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July 2007

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Subject:
From:
"R. Geeta" <[log in to unmask]>
Reply To:
Science for the People Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>
Date:
Tue, 31 Jul 2007 20:14:27 -0400
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http://portal.unesco.org/sc_nat/ev.php?URL_ID=5257&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201&reload=1183994466

Science, engineering and technology are pivotal to sustainable
socio-economic development, poverty reduction and other United Nations
Millennium Development Goals. Yet most countries appear to be facing a
decline of enrolment especially among young women in science and
engineering.

Just out: the UNESCO toolkit on Gender Indicators in Science, Engineering
and Technology provides a better understanding of the numbers and needs at
stake in these fields, including quantitative and qualitative indicators
for the participation of women and under-represented groups, especially in
developing countries. It reviews the main theoretical and methodological
approaches to data collection internationally and presents case studies,
guidelines and new approaches related to the collection and analysis of
gender-disaggregated data. In so doing, it establishes a new basis for
evidence-based analysis enabling planners and policy-makers to address
these issues with greater effectiveness.

Efforts promoting women's participation in science, engineering and
technology contributed to increasing enrolment in the 1980s and 1990s up
to 20-25% in many countries. Since 2000, however, these numbers appear to
have declined to 10-15%, while in some countries women's enrolment is even
lower. This, and brain drain, could have a serious impact especially on
developing countries.


More women and under-represented groups are needed in science and
engineering to help maintain and promote our knowledge societies and
economies, and not simply on grounds of equity alone. Already, the way in
which science, engineering and technology data are predominantly collected
renders women and their concerns, issues and responsibilities relatively
invisible. But this is not the only reason that women remain
under-represented in science and engineering. How many scientists and
engineers are needed, in which fields and at what levels? What are the
reasons for the recent decline of youth interest and enrolment in science
and engineering? Gender issues in science and engineering, as in other
areas, are an issue for us all, not just a problem for women.

For more information contact: [log in to unmask]
Author(s) Sophia Huyer & Gunnar Westholm
Publication Date 2007
Publisher UNESCO
Number of Pages 127 p.
ISBN 978-92-3-104038-2

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