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SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE  May 2011

SCIENCE-FOR-THE-PEOPLE May 2011

Subject:

Re: provocateurs and Stalinists--and Cuba

From:

Stuart Newman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Science for the People Discussion List <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sat, 14 May 2011 13:33:55 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (96 lines)

This an uncharacteristically nuanced and historically informed post on this 
subject, for this list, Kamran. Are you sure you're in the right place?

On Sat, 14 May 2011 08:28:15 -0700, Kamran Nayeri 
<[log in to unmask]> wrote:

>In the interest of historical accuracy:
>
>Michael B. wrote: "Communists have long insisted that the working class
>needs only one party, the party that represents their interests, and the
>Communist Party is it--period."
>
>In Marx and Engel's writings the word party in the "communist party" 
refers
>to the communist current identified with the vanguard workers in the 
labor
>movement--re-read the Manifesto of the Communist Party, Chapter
>II<http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-
manifesto/ch02.htm>:
>"The Communists do not form a separate party opposed to the other
>working-class parties."
>
>The Communist League, and the International Workingmen's 
Association that
>Marx and Engels help build and lead included other socialist currents of
>their time.  Marx praised and defended the Paris Commune even if its
>leadership was in the hands of currents he diligently criticized.
>
>The Second (Socialist) International never held a "single party" doctrine.
>Its Russian party include the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks and other 
currents.
>
>The Bolsheviks leaders debated their sometimes conflicting views in 
public
>and called for "all power to the Soviets" after April of 1917--their were a
>minority party in the Soviets at that time. Lenin's State and Revolution
>written in the summer of 1917 is all about the Soviets and the "party" is
>not even mentioned. he uphold the Paris Commune as a model 
(multiparty
>working class power).
>
>After the October 1917 revolution, the Bolsheviks that had become the
>majority in the Soviets worked along with other socialist parties and 
formed
>alliance with the left Social Revolutionary party.
>
>After the civil war broke out in 1918 and minority socialist parties
>intensified their hostility to the socialist course of the Soviet
>government, the Bolsheviks were forced to ban them.
>
>After the destruction that followed the civil war and imperialist war
>against the Soviet government causing huge crisis, Lenin and some 
other
>Bolshevik leaders moved to temporarily ban factions and tendencies 
within
>the Newly formed Communist Party in 1921.
>
>After Lenin's death in January 1924 and degeneration of the socialist
>revolution, Stalin and his associates that represented the rising
>conservative within the party and the state replaced the Bolshevik
>revolutionary legacy with their own doctrine that included such things as
>"socialism in one country" and "one party system" with no right for 
factions
>and tendencies. This doctrine was imposed of the parties of the Third
>(Communist) International. Thus, it was followed by Stalinist parties in
>China, Vietnam, North Korea and Eastern Europe.
>
>The Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) does not have the same origin. It 
was
>actually formed through the unification of three currents--the July 26th
>Movement, Revolutionary Directorate, and the Popular Socialist Party. 
The
>latter looked to Moscow as its model.  The July 26th Movement has its
>ideological loots in the Cuban and Latin American revolutionary 
movements.
> The present-day PCC is a one-party system not in the sense of the 
Stalinist
>parties but in the manner Jose Marti proposed at the end of the 19th
>century. All Cubans were to join forces in their fight for national
>independence from Spain.  He organized such a party that proved 
effective in
>defeating Spain.
>
>The PCC just had its sixth congress that offered a way to see how it
>function and what it does.  I have posted a number of articles and other
>information about this on my blog
><http://forhumanliberation.blogspot.com/>that interested parties can
>look up (the blog posts many articles on
>Cuba--including those that are critical).
>
>I have tried to refrain from expressing my own views on any of this--just
>what some call "stylized facts."
>
>Kamran
>

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