LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives


SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Archives


SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE@LIST.UVM.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Home

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE Home

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE  September 2000

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE September 2000

Subject:

US Scientists + US Atomic Energy Commission 'Killed Amazon Indians to Test Race Theory'

From:

"S. E. Anderson" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Science for the People Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 24 Sep 2000 07:50:22 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (223 lines)

SftPfolk,

Here's another bit of news that shows our fight against the eugenics
movement needs to be ratcheted up. We need to organize a contingent of
progressives to be at the AGM November meeting to support Prof. Turner.
I sense he will be either ignored and dismissed as misinformed and
paranoid or that the Right will use this opportunity to push their "new
and improved" eugenics movement agenda upon academia.

This is another clear marker for the need to rejuvenate and rebuild a
Science for The People organization... and I don't just mean
cyberorganizing!

In Struggle,

S. E. Anderson
*************************************************************************************

http://www.guardianunlimited.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,372067,00.html

Scientist 'killed Amazon indians to test race theory'
==================================
Geneticist accused of letting thousands die in
rainforest

Paul Brown,  Environment correspondent
Friday September 22 2000
The Guardian

  Thousands of South American indians were infected
with measles, killing hundreds, in order for US
scientists to study the effects on primitive
societies of natural selection, according to a book
out next month.

  The astonishing story of genetic research on
humans, which took 10 years to uncover, is likely to
shake the world of anthropology to its core, according
to Professor Terry Turner of Cornell University, who
has read the proofs.

  "In its scale, ramifications, and sheer criminality
and corruption it is unparalleled in the history of
anthropology," Prof Turner says in a warning letter
to Louise Lamphere, the president of the American
Anthropology Association (AAA).

  The book accuses James Neel, the geneticist who
headed a long-term project to study the Yanomami
people of Venezuela in the mid-60s, of using a
virulent measles vaccine to spark off an epidemic
which killed hundreds and probably thousands.

  Once the epidemic was under way, according to the
book, the research team "refused to provide any
medical assistance to the sick and dying Yanomami,
on explicit order from Neel. He insisted to his
colleagues that they were only there to observe and
record the epidemic, and that they must stick
strictly to their roles as scientists, not provide
medical help".

  The book, Darkness in El Dorado by the investigative
journalist Patrick Tierney, is due to be published
on October 1. Prof Turner, whose letter was
co-signed by fellow anthropologist Leslie Sponsel of
the University of Hawaii, was trying to warn the AAA
of the impending scandal so the profession could
defend itself.

  Although Neel died last February, many of his
associates, some of them authors of classic
anthropology texts, are still alive.

  The accusations will be the main focus of the
AAA's AGM in November, when the surviving scientists
have been invited to defend their work. None have
commented publicly, but they are asking colleagues
to come to their defence.

  One of the most controversial aspects of the
research which allegedly culminated in the epidemic
is that it was funded by the US atomic energy
commission, which was anxious to discover what might
happen to communities when large numbers were wiped
out by nuclear war.

  While there is no "smoking gun" in the form of
texts or recorded speeches by Neel explaining his
conduct, Prof Turner believes the only explanation is
that he was trying to test controversial eugenic
theories like the Nazi scientist Josef Mengele.

  He quotes another anthropologist who read the
manuscript as saying: "Mr. Tierney's analysis is a
case study of the dangers in science of the
uncontrolled ego, of lack of respect for life, and
of greed and self-indulgence. It is a further
extraordinary revelation of malicious and perverted
work conducted under the aegis of the atomic energy
commission."

  Prof Turner says Neel and his group used a virulent
vaccine called Edmonson B on the Yanomani, which was
known to produce symptoms virtually indistinguishable
from cases of measles.

  "Medical experts, when informed that Neel and his
group used the vaccine in question on the Yanomami,
typically refuse to believe it at first, then say
that it is incredible that they could have done it,
and
are at a loss to explain why they would have chosen
such an inappropriate and dangerous vaccine," he
writes.

  "There is no record that Neel sought any medical
advice before applying the vaccine. He never
informed the appropriate organs of the Venezuelan
government that his group was planning to carry out
a vaccination campaign, as he was legally required
to do.

Fatalities

  "Neither he nor any other member of the expedition
has ever explained why that vaccine was used,
despite the evidence that it actually caused or, at a
minimum, greatly exacerbated the fatal epidemic."

  Prof Turner says that Neel held the view that
"natural" human society, as seen before the advent
of large-scale agriculture, consists of small,
genetically isolated groups in which dominant genes
- specifically a gene he believed existed for
"leadership" or "innate ability" - have a selective
advantage.

  In such an environment, male carriers of this gene
would gain access to a disproportionate number of
females, reproducing their genes more frequently
than less "innately able" males. The result would
supposedly be a continual upgrading of the human
genetic stock.

  He says Neel believed that in modern societies
"superior leadership genes would be swamped by mass
genetic mediocrity".

  "The political implication of this fascistic
eugenics is clearly that society should be
reorganised into small breeding isolates in which
genetically superior males could emerge into
dominance, eliminating or subordinating the male
losers in the competition for leadership and women,
and amassing harems of brood females," Prof Turner
adds.

  In the memo he says: "One of Tierney's more
startling revelations is that the whole Yanomami
project was an outgrowth and continuation of the
atomic energy commission's secret programme of
experiments on human subjects.

  "Neel, the originator of the project, was part of
the medical and genetic research team attached to
the atomic energy commission since the days of the
Manhattan Project."

  James Neel was well-known for his research into
the effects of radiation on human subjects and
personally headed the team that investigated the
effects of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs on
survivors and their children.

  According to Prof Turner, the same group also
secretly carried out experiments on human subjects
in the US. These included injecting people with
radioactive plutonium without their knowledge or
permission.

Nightmarish

  "This nightmarish story - a real anthropological
heart of darkness beyond the imagining of even a
Joseph Conrad (though not, perhaps, a Josef Mengele)
- will be seen (rightly in our view) by the public,
as well as most anthropologists, as putting the
whole discipline on trial," he says.

  "This book should... cause the field to understand
how the corrupt and depraved protagonists could have
spread their poison for so long while they were
accorded great respect throughout the western
world... This should never be allowed to happen
again."

  Yesterday Professor Turner told the Guardian it
was unfortunate that the confidential memo had been
leaked, but it had accomplished its original purpose
in getting a full response from the AAA.

  A public forum would be held at its AGM in November
to discuss the book its revelations and courses of
action.

  In a statement yesterday the association said "The
AAA is extremely concerned about these allegations.
If proven true they would constitute a serious
violation of Yanomami human rights and our code of
ethics. Until there is a full and impartial review
and discussion of the issues raised in the book, it
would be unfair to express a judgment about the
specific allegations against individuals that are
contained in it.

  "The association is anticipating conducting an
open forum during our annual meeting to provide an
opportunity for our members to review and discuss
the issues and allegations raised in the book."

Copyright Guardian Newspapers Limited

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

January 2022
December 2021
November 2021
October 2021
September 2021
August 2021
July 2021
June 2021
May 2021
April 2021
March 2021
February 2021
January 2021
December 2020
November 2020
October 2020
September 2020
August 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
May 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LIST.UVM.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager