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February 2019, Week 3


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Thomas Krichel <[log in to unmask]>
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Thomas Krichel <[log in to unmask]>
Sun, 17 Feb 2019 08:12:31 +0000
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bims-librar       Biomed news on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2019‒02‒17          │ 
twelve papers selected by    │
Thomas Krichel (Open Library │
 Society)                    │ │

 1. Medical Librarians Can Help Providers Improve Clinical Decision-Making 
     and Education.
 2. [Systematic literature search in PubMed : A short introduction].
 3. Modeling Keyword Search Strategy: Analysis of Pharmacovigilance 
     Specialists' Search of MedDRA Terms.
 4. Scientific fraud in anaesthesiology publications.
 5. The Right to Write: Who 'Owns' the Case Report?
 6. A preliminary biopsychosocial analysis of online information on causes 
     of neck pain.
 7. Seeking Formula for Misinformation Treatment in Public Health Crises: 
     The Effects of Corrective Information Type and Source.
 8. Men's health on the web: an analysis of current resources.
 9. Design of a generic, open platform for machine learning-assisted 
     indexing and clustering of articles in PubMed, a biomedical bibliographic 
10. Health Topics on Facebook Groups: Content Analysis of Posts in 
     Multiple Sclerosis Communities.
11. Disparity in online health information in pediatric vs. adult 
     surgical conditions.
12. A Comparative Multimetric Assessment of English and Spanish Carpal 
     Tunnel Syndrome Materials.


                                        Pediatr Ann. 2019 Feb 01. 48(2): e49-e50
 1. Medical Librarians Can Help Providers Improve Clinical Decision-Making 
     and Education.
   Hageman JR

                                                       Z Rheumatol. 2019 Feb 12.
 2. [Systematic literature search in PubMed : A short introduction].
   Blümle A, Lagrèze WA, Motschall E
  In order to identify current (and relevant) evidence for a specific clinical 
  question within the unmanageable amount of information available, solid 
  skills in performing a systematic literature search are essential. An 
  efficient approach is to search a biomedical database containing relevant 
  literature citations of study reports. The best known database is MEDLINE, 
  which is searchable for free via the PubMed interface. In this article, we 
  explain step by step how to perform a systematic literature search via 
  PubMed by means of an example research question in the field of 
  ophthalmology. First, we demonstrate how to translate the clinical problem 
  into a well-framed and searchable research question, how to identify 
  relevant search terms and how to conduct a text word search and a search 
  with keywords in medical subject headings (MeSH) terms. We then show how to 
  limit the number of search results if the search yields too many irrelevant 
  hits and how to increase the number in the case of too few citations. 
  Finally, we summarize all essential principles that guide a literature 
  search via PubMed.
   Keywords: Bibliographic databases; MEDLINE; Medical subject headings; 
    PubMed; Systematic literature search

                                   Stud Health Technol Inform. 2019 ;257 298-302
 3. Modeling Keyword Search Strategy: Analysis of Pharmacovigilance 
     Specialists' Search of MedDRA Terms.
   Marcilly R, Douze L, Bousquet C, Pelayo S
  In the information retrieval task, searching and choosing keywords to form 
  the query is crucial. The present study analyzes and describes the keywords' 
  search strategy into a thesaurus in the field of pharmacovigilance. Two 
  ergonomics experts shadowed 22 pharmacovigilance specialists during their 
  daily work. They focus on the strategies for searching and choosing MedDRA 
  terms to build pharmacovigilance queries. Interviews of four 
  pharmacovigilance specialists completed the observations. Results highlight 
  that, for unusual or complex searches, pharmacovigilance specialists proceed 
  iteratively in three main phases: (i) preparation of a list of terms and of 
  evaluation criteria, (ii) exploration of the MedDRA hierarchy and choice of 
  a term, and (iii) evaluation of the results against the criteria. Overall, 
  the search and the choice of keywords within a thesaurus shares similarity 
  with the information retrieval task and is closely interwoven with the query 
  building process. Based on the results, the paper proposes design 
  specifications for new interfaces supporting the identification of MedDRA 
  terms so that pharmacovigilance reports searches achieve a good level of 
   Keywords: Cognitive work analysis; Information retrieval; MedDRA; 
    Modelling; pharmacovigilance

                    Vet Anaesth Analg. 2018 Nov 28. pii: S1467-2987(18)30295-2. 
 4. Scientific fraud in anaesthesiology publications.
   Savvas I, Pavlidou K

                                   Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2019 ;6(1): 001005
 5. The Right to Write: Who 'Owns' the Case Report?
   Agrawal A, Eiger D, Jain D, Allman R, Eiger G
  In this Letter to the Editor, Agrawal et al. debate the conflicts that can 
  arise regarding the authorship of case reports. Like all other medical 
  journals, EJCRIM has zero tolerance for the willful undisclosed 
  re-submission of papers that have already been published elsewhere. However, 
  this may occasionally happen by accident, especially in large healthcare 
  institutions in which multiple teams of physicians may care for a patient 
  throughout their illness. EJCRIM endorses and recommends to all potential 
  authors the very sensible suggestions made by Agrawal et al. to avoid such 
  an error occurring. EJCRIM would also encourage authors to consider the 
  following: The first author should ensure that no one else involved in the 
  case has reported it or plans to report it. This is especially important for 
  physicians working in large healthcare centres, and/or for case reports of 
  patients who have been under investigation or treatment for prolonged 
  periods.On rare occasions EJCRIM will consider a case that has already been 
  published, provided that this is fully and explicitly disclosed, and there 
  is a clear reason why re-publication is justified. An example might be where 
  new information has come to light that significantly changes the conclusions 
  of the original report. As in all reports published by EJCRIM the decision 
  to publish will depend on the educational value, or learning points, of the 

                                              Musculoskeletal Care. 2019 Feb 14.
 6. A preliminary biopsychosocial analysis of online information on causes 
     of neck pain.
   Neelapala YVR, Raja R, Bhandary A
  OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyse the freely available 
  online information on the causes of neck pain based on the biopsychosocial 
  model of pain.
   METHODS: A preliminary biopsychosocial analysis tool was developed, after an 
  extensive literature review of the pathoanatomical and psychosocial 
  contributors for neck pain. The websites that commonly appeared after the 
  search term "causes of neck pain" in the first two pages of the search 
  engines (Google, Yahoo and Bing) were selected for the biopsychosocial 
  analysis. In addition, the websites were reviewed for Health on Net (HON) 
   RESULTS: Ten websites were analysed, of which eight were identified to 
  contain a predominant biomedical orientation, as they reported only the 
  pathoanatomical causes of neck pain. The remaining two websites were 
  determined to represent limited psychosocial information and described only 
  two psychological contributors to the neck pain.
   CONCLUSIONS: The online information on the causes of neck pain appears to 
  contain limited biopsychosocial orientation. Further detailed analysis is 
  essential to obtain firm conclusions on the content validity of online 
  information on neck pain.
   Keywords: cervical pain; health information; web-based information

                                                Health Commun. 2019 Feb 14. 1-16
 7. Seeking Formula for Misinformation Treatment in Public Health Crises: 
     The Effects of Corrective Information Type and Source.
   van der Meer TGLA, Jin Y
  An increasing lack of information truthfulness has become a fundamental 
  challenge to communications. Insights into how to debunk this type of 
  misinformation can especially be crucial for public health crises. To 
  identify corrective information strategies that increase awareness and 
  trigger actions during infectious disease outbreaks, an online experiment (N 
  = 700) was conducted, using a U.S. sample. After initial misinformation 
  exposure, participants' exposure to corrective information type (simple 
  rebuttal vs. factual elaboration) and source (government health agency vs. 
  news media vs. social peer) was varied, including a control group without 
  corrective information. Results show that, if corrective information is 
  present rather than absent, incorrect beliefs based on misinformation are 
  debunked and the exposure to factual elaboration, compared to simple 
  rebuttal, stimulates intentions to take protective actions. Moreover, 
  government agency and news media sources are found to be more successful in 
  improving belief accuracy compared to social peers. The observed mediating 
  role of crisis emotions reveals the mechanism underlying the effects of 
  corrective information. The findings contribute to misinformation research 
  by providing a formula for correcting the increasing spread of 
  misinformation in times of crisis.

                                                      World J Urol. 2019 Feb 12.
 8. Men's health on the web: an analysis of current resources.
   Teh J, Wei J, Chiang G, Nzenza TC, Bolton D, Lawrentschuk N
  INTRODUCTION: Men's health research covers a broad range of topics. Men and 
  women face different barriers to health, with men almost universally having 
  a lower life expectancy than women. Access to high-quality information on 
  men's health topics is potentially an important part of engaging men with 
  medical services. We aim to assess the quality of men's health resources 
  available on the internet across 4 developed countries using a tier-based 
  rating system as well as the World Health Organisation Health on the Net 
  (HON) standards.
   METHODS: The Google search engine imbedded with the Health on the Net 
  toolbar was used to assess 357 websites across Australia, Canada, America 
  and United Kingdom using the search term 'men's health'. The websites were 
  further subdivided into 3 tiers by 2 independent investigators, with tier 1 
  websites defined as government or health organisation sponsored, tier 2 
  websites defined as being sponsored by health services such as private 
  clinics and insurance providers, and tier 3 websites being websites that did 
  not meet criteria for the first 2 tiers.
   RESULTS: Overall, 28% of websites were rated as tier 1, 26% as tier 2 and 
  46% as tier 3. The HONcode accreditation was overall 39% of tier 1 websites. 
  The majority of websites reviewed were in the tier 3 category, and 35% of 
  overall websites being non-health or non-medically related.
   DISCUSSION: The lack of 'relevant' and HONcode-accredited websites relating 
  to men's health should be appreciated by health care professionals.
   Keywords: Adult; Health information seeking; Internet; Men; Men’s health

                                            Data Inf Manag. 2018 Jun;2(1): 27-36
 9. Design of a generic, open platform for machine learning-assisted 
     indexing and clustering of articles in PubMed, a biomedical bibliographic 
   Smalheiser NR, Cohen AM
  Many investigators have carried out text mining of the biomedical literature 
  for a variety of purposes, ranging from the assignment of indexing terms to 
  the disambiguation of author names. A common approach is to define positive 
  and negative training examples, extract features from article metadata, and 
  employ machine learning algorithms. At present, each research group tackles 
  each problem from scratch, and in isolation of other projects, which causes 
  redundancy and great waste of effort. Here, we propose and describe the 
  design of a generic platform for biomedical text mining, which can serve as 
  a shared resource for machine learning projects, and can serve as a public 
  repository for their outputs. We will initially focus on a specific goal, 
  namely, classifying articles according to Publication Type, and emphasize 
  how feature sets can be made more powerful and robust through the use of 
  multiple, heterogeneous similarity measures as input to machine learning 
  models. We then discuss how the generic platform can be extended to include 
  a wide variety of other machine learning based goals and projects, and can 
  be used as a public platform for disseminating the results of NLP tools to 
  end-users as well.
   Keywords: Text mining; community platforms; data sharing; machine 
    learning; open science; semantic similarity; vector representation

                                   Interact J Med Res. 2019 Feb 11. 8(1): e10146
10. Health Topics on Facebook Groups: Content Analysis of Posts in 
     Multiple Sclerosis Communities.
   Della Rosa S, Sen F
  BACKGROUND: Social network sites (SNSs) are being increasingly used to 
  exchange health information between patients and practitioners, 
  pharmaceutical companies, and research centers. Research contributions have 
  explored the contents of such exchanges discussed online. They have 
  categorized the topics discussed and explored the engagement levels of these 
   OBJECTIVE: This research aimed at investigating the potential role of SNSs 
  in health care. Specifically it provides an information-clustering analysis 
  of the health information available on SNSs and develops a research design 
  that allows an investigation of this information in enhancing health care 
  research and delivery. In addition, this research aims at testing whether 
  SNSs are valid tools for sharing drug-related information by patients.
   METHODS: This research is based on a specific chronic disease: multiple 
  sclerosis. We searched Facebook to identify and research the social media 
  groups related to this condition. The analysis was restricted to public 
  groups for privacy concerns. We created a database by downloading posts from 
  two main groups (in the English language). Subsequently, we performed a 
  content analysis and statistical analysis; this allowed us to explore the 
  differences between categories, their engagement levels, and the types of 
  posts shared. The mean level of engagement for each topic was analyzed using 
  a 1-way analysis of variance.
   RESULTS: From a sample of 7029 posts, initial results showed that there were 
  8 information categories that resonated (percentage of times the topic 
  appears in our sample) with those who post on Facebook: information and 
  awareness (4923/7029, 70.04%), event advertising and petitions (365/7029, 
  5.19%), fundraising (354/7029, 5.04%), patient support (217/7029, 3.09%), 
  drug discussion (144/7029, 2.05%), clinical trials and research studies 
  (59/7029, 0.84%), product and drug advertising (48/7029, 0.68%), and other 
  (919/7029, 13.07%). Initial analysis showed that comments and likes (as 
  measures of engagement level) are the most frequent indicators and measures 
  of level of engagement. Our results show a high engagement level (in terms 
  of views, likes, comments, etc) for patient support and information and 
  awareness. In addition, although drug discussion had a low resonance, it had 
  an unexpected highly engagement level which we found worthy of further 
   CONCLUSIONS: SNSs have become important tools for patients and health care 
  practitioners to share or seek information. We identified the type of 
  information shared and how the public reacted to it. Our research confirmed 
  that the topics discussed in social media related to specific diseases such 
  as multiple sclerosis are similar to the information categories observed by 
  other researchers. We unexpectedly found other categories such as drug 
  discussion. These and other results of our study enhance our understanding 
  of how content is disseminated and perceived within a specific disease-based 
  community. We concluded that this information has useful implications in the 
  design of prevention campaigns, educational programs, and chronic disease 
   Keywords: Facebook; content analysis; health care internet; health 
    information; social network

                                                  Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 Feb 15.
11. Disparity in online health information in pediatric vs. adult 
     surgical conditions.
   Dee EC, Varady NH, Katz JN, Buchmiller TL
  BACKGROUND: Although the quality of online health information (OHI) for 
  adult surgical conditions is well described, the availability of quality OHI 
  for pediatric surgical conditions, and the comparison to that of adult 
  surgical OHI, remains undefined.
   METHODS: Medical and lay terms for 15 pediatric and 15 adult surgical 
  conditions were searched using Google in English. The Health on the Net 
  Foundation, a non-governmental OHI accreditation body, designates approval 
  for quality websites. We compared the role of patient population while 
  controlling for disease incidence (pediatric vs. adult), term complexity 
  (medical vs. lay), and order (earlier vs. later listing of websites) on 
  availability of quality OHI among the first 100 websites for each term.
   RESULTS: Among the first 100 websites, the adjusted mean number of quality 
  websites was 11.80 for pediatric vs. 17.92 for adult medical search terms, 
  and 13.27 for pediatric vs. 18.20 for adult lay search terms (P < 0.05 for 
  all). Term complexity did not affect quality, and earlier appearing results 
  were more likely to be of high quality.
   CONCLUSION: Availability of quality pediatric surgical OHI lags behind that 
  of adult surgical OHI, even when controlling for disease incidence. These 
  findings highlight the potential need for increased quality OHI in pediatric 
   Keywords: General surgery; Internet; Pediatric surgery; eHealth

                           J Surg Res. 2019 Feb 07. pii: S0022-4804(19)30039-3. 
12. A Comparative Multimetric Assessment of English and Spanish Carpal 
     Tunnel Syndrome Materials.
   Johnson AR, Doval AF, Granoff MD, Egeler SA, Bravo MG, Dowlatshahi AS, Lin 
   SJ, Lee BT
  BACKGROUND: Spanish-speaking Hispanics living in the United States utilize 
  the internet as a primary means to obtain health information. Accurate, 
  accessible information is important for English speakers; however, it could 
  have even greater utility for Spanish speakers who have lower health 
  literacy levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare online 
  English and Spanish carpal tunnel surgery materials provided by using a 
  multimetric approach.
   MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web search using the English term "carpal tunnel 
  surgery" was performed. The first 10 institutional/organizational websites 
  that provided carpal tunnel surgery information in English and Spanish were 
  included. All relevant online materials were evaluated using the Patient 
  Education and Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT), Cultural Sensitivity 
  Assessment Tool (CSAT), and Simplified Measure of Gobbledygook, Spanish 
  (SOL) to assess understandability and actionability, cultural sensitivity, 
  and readability, respectively.
   RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in 
  understandability or actionability scores between Spanish and English 
  materials. Average cultural sensitivity scores for Spanish materials were 
  significantly lower than English materials (P = 0.015). The average reading 
  grade level of online English materials was greater than that for Spanish 
  materials (P = 0.011). Both mean values were above the recommended 
  sixth-grade reading level.
   CONCLUSIONS: Online patient-directed information regarding carpal tunnel 
  surgery exceeded the recommended reading grade level for both English and 
  Spanish-speaking populations. Most Spanish materials were often direct 
  translations and were not contoured to the elevated literacy needs of this 
  demographic. Institutions must caution their authors to tailor their web 
  material in a way that is sensitive to their target population to optimize 
   Keywords: Carpal tunnel surgery; Cultural sensitivity; Health literacy; 
    Patient education; Readability; eHealth