LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives


SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives


SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE@LIST.UVM.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Home

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Home

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE  August 2000

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE August 2000

Subject:

The Germ of New Weapons: Genetic Code Creates Danger The Germ of New Weapons: Genetic Code Creates Danger

From:

"S. E. Anderson" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Science for the People Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 4 Aug 2000 07:43:01 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (139 lines)

Here's an interesting article from Mitchel Cohen
<[log in to unmask]>


>From the FAZ website (FAZ is the acronym for Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung
-- a main German daily newspaper).

www.faz.com

The Germ of New Weapons: Genetic Code Creates Danger

By Udo Ulfkotte

FRANKFURT. In the months leading to the announcement on June 26 that a
rough draft of the human code had been completed, some doctors grew
uneasy
over the prospective effects such an advance would have on warfare.

Some of these doctors, members of the British Medical Association,
painted
a dark picture last January about the dangers of genetic weapons. The
association envisioned weapons that could target only those with certain

genetic markers and said: "From a genetic point of view, there are more
similarities between different people and peoples than differences. But
the
differences are there, and these individual or combined differences can
be
used to distinguish members of one ethnic group from those of another."
Adding a darker tone to their views, the scientists predicted that a
genetic weapon could be used to only destroy white people, black people
or
Arabs.

Such predictions lead to several questions: Are civilian research
projects
like the Human Genome Project supplying the basic knowledge required for

such "ethno-weapons"? Can killer viruses be adapted to target certain
peoples?

Scientists working for Western secret services and the military say it
will
hardly be possible in the foreseeable future to modify viruses or
bacteria
to produce a weapon that can differentiate between different ethnic
groups,
noting that the currently known genetic differences between individual
groups of peoples are too small. Therefore, it seems that the militaries
of
the world are unlikely in this decade to fight on a genetic battlefield
with weapons for which there is no defense. Nevertheless, once
scientists
can read the "Book of Life," this nightmare vision could become reality
within decades.

If someone knows which ethnic groups are genetically susceptible to
certain
illnesses and also knows how to protect themselves with a vaccination
from
such weapons, they could also use this knowledge for warfare. And with
this
knowledge, the very same person could also create new -- to date unknown

-- pathogens. As was the case in nuclear research, advancements in the
field of genetics are also a source of new dangers for the long term.

Even without any detailed knowledge of the human genetic code,
militaries
long have been interested in biological weapons. In 1970, the U.S.
journal
Military Review published a report that detailed U.S. efforts during
the1950s. According to the magazine, U.S. military scientists tried to
tailor the Valley Fever virus to the Afro-American target group because
they had a tenfold likelihood of dying from this illness than white
people.
It is also known that Soviet researchers were working on a weapon of
genetically modified pathogens that would target only Chinese people.
This
kind of research still continues to be carried out in many countries
around
the world, such as North Korea, China, Taiwan, Iraq, Iran and Syria.

In the 1990s, in a study titled Deployment of Armed Forces 2020, the
German
military pointed to the future dangers of biological weapons "against
genetically different groups of peoples." These kinds of warfare agents
would be harmless to an attacker's own soldiers but would prove to be
lethal for people from another genetic group. The study may have been
drawn
up amid reports about research being carried out in South Africa that at

the time unexpectedly forced its way into public knowledge.

The South African Truth Commission, which investigated the country's
apartheid system, brought to light certain details of a biological
weapons
program carried out during the era. The report stated that the former
head
of the South African program, Wouter Basson, misused scientific findings
to
test biological weapons that would only kill black people. Cholera
pathogens (sprayed as an aerosol) -- one of South Africa's many areas of

experimentation -- were intended, as far as possible, to kill only black

people. Other research was dedicated to making black women infertile.

Other governments were interested in the weapons technology research
carried out by the South Africans, including -- allegedly -- Israel.
Twelve
kilometers (7.5 miles) south of Tel Aviv in Nes Tsiona is the Israeli
secret research center for chemical and biological weapons, where the
effectiveness of the latest weapons is tested on horses, pigs, dogs and
monkeys. It is also where the Israelis produced the chemicals used by
the
Israeli secret service Mossad in 1997 during its failed attempt to kill
the
Hamas leader Khaled Meshal in Jordan.

When in November 1998 the British newspaper the Sunday Times published
details of the Nes Tsiona research project under the headline "Israel
develops an ethnic bomb," the Israeli government reacted with outrage
and
denied everything. The research, the Israelis said at the time, was of a

purely defensive nature. Israel was not developing biological weapons in

Nes Tsiona, they said, but was rather attempting -- in cooperation with
the
researchers -- to find a way of protecting themselves from these
weapons.
But the Federation of American Scientists noted that if someone
were working defensively in the field of biotechnology and biotechnical
weapons, they could also put their findings to offensive use.

From, FAZ Jul. 10

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

September 2023
August 2023
July 2023
June 2023
May 2023
April 2023
March 2023
February 2023
January 2023
December 2022
November 2022
October 2022
September 2022
August 2022
July 2022
June 2022
May 2022
April 2022
March 2022
February 2022
January 2022
December 2021
November 2021
October 2021
September 2021
August 2021
July 2021
June 2021
May 2021
April 2021
March 2021
February 2021
January 2021
December 2020
November 2020
October 2020
September 2020
August 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
May 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LIST.UVM.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager