelier, the Governor said Vermont ranked fifth among the fifty
states in terms of total federal dollars deployed up from 15th
with 45 approved projects worth just under $10 million and first on
a per capita basis.
These projects leverage significant private investment, and
rehabilitation of historic buildings in downtown areas results in
increased economic activity, Governor Douglas said. And of course
it preserves a key part of what makes Vermont special: Our iconic
downtowns and village centers.
Vermont was surpassed only by Missouri, Virginia, Ohio, and North
Carolina, significantly larger states in both land area and population.
The Governor noted that Vermont typically ranks among the top states
nationally, but that last years performance surged in part due to
improvements his administration has made to the states
designated downtown and village center tax credits that better
leveraged federal credits and made the program more accessible to
Vermonts small business owners. To date the state has 22 Designated
Downtowns and 69 Village Centers, with more added monthly.
The federal program returns 20% of eligible expenses for the
rehabilitation of income producing historic buildings listed or
eligible for listing on the National Register in the form of federal
tax credits. Over 10,000 buildings in Vermont are pre-qualified for
tax credits and there is enormous potential for even greater use of
the program in Vermont. The rehabilitation tax credit programs are
administered by Department of Housing and Community Affairs
Division for Historic Preservation, in partnership with local
communities. Additional details and application guidelines are
available at www.HistoricVermont.org <http://www.historicvermont.org/>
*/June 8th: Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation Planning,
/*On Friday, June 8, 2007, the University of Vermont (UVM) will host
a one-day symposium titled: /Transportation and Historic
Preservation: The Road to Affordable Context Sensitive Solutions/.
Sponsors of the conference are UVMs Graduate Program in Historic
Preservation and its National University Transportation Center . Key
note speakers at opening and closing plenary sessions include
Timothy Neuman from CH2M Hill in Chicago ; Luisa Paiewonsky,
Commissioner of the Massachusetts Highway Department; Carol Murray,
former Commissioner of the New Hampshire Department of
Transportation, and UVM Professor Emeritus, Chester Liebs, currently
Fulbright Visiting Professor at the University of Tokyo. Concurrent
morning and afternoon panel sessions will explore a number of
important topics including: Economic Analysis and Cost Comparisons
of CSS; Multidisciplinary Design Teams for CSS; Transportation
Agency Training Programs for CSS; Engaging Stakeholders and
Identifying Community Values; and case studies addressing a variety
of contexts. Co-sponsors include the Vermont Agency of
Transportation, the Massachusetts Highway Department, and the TRB
Committee on Historic and Archeological Preservation in Transportation.
Register on line at www.uvm.edu/conferences/THP
*/June 13th: Quadricentennial Workshop, Colchester
/*Please join the Lake Champlain Basin Program for the Champlain
Quadricentennial Workshop on Wednesday, June 13 at Saint Michaels
College in Colchester, Vermont. The workshops goals include: 1)
provide participants with an overview of the preparations for the
Quadricentennial in Vermont, New York and Quebec; 2) give the
commissions a platform to connect with potential partners (i.e. use
of the VT/NY logos, registering events for 2009, getting people
involved); and 3) host breakout discussions on the Champlain Bridge
Signature Event; programs and events focused on Native American and
Franco-American culture and heritage; lake-wide efforts regarding
arts, culture and pageantry in 2009.
The Days Inn Hotel across the road from Saint Michaels is offering
a special overnight rate for workshop participants. Call
802-655-0900 for more information. Pre-registration for the workshop
is required by _June 5, 2007_. Please RSVP to [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]>.
*/July 18th: Advancing Vermonts Creative Economy, Montpelier
/*On July 18^th the Vermont Council on Rural Development (VCRD) will
host a conference on Advancing Vermonts Creative Economy. The event
will take place from 9:00 am 4:00 pm at the State House in
This conference will bring together local and statewide leaders who
are using cultural development to support strong economic
development. This conference celebrates work already undertaken in
towns across the state. At the same time, it will engage
participants in thinking proactively about the future of Vermonts
creative economy, including specific recommendations for
incorporating the creative economy perspective into strong economic
Discussion topics for the day include: incubating creative new
businesses, developing arts and community facilities, advancing
agricultural innovation, and building a creative economy region.
Bill Schubart, CEO of Resolution, Inc., will be the featured
speaker. A full overview is available online at
http://www.vtrural.org <http://www.vtrural.org/>. * *
VCRD is one of many organizations around the state that have worked
on the creative economy over the past several years. An even greater
number of individual communities have started to look for ways to
strengthen their own creative economy. The creative economy has
broadened our conversation around what makes a strong economy. In
addition to traditional businesses and economic development
organizations, the creative economy draws in artists,
preservationists, heritage organizations, non-profit organizations,
entrepreneurs, educators and many others.
The information shared and policy discussions sparked on July 18^th
should be engaging for both those familiar with the creative economy
and those for whom it is a new concept. Space is limited, so please
submit registrations early. A registration is available online at
http://www.vtrural.org <http://www.vtrural.org/>. Questions can be
sent to [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]> or by calling 828-6003.
*/Downtown Board Awards Over $300,000 For Transportation Projects
/*Five Vermont communities will share more than $300,000 in grants
to improve transportation infrastructure in their downtowns, state
officials announced recently. The Vermont Downtown Development Board
awarded the grants from the Downtown Transportation Fund, which was
created by the legislature in 1998 to support the revitalization
of the states downtowns.
Awards were made to:
* Rutland - $75,000 for new streetlights on Center Street;
* St Johnsbury - $75,000 to support the rehabilitation of the
historic train station as a welcome center;
* St Albans - $66,574 for sidewalk replacement in Taylor Park;
* Middlebury - $70,000 for streetscape improvements;
* Morrisville - $25,000 for new streetlights on Copley Street.
At the same meeting the board renewed the Designated Downtown
status for the communities of Brandon and Vergennes. In order to
obtain or retain downtown designation, a community must demonstrate
a long term commitment to revitalization through planning, capital
improvements, economic development, and preservation of historic
resources. The community must also have an established downtown
organization devoted to managing the revitalization effort - from
setting work priorities to organizing volunteers and raising the
funds necessary to support its work.
As two of the states 22 designated downtowns, these communities are
eligible to apply for a variety of programs to assist revitalization
projects, including the Downtown Transportation Fund, and tax
credits for the rehabilitation of older and historic buildings and
for safety and code compliance.
Finally, the Board also renewed Designated Village Center status
for Barton and Peacham, which are among the 73 village centers
participating in the program. These designations are renewed every 3
More information can be found at the Agency of Commerce and
Community Developments Vermont Downtown Program website,
*/National Register News
/*The National Park Service has recently listed the following
Vermont property on the National Register of Historic Places:
*School Street Duplexes, Bennington
*//The duplex residences at 343-345 and 347-349 School Street in
Bennington are intact examples of working class housing stock
typical of New England mill towns during the 1910s and 1920s.
Nearly identical to each other, the circa 1916 duplexes are
modest in design and materials. The buildings incorporate Queen
Anne style embellishments such as wide front and rear porches,
large one-over-one windows with leaded glass panels, and
decorative interior moldings and paneling that were desirable
features in new homes during these years.
Built as a speculative venture during the economically
prosperous years around the time of the First Great War, the
duplexes provided rental housing for four working class
families. The buildings are within walking distance of the
towns principal textile factories along the Walloomsac River
and directly opposite a locally significant historic industrial
site which includes a grain elevator, saw mill, and coal and
wood yard. The buildings are being rehabbed for affordable
housing using the RITC. **
*Morrisville Historic District (Boundary Increase)
*This nomination increased the boundaries of the original
Morrisville Historic District that was listed on the National
Register in 1983. It was undertaken by the town to compliment
their Designated Downtown program. There are 74 contributing and
37 non-contributing resources in the boundary increase. These
additional resources provide a more complete context for the
historical, commercial, industrial, civic, religious and
residential development of downtown Morrisville. Two historic
bridges are added because they form gateways into the northwest
corner of the original downtown historic district. **
*NEW! FOR HISTORIC HOMEOWNERS*
*/John Leeke's Historic HomeWorks
This is the first installment of a regular question and answer
column on the maintenance and preservation of historic (and just
plain old) buildings by John Leeke, American Preservationeer. As an
historic building specialist, Leeke has been helping owners,
tradespeople, contractors and architects understand and maintain
their historic buildings for 20 years. he has been restoring
historic buildings in New England for over 35 years and still spends
a good part of his time "with hammer in hand". He has written on
restoration and preservation topics for Old-House Journal magazine,
Fine Homebuilding, The Journal of Light Construction and other
national publications. He now writes and publishes the Practical
/*Exterior Paint & Clapboards*/
/I live in an old farmhouse in Vermont . The oldest part of the
house still has it's original clapboards that date to about
1830. The paint was in fairly rough condition here (peeling) as
it gets afternoon direct sun. We had the wall scraped
thoroughly, then primed and painted the wall. Much to my dismay,
the new paint is already peeling rather dramatically on this
wall. Do you have an idea of why this particular wall doesn't
seem to hold paint? Mike in Vermont
/The cause of your peeling paint appears to be heavy paint
buildup, exacerbated by moisture. It looks like your fine old
clapboards are not the cause of the problem. The main source of
moisture is probably rain, seeping into the cracks in the paint
film and at joints between wooden parts. Moisture from inside
the wall or house may also contribute.
The only low-cost solution is spot paint maintenance. For a more
costly long-term solution there are two approaches: complete
paint removal down to bare wood then starting over with
re-painting; or replacement of the woodwork.
/Spot Paint Maintenance Program
/This treatment "goes with the flow" in that the paint is
allowed to peel off, mostly at its own rate. Full coating is not
done since this would further shorten the cycle of coating and
peeling. Appearance will be "variable," but is not usually
consider "shabby". Every three to five years the paint surfaces
are cleaned, loose paint is knocked off and the bare wood in
these spots is primed and painted. There is no attempt to
feather the thick edge of heavy paint buildup since it will do
little to extend the life of the work. Relatively weak
"oil-based" primers and paints are used. Matching the color and
sheen of the surrounding paint is important. This is a
relatively low cost treatment, but it must be repeated for as
long as there is heavy paint buildup that is peeling off. Lead
containing waste material does not usually require costly
special handling and disposal since relatively smaller amounts
are generated, although you will still want to handle and
dispose of them responsibly. The continuing cost of this
treatment over the long-term might be higher than complete
removal. Typical costs are $5. - $11./sq.ft. with only 10-30% of
the exterior needing treatment.
/Complete Paint Removal and Recoating
/All paint is removed down to bare wood. The surface is prepared
and oiled if needed, primed, and painted with two top coats.
"Oil-based primer is used and top coats are so-called "latex"
with 100% acrylic binders. This is a very high cost treatment,
but is only done once. Since it removes the basic cause of the
problem (excessive paint buildup) the cost of continuing
maintenance is much lower than the spot paint maintenance
approach. Typical costs are $16. - $26./sq.ft.. This includes
access, removal, consolidating oil, primer, 2 top coats paint,
but does not include the cost of disposal of special or
hazardous lead paint waste. In recent years the rising costs of
safely removing and disposing of lead paint has made complete
removal a choice of last resort. Usually Steam Paint Removal or
chemical methods are used since grinding the paint off with
sanders or shavers creates large volumes of lead dust, and
dry-heat removal methods are a fire risk. We often limit
complete paint removal to areas with difficult access such as
towers where long-term performance is needed and on areas where
appearance is important such as at front doorways. And then we
do spot paint maintenance on the rest of the place.
/If you go this route, use vertical-grain radial-sawn
clapboards, which hold paint better than ordinary flat-sawn
clapboards. The difficulty with replacing the woodwork is that
you will have to pay top dollar for the best quality clapboards
and knowledgeable carpenters to install them. Even then you may
not get clapboards as good as the ones you have now. Old wood is
often much better quality and more durable than new wood. Saving
your old clapboards by doing spot paint maintenance or complete
paint removal could cost less in the long run.
Ward Clapboard Mill
Moretown , Vermont · 802-496-3581
Patten, Maine · 207-528-2933
269 France Road
Barrington , NH 03825
[log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
Learn more about clapboards and paint at Johns three-day
workshop and training session on exterior woodwork repairs and
painting, June 22-24, at his shop in Portland . Details
Contact Leeke directly for answers to your questions and more
information on techniques for restoring and maintaining your
historic building. Write to John Leeke, Preservation Consultant at
26 Higgins St. , Portland ME 04103 , 207 773-2306; or by E-mail at
[log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]> or visit his Internet Web
Site at www.HistoricHomeWorks.com
<http://www.historichomeworks.com/>. Back issues of John Leeke's
column will soon be available on the Preservation Trust of Vermont
*/Also available for Homeowners from the Vermont Division for
Inspection Checklist for Historic Buildings
Rehab Do's and Don'ts
*PUBLICATIONS & RESOURCES*
*/Feasibility Assessment Manual for Historic Buildings/
Helping Preservationists Build the Case for Reusing Older Buildings *
That old building isnt good for anything lets demolish it and
Preservationists know otherwise, and a new publication available
from the National Trusts Preservation Books series will help them
make an informed and realistic argument for reuse.
The /Feasibility Assessment Manual for Historic Buildings/, by real
estate consultant Donovan Rypkema, provides a step-by-step process
and a set of questions to enable an assessment team to determine
whether or not a building project is feasible and then prepare a
written report to support the teams findings. Following the steps
set out in the manual, the feasibility team begins by identifying
objectives, gathering and evaluating information, and finally
reaching a conclusion as to feasibility of reusing the building. A
CD-ROM includes Microsoft Excel spreadsheets to help team members
calculate capital costs, income and expenses, and operating costs.
The manual includes an outline for the final report, which allows
the team to organize its research into a logical format to answer
the question, Is the project feasible?
Order from Preservation Books, www.preservationbooks.org
/*Ten Tips for Managing an Historic Preservation Project
*/*From the Staff of the Preservation Trust of Vermont*
As you start down the path of saving and using your historic
building, here are a few tips to help you along the way:
Always thank your contributors. Have you ever not been thanked
by an organization you contributed to? Remember how you felt?
Keep careful records about your project. Maintain a list of
contributors and the chronology of your effort. You'll need
this information to tell the story of your success.
Make sure that everyone connected with your effort knows the
history and chronology of the project. They should also know
Involve as many people as possible in the effort. Teams do work!
Saving great historic buildings is hard work, so be sure to
find ways to have fun along the way. We can tell what other
organizations have done.
Find an important use for the finished building. The more the
building is used, the more people will appreciate it and help
maintain it over the long term.
When hiring an architect and contractor, be sure to get people
who appreciate old buildings and have a lot of experience
working on them. Visit some of the buildings they have worked on.
If you are lucky enough to receive a grant, be sure to
understand and follow all of the conditions required by the
donor. If reports are required, mark the dates on your
calendar and be sure to submit them on time. Be sure to say
Keep in touch with your supporters. Let them know how the
effort is moving along.
Publicize your progress. When you receive a grant or large
donation, celebrate by letting the local paper, radio station,
and television know. Be sure to recognize the donor, and be
sure to get their name right!
*EDUCATION, TRAINING & EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES*
*/June 23, Stone Wall Repairs Workshop at Shelburne Farms,
Shelburne, Vermont /*
Shelburne Farms was the home of Dr. Seward Webb and Lila Vanderbilt
Webb. Today, the site is managed by a nonprofit organization with a
leadership role in environmental stewardship. The property is and
was a grand estate, but it was and is a working farm.
The Farm Barn, five stories of stone and timber, features a
magnificent stone wall, laid with mortar, in the style of a medieval
fortified wall. It was built around 1890, and has endured a harsh
climate and some improper repointing.
This day-long workshop takes us behind the scenes during the first
of a series of repairs on the wall to take place over the next
several summer seasons.
Our learning objectives for this day include the following:
Learn about the walls design;
Understand why the wall has failed and how to correct it
without compromising its historic integrity;
Learn about mortar composition and compatibility with adjacent
Observe the repairs and try your hand at them as well;
Work with the preservation specialists who are working on the
Learn about the use of a pneumatic tool to clean out old
mortar manufactured by Vermonts Trow and Holden.
For more information, please contact [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]> or 802 674-6752 no later than June
15^th . You may register on-line at www.preservationworks.org
<http://www.preservationworks.org/> as well. Instructors are John
Wastrom, Mason, and James Duggan, President, Preservation Unlimited.
*/Executive Director, Maine Preservation
/**Maine Preservation*, the statewide nonprofit organization whose
mission is to promote the preservation, protection and vitality of
Maines historic places and encourage quality design that
contributes to the livability of communities, *seeks a proven
professional to serve as its full-time Executive Director. *
The Executive Director (ED) will manage the overall operations of
the organization within the scope of policies and guidance set forth
by the Board of Trustees. This is a small office with a big program.
Presently the Executive Director is assisted by a full-time Office
Manager. The ED is involved in all current program components
organized by the following committees: Executive, Development,
Public Policy, Education/Outreach, Easements, Nominations, and
For more information including a complete job description visit
www.mainepreservation.org <http://www.mainepreservation.org/> or
email [log in to unmask] <mailto:[log in to unmask]>.
*/Director and State Historic Preservation Officer, New Hampshire
/*The State of New Hampshire, Department of Cultural Resources,
Division of Historical Resources, is seeking a Director and State
Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) to administer New Hampshires
State Historic Preservation Office. The Director reports to the
Commissioner of the Department of Cultural Resources and supervises
a staff of professional historians, architectural historians,
archaeologists and support staff. As SHPO, the Director manages the
federal preservation program in New Hampshire, including the
National Register of Historic Places, Historic Preservation Tax
Credits, Section 106 Environmental Review, Certified Local
Governments, Survey and Inventory, Planning, Covenant and Technical
For more information, please contact Kathleen Stanick, Business
Administrator, [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]> or 603/271-2400.
*Historic Vermont* is available free to subscribers. To subscribe or
unsubscribe, please visit our website
http://www.ptvermont.org/ptv_news.htm. To submit something for
publication, please contact Meg Campbell at [log in to unmask]
<mailto:[log in to unmask]>
Coordinator, Center for Research on Vermont
and Vermont Studies Program
University of Vermont
589 Main Street, Nolin House
Burlington, VT 05401-3439
Email: <[log in to unmask]>; Telephone: 802-656-8363
Fax: 802-656-8518; Web site: <www.uvm.edu/~crvt>