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SKIVT-L  March 2004, Week 3

SKIVT-L March 2004, Week 3

Subject:

Montana Warning: Don't Get in the Way of the 'Avalauncher'

From:

Peter Salts <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Vermont Skiing Discussion and Snow Reports <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 18 Mar 2004 13:26:37 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (174 lines)

For those who do not have a subscription to The Wall Street Journal,
here's the article Denis and Skip were referring to yesterday.

PS


Montana Warning:
Don't Get in the Way
Of the 'Avalauncher'

Weapon Prevents Snowslides,
But Shots Can Go Awry;
Ski Resorts Head to Court
By CHRISTINA BINKLEY
Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
March 17, 2004

BIG SKY, Mont. -- To the dangers of skiing, add the possibility of
getting hit by shrapnel.

At the Big Sky Resort, ski patrollers are worried about blasts from a
neighboring ski resort called Moonlight Basin Ranch. "We don't like them
shooting at us," says Taylor Middleton, general manager of Big Sky,
which is seeking a court injunction against the blasts.

Ski-slope weapons are fired in the name of safety. To prevent avalanches
after snowfalls and spring melts, resort operators like to blast
unstable piles of snow before the day's skiing begins. That assures
patrons they won't be buried in a surprise slough.

Things get tricky when two ski resorts are neighbors. Big Sky, a
venerable name in Montana's ski business, and newcomer Moonlight Basin
are separated only by a knife-edge ridge.

For its everyday avalanche-blasting needs, Moonlight Basin fires a gun
called an avalauncher. It's a nitrogen-fueled cannon whose blasts often
go astray. So far none of its rounds have landed on Big Sky's side of
the mountain. Lee Poole, Moonlight's co-owner, says it's "ridiculous" to
talk about such dangers. "It's impossible, with all the systems we have
in place, for anything to happen," he says.


A Big Sky patroller surveys the ridgeline for avalanche-prone slopes to
blast with the resort's avalauncher.


Big Sky used to fire its own avalaunchers in a direction that could have
put Moonlight Basin's turf at risk. But it stopped last November,
fearing casualties. Then it sued Moonlight last month in Madison County
District Court, seeking a permanent injunction against the artillery
fire, among other things. The court hasn't ruled yet on the request.

The avalauncher is among the biggest of ski slope weapons. Ski
patrollers also lob small bombs at avalanche-prone areas, and some fire
antitank weapons. If successful, the force of the explosion triggers an
avalanche while people are at a safe distance. Then patrollers head in,
using their skis to test and compact the snow. "It's like using the
artillery before the ground troops go in," says Alex Hassman, a
Moonlight Basin patroller.

Several ski areas in Europe, South America and the U.S. share the
problem of too-close neighbors. In Utah, the ski areas of Alta and
Snowbird are back-to-back. "We have to be real careful because we shoot
at each other, essentially," says Onno Wieringa, Alta's president and
general manager.

Alta fires more than 10,000 pounds of explosives each year at its
slopes. In addition to a half-dozen avalaunchers, Mr. Wieringa counts on
an Army-surplus 105mm recoilless rifle loaded with antitank rounds. On
early mornings when these weapons are deployed, the ski area asks
patrons to stay inside "so they don't go home with a shrapnel wound,"
Mr. Wieringa says.

Alta and Snowbird communicate constantly by cellphone and radio. But in
Montana, Big Sky and Moonlight Basin haven't achieved detente.

Big Sky was the retirement dream of NBC newscaster Chet Huntley. He
helped persuade investors to buy land around the south slope of Lone
Mountain, an 11,166-foot-high peak between Bozeman, Mont., and Wyoming's
Yellowstone National Park. The ski area opened in 1973, a few months
before Mr. Huntley's death. It was sold in 1976 to Boyne USA Resorts, a
family-owned ski company based in Boyne Falls, Mich.

Boyne expanded Big Sky, creating ski runs as long as six miles. It built
condominiums, hotels and a small shopping mall. In 1995, Moonlight Basin
Ranch developed the north slope of Lone Mountain. At first Big Sky
managed the Moonlight slope. Then last summer Moonlight struck out on
its own and tripled the size of its resort.

As it geared up last fall, Moonlight bought a new $10,000 avalauncher
and placed it on a windswept steel platform below the ridgeline. The gun
aims up at a wide bowl that represents some of the resort's steepest,
most avalanche-prone terrain. It's also popular territory for expert
skiers.

While heavy snowfall is a big cause of avalanches, the danger remains in
April and May, when snow warms and can suddenly crash down the slopes.
Avalanche deaths are rising along with the popularity of extreme sports.
Last year, 30 people died in avalanches in the U.S. -- half of them
snowmobilers -- up from 13 a decade ago. But it's rare for anyone to
meet with a killer avalanche in a patrolled ski area. That's happened
only once since 1987, according to the American Avalanche Association.

Lone Mountain, the peak shared by Big Sky and Moonlight, is rated
Class-A for avalanches, meaning they're almost a daily risk. If
Moonlight didn't use the avalauncher, patrollers would be forced to hike
nearly an hour along the treacherous ridgeline, where they would bomb
the bowl with hand-tossed charges before skiing down. "It isn't for the
faint of heart," says Burt Mills, Moonlight's chief executive.

To prevent accidents, Moonlight uses welded safety guards to control the
avalauncher's aim. It also calls Big Sky to warn of impending fire. Then
Big Sky clears lift attendants, patrollers and other employees from the
area for a half hour or so until the bombing stops. Big Sky complains
that this frequently causes it to miss its promised 9 a.m. opening time.

On its side, Big Sky can reach the ridge more easily via a gondola that
spirits skiers 1,450 feet up the summit. Patroller Mike Buotte and two
other blasting experts work from "the fort" -- a 12-by-16-foot
slope-side cabin that houses precast explosives, fuses and blasting
caps.

A slightly built 35-year-old, Mr. Buotte (pronounced Bee-aht) was caught
and nearly buried two years ago in an avalanche he inadvertently set off
as he was skiing. After it was over, he pulled his feet out of his boots
and skis in order to free himself from the snow, then dug them out and
continued working. "It's good work," he says, glancing around at miles
of the Northern Rockies wilderness. "I'm getting paid right now, you
know."

All the blast residues on his clothes and equipment make him a frequent
detainee at airport security counters these days. He carries a letter
from the resort that explains what he does for a living.

On a recent morning, he and 42-year-old Eddie Garcia got started just
after daybreak. In the fort, they assembled a hand charge by attaching
two 90-second fuses to a 2-pound cast of a mixture of TNT and PETN,
another explosive. Double fuses offer more assurance that the bomb won't
end up a dud -- which would then have to be tenderly retrieved. They
headed out on snowmobiles.

At the summit, Mr. Buotte lit the fuses and dangled the explosives on a
60-foot string, using the ridge he was standing on to shield him from
the blast. Mr. Garcia hid behind the concrete gondola base and counted
down the seconds. Both men plugged their fingers in their ears and
opened their mouths to equalize the pressure from the concussive
explosion that followed.

They also used the avalauncher -- but in keeping with Big Sky's
unilateral ceasefire, they only aimed in the opposite direction from
Moonlight. The avalauncher is as big as a prone body, with three long
metal tubes. "Breach is open, ready to load!" Mr. Buotte hollered. The
pair inserted the round. "Fire in the hole!" Mr. Garcia shouted. With a
percussive boom, a crater appeared in the snow across the slope.

With a groan, Mr. Buotte noted that the round hit roughly 75 feet off
target. Unlike bullets, these rounds don't spin as they travel, making
them highly inaccurate. "These things come out like a knuckleball in
baseball," says Mr. Buotte.

It's the kind of misfire that concerns Mr. Middleton, Big Sky's general
manager. "I have no doubt that the Moonlight operation is attempting to
be safe," he says. "But it's human beings operating machines and
mistakes happen."

Not to worry, says Moonlight's Mr. Poole. "Could we [inadvertently]
launch a round over the top of that?" he asks, staring up at the lofty
peak. "It's about as possible as getting hit by a meteor."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
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February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
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December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
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November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
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September 2007, Week 5
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August 2007, Week 5
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June 2007, Week 5
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May 2007, Week 5
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April 2007, Week 5
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April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
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March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
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February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
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January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
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December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
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November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
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October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
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September 2006, Week 5
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September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
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January 2006, Week 3
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January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
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December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
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November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
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June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
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May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
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December 2004, Week 3
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November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
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July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
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April 2004, Week 3
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February 2004, Week 5
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February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
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December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
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October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
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April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
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March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
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November 2001, Week 3
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November 2001, Week 1
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October 2001, Week 3
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April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
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February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
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March 2000, Week 5
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December 1999, Week 5
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December 1998, Week 5
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