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MEDLIB-L  July 2019, Week 1

MEDLIB-L July 2019, Week 1

Subject:

[bims-librar] 2019-07-07, thirty-six selections

From:

Thomas Krichel <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Thomas Krichel <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 7 Jul 2019 04:03:18 +0000

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text/plain

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bims-librar       Biomed News on Biomedical librarianship
─────────────────────────────┐
Issue of 2019‒07‒07          │ 
thirty-six papers selected by│
Thomas Krichel (Open Library │
 Society)                    │
 http://e.biomed.news/librar │
                             │
                             │
                             └──────────────────────────────────────────────────
────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

 1. Social justice and the medical librarian.
 2. Mind the gap: identifying what is missed when searching only the broad 
     scope with clinical queries.
 3. Mapping the literature of dental hygiene: an update.
 4. The complex nature of research dissemination practices among public 
     health faculty researchers.
 5. Professional development in evidence-based practice: course survey 
     results to inform administrative decision making.
 6. Dynamically generating T32 training documents using structured data.
 7. Humor in library instruction: a narrative review with implications for 
     the health sciences.
 8. A graduate's perspective on medical student journals.
 9. Building capacity for librarian support and addressing collaboration 
     challenges by formalizing library systematic review services.
10. What is genomic medicine?
11. Search results outliers among MEDLINE platforms.
12. A model for initiating research data management services at academic 
     libraries.
13. Clinician Job Searches in the Internet Era: Internet-Based Study.
14. Interprofessional collaboration between health sciences librarians 
     and health professions faculty to implement a book club discussion for 
     incoming students.
15. Needs assessment for improving library support for dentistry 
     researchers.
16. Differences in Perceptions of Health Information Between the Public 
     and Health Care Professionals: Nonprobability Sampling Questionnaire 
     Survey.
17. Keeping Dr. Charles Richard Drew's legacy alive.
18. lilacs search strategy for systematic reviews of diagnostic test 
     accuracy studies.
19. Involvement of information professionals in patient- and 
     family-centered care initiatives: a scoping review.
20. Alignment of library services with the research lifecycle.
21. Readability of online patient-based information on bariatric surgery.
22. Search Engine Queries for Pediatric Fever During "Cold and Flu" 
     Season.
23. Assessing the Understandability and Actionability of Online 
     Neurosurgical Patient Education Materials.
24. Deep Scaled Dot-Product Attention Based Domain Adaptation Model For 
     Biomedical Question Answering.
25. Patient-centered web-based information on oral lichen planus: Quality 
     and readability.
26. Improving community well-being through collaborative initiatives at a 
     medical library.
27. Measuring impostor phenomenon among health sciences librarians.
28. PubMed Text Similarity Model and its application to curation efforts 
     in the Conserved Domain Database.
29. Readability of influenza information online: Implications for 
     consumer health.
30. Exploring Environmental Health on Weibo: A Textual Analysis of 
     Framing Haze-Related Stories on Chinese Social Media.
31. Information seeking behavior and awareness among physicians regarding 
     drug information centers in Saudi Arabia.
32. The Internet as a Source of Health Information and Services.
33. On the Role of Question Summarization and Information Source 
     Restriction in Consumer Health Question Answering.
34. What the Health? Information Sources and Maternal Lifestyle Behaviors.
35. Low back pain websites do not meet the needs of consumers: A study of 
     online resources at three time points.
36. [A bibliometric analysis of research on occupational asthma during 
     1998 to 2017].

────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 291-303
 1. Social justice and the medical librarian.
   Martin ER
  This lecture discusses social justice and the role that medical librarians 
  can play in a democratic society. Social justice needs to be central to the 
  mission of medical librarianship and a core value of the profession. Medical 
  librarians must develop a new professional orientation: one that focuses on 
  cultural awareness or cultural consciousness that goes beyond ourselves and 
  our collections to that which focuses on the users of our libraries. We must 
  develop a commitment to addressing the issues of societal, relevant health 
  information. Using examples from medical education, this lecture makes the 
  case for social justice librarianship. This lecture also presents a pathway 
  for social justice medical librarianship, identifies fundamental roles and 
  activities in these areas, and offers strategies for individual librarians, 
  the Medical Library Association, and library schools for developing social 
  justice education and outcomes. The lecture advocates for an understanding 
  of and connection to social justice responsibilities for the medical library 
  profession and ends with a call to go beyond understanding to action. The 
  lecture emphasizes the lack of diversity in our profession and the 
  importance of diversity and inclusion for achieving social justice. The 
  lecture presents specific examples from some medical libraries to extend the 
  social justice mindset and to direct outreach, collections, archives, and 
  special collection services to expose previously hidden voices. If medical 
  librarians are to remain relevant in the future, we must act to address the 
  lack of diversity in our profession and use our information resources, 
  spaces, and expertise to solve the relevant societal issues of today.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.712
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258435

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 333-340
 2. Mind the gap: identifying what is missed when searching only the broad 
     scope with clinical queries.
   Sperr EV
  Objective: The PubMed Clinical Study Category filters are subdivided into 
  "Broad" and "Narrow" versions that are designed to maximize either 
  sensitivity or specificity by using two different sets of keywords and 
  Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). A searcher might assume that all items 
  retrieved by Narrow would also be found by Broad, but there are occasions 
  when some [Filter name]/Narrow citations are missed when using [Filter 
  name]/Broad alone. This study quantifies the size of this effect.
   Methods: For each of the five Clinical Study Categories, PubMed was searched 
  for citations matching the query Filter/Narrow NOT Filter/Broad. This number 
  was compared with that for Filter/Broad to compute the number of Narrow 
  citations missed per 1,000 Broad. This process was repeated for the MeSH 
  terms for "Medicine" and "Diseases," as well as for a set of individual test 
  searches.
   Results: The Clinical Study Category filters for Etiology, Clinical 
  Prediction Guides, Diagnosis, and Prognosis all showed notable numbers of 
  Filter/Narrow citations that were missed when searching Filter/Broad alone. 
  This was particularly true for Prognosis, where a searcher could easily miss 
  one Prognosis/Narrow citation for every ten Prognosis/Broad citations 
  retrieved.
   Conclusions: Users of the Clinical Study Category filters (except for 
  Therapy) should consider combining Filter/Narrow together with Filter/Broad 
  in their search strategy. This is particularly true when using 
  Prognosis/Broad, as otherwise there is a substantial risk of missing 
  potentially relevant citations.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.589
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258439

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 374-383
 3. Mapping the literature of dental hygiene: an update.
   Watwood CL, Dean T
  Objective: This study updates Haaland's 1999 dental hygiene mapping study. 
  By identifying core journals and estimating database coverage, it 
  characterizes changes in dental hygiene research and aids librarians in 
  collection development and user education.
   Method: Cited references from a three-year (2015-2017) sample of core dental 
  hygiene journals were collected, categorized into five formats, and analyzed 
  by format and publication year according to Bradford's Law of Scattering. 
  CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were surveyed to determine the indexing 
  coverage of cited journals.
   Results: The number of cited journal titles increased from 389 in 1999 to 
  1,675 in 2018. Core Zone 1 titles increased from 5 to 11. Journal article 
  citations increased from 69.5% of all citations in 1999 to 78.4% in the 
  present study, whereas book citations decreased from 18.1% to 5.1%. A newly 
  added category, "Internet sources," accounted for 8.4% of citations. 
  Overall, 68.6% of citations were 10 years or younger versus 71.4% in 1999. 
  Most Zone 1 and Zone 2 journals were specific to dentistry or dental hygiene.
   Conclusion: Notable changes since 1999 were an increased volume of 
  literature and a shift from print to online sources, reflecting improved 
  accessibility of the literature and greater Internet use. From 1999 to 2018, 
  citations to journal articles increased, books decreased, websites appeared, 
  and government publications increased slightly. These findings indicate that 
  dental hygiene research is growing and that indexing coverage for this field 
  has improved dramatically in the past two decades.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.562
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258443

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 341-351
 4. The complex nature of research dissemination practices among public 
     health faculty researchers.
   Hanneke R, Link JM
  Objective: This study explores the variety of information formats used and 
  audiences targeted by public health faculty in the process of disseminating 
  research.
   Methods: The authors conducted semi-structured interviews with twelve 
  faculty members in the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois 
  at Chicago, asking them about their research practices, habits, and 
  preferences.
   Results: Faculty scholars disseminate their research findings in a variety 
  of formats intended for multiple audiences, including not only their peers 
  in academia, but also public health practitioners, policymakers, government 
  and other agencies, and community partners.
   Conclusion: Librarians who serve public health faculty should bear in mind 
  the diversity of faculty's information needs when designing and improving 
  library services and resources, particularly those related to research 
  dissemination and knowledge translation. Promising areas for growth in 
  health sciences libraries include supporting data visualization, measuring 
  the impact of non-scholarly publications, and promoting institutional 
  repositories for dissemination of research.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.524
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258440

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 394-402
 5. Professional development in evidence-based practice: course survey 
     results to inform administrative decision making.
   Lauseng DL, Howard C, Johnson EM
  Objective: To understand librarians' evidence-based practice (EBP) 
  professional development needs and assist library administrators with 
  professional development decisions in their own institutions, the study team 
  surveyed past participants of an EBP online course. This study aimed to (1) 
  understand what course content participants found valuable, (2) discover how 
  participants applied their course learning to their work, and (3) identify 
  which aspects of EBP would be beneficial for future continuing education.
   Methods: The study team distributed an eighteen-question survey to past 
  participants of the course (2011-2017). The survey covered nontraditional 
  demographic information, course evaluations, course content applications to 
  participants' work, additional EBP training, and EBP topics for future CE 
  opportunities. The study team analyzed the results using descriptive 
  statistics.
   Results: Twenty-nine percent of course participants, representing different 
  library environments, responded to the survey. Eighty-five percent of 
  respondents indicated that they had prior EBP training. The most valuable 
  topics were searching the literature (62%) and developing a problem, 
  intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) question (59%). Critical appraisal 
  was highly rated for further professional development. Fifty-three percent 
  indicated change in their work efforts after participating in the course. 
  Ninety-seven percent noted interest in further EBP continuing education.
   Conclusions: Survey respondents found value in both familiar and unfamiliar 
  EBP topics, which supported the idea of using professional development for 
  learning new concepts and reinforcing existing knowledge and skills. When 
  given the opportunity to engage in these activities, librarians can 
  experience new or expanded EBP work roles and responsibilities. 
  Additionally, the results provide library administrators insights into the 
  benefit of EBP professional development.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.628
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258445

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 420-424
 6. Dynamically generating T32 training documents using structured data.
   Albert PJ, Joshi A
  Background: The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) funds academic 
  institutions for training doctoral (PhD) students and postdoctoral fellows. 
  These training grants, known as T32 grants, require schools to create, in a 
  particular format, seven or eight Word documents describing the program and 
  its participants. Weill Cornell Medicine aimed to use structured name and 
  citation data to dynamically generate tables, thus saving administrators 
  time.
   Case Presentation: The author's team collected identity and publication 
  metadata from existing systems of record, including our student information 
  system and previous T32 submissions. These data were fed into our ReCiter 
  author disambiguation engine. Well-structured bibliographic metadata, 
  including the rank of the target author, were output and stored in a MySQL 
  database. We then ran a database query that output a Word extensible markup 
  (XML) document according to NIH's specifications. We generated the T32 
  training document using a query that ties faculty listed on a grant 
  submission with publications that they and their mentees authored, bolding 
  author names as required. Because our source data are well-structured and 
  well-defined, the only parameter needed in the query is a single identifier 
  for the grant itself. The open source code for producing this document is at http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.259354 
  5.
   Conclusions: Manually writing a table for T32 grant submissions is a 
  substantial administrative burden; some documents generated in this manner 
  exceed 150 pages. Provided they have a source for structured identity and 
  publication data, administrators can use the T32 Table Generator to readily 
  output a table.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.401
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258448

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 304-313
 7. Humor in library instruction: a narrative review with implications for 
     the health sciences.
   Azadbakht E
  Objective: The review sought to gain a better understanding of humor's use 
  and impact as a teaching and learning strategy in academic library and 
  health sciences instruction and to determine if the most common techniques 
  across both disciplines can be adapted to increase engagement in medical 
  libraries' information literacy efforts.
   Methods: This narrative review involved retrieving citations from several 
  subject databases, including Library, Information Science & Technology 
  Abstracts; Information Science & Technology Abstracts; Library & Information 
  Science Source; PubMed; and CINAHL. The author limited her review to those 
  publications that explicitly addressed the use of humor in relation to some 
  form of academic library or health sciences instruction. Studies examining 
  use of humor in patient education were excluded.
   Results: Scholars and practitioners have consistently written about humor as 
  an instructional strategy from the 1980s onward, in both the library 
  literature and health sciences literature. These authors have focused on 
  instructors' attitudes, benefits to students, anecdotes, and best practices 
  summaries. Overall, both librarians and health sciences educators have a 
  positive opinion of humor, and many instructors make use of it in their 
  classrooms, though caution and careful planning is advised.
   Conclusions: Commonalities between the library and information science 
  literature and health sciences literature provide a cohesive set of best 
  practices and strategies for successfully incorporating comedy into library 
  instruction sessions. Health sciences librarians can adapt several of the 
  most commonly used types of instructional humor (e.g., silly examples, 
  cartoons, storytelling, etc.) to their own contexts with minimal risk.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.608
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258436

                                                    J Postgrad Med. 2019 Jul 03.
 8. A graduate's perspective on medical student journals.
   Abu-Zaid A
  Medical student journals (MSJs) refer to a cluster of entirely student-led 
  periodicals that publish student-authored articles. A recent review showed 
  that MSJs characteristically employ a student-friendly and feeble peer 
  review process, which is largely associated with poor quality of published 
  articles. Herein, as a graduate medical student, I call on peer medical 
  students to make an informed decision in refraining from submitting their 
  research work to MSJs for four primary reasons. These reasons, generally, 
  include: 1) opaque peer-review process, 2) lack of MEDLINE® indexing, 3) 
  absence of official journal impact factor scores, and 4) poor article 
  visibility and exposure to scientific community. Furthermore, I encourage 
  students to take advantage of the existing opportunities provided by the 
  professional MEDLINE®-indexed journals in disseminating their research work. 
  These opportunities include: 1) the absolute welcoming calls for 
  student-authored contributions, and 2) the designated 'student contribution 
  corners'. Lastly, I succinctly highlight the joint duties of medical 
  schools, undergraduate research committees, institutional review boards and 
  mentors in publishing the student-authored research work in the professional 
  journals, rather than the MSJs.
   Keywords: Publication; medical student journals; research
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_278_19
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31267987

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 411-419
 9. Building capacity for librarian support and addressing collaboration 
     challenges by formalizing library systematic review services.
   McKeown S, Ross-White A
  Background: Many health sciences librarians are noticing an increase in 
  demand for systematic review support. Developing a strategic approach to 
  supporting systematic review activities can address commonly reported 
  barriers and challenges including time factors, methodological issues, and 
  supporting student-led projects.
   Case Presentation: This case report describes how a health sciences library 
  at a mid-sized university developed and implemented a structured and defined 
  systematic review service in order to build capacity for increased librarian 
  support and to maximize librarians' time and expertise. The process also 
  revealed underlying collaboration challenges related to student-led 
  systematic reviews and research quality concerns that needed to be 
  addressed. The steps for developing a formal service included defining the 
  librarian's role and a library service model, building librarian expertise, 
  developing documentation to guide librarians and patrons, piloting and 
  revising the service model, marketing and promoting the service, and 
  evaluating service usage.
   Conclusions: The two-tiered service model developed for advisory 
  consultation and collaboration provides a framework for supporting 
  systematic review activities that other libraries can adapt to meet their 
  own needs. Librarian autonomy in deciding whether to collaborate on reviews 
  based on defined and explicit considerations was crucial for maximizing 
  librarians' time and expertise and for promoting higher quality research. 
  Monitoring service usage will be imperative for managing existing and future 
  librarian workload. These data and tracking of research outputs from 
  librarian collaborations may also be used to advocate for new librarian 
  positions.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.443
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258447

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 442-448
10. What is genomic medicine?
   Roth SC
  Genomic medicine is rapidly changing the future of medicine. Medical 
  librarians need to understand this field of research and keep current with 
  its latest advancements. Even if they are not directly involved in genomic 
  medicine, librarians can play an integral role by helping health care 
  consumers and practitioners who may also need to expand their knowledge in 
  this area. This article provides a basic introduction to genomic medicine, 
  gives a brief overview of its recent advancements, and briefly describes 
  some of the ethical, legal, and social implications of this emerging area of 
  research and practice.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.604
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258451

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 364-373
11. Search results outliers among MEDLINE platforms.
   Burns CS, Shapiro RM, Nix T, Huber JT
  Objective: Hypothetically, content in MEDLINE records is consistent across 
  multiple platforms. Though platforms have different interfaces and 
  requirements for query syntax, results should be similar when the syntax is 
  controlled for across the platforms. The authors investigated how search 
  result counts varied when searching records among five MEDLINE platforms.
   Methods: We created 29 sets of search queries targeting various metadata 
  fields and operators. Within search sets, we adapted 5 distinct, compatible 
  queries to search 5 MEDLINE platforms (PubMed, ProQuest, EBSCOhost, Web of 
  Science, and Ovid), totaling 145 final queries. The 5 queries were designed 
  to be logically and semantically equivalent and were modified only to match 
  platform syntax requirements. We analyzed the result counts and compared 
  PubMed's MEDLINE result counts to result counts from the other platforms. We 
  identified outliers by measuring the result count deviations using modified 
  z-scores centered around PubMed's MEDLINE results.
   Results: Web of Science and ProQuest searches were the most likely to 
  deviate from the equivalent PubMed searches. EBSCOhost and Ovid were less 
  likely to deviate from PubMed searches. Ovid's results were the most 
  consistent with PubMed's but appeared to apply an indexing algorithm that 
  resulted in lower retrieval sets among equivalent searches in PubMed. Web of 
  Science exhibited problems with exploding or not exploding Medical Subject 
  Headings (MeSH) terms.
   Conclusion: Platform enhancements among interfaces affect record retrieval 
  and challenge the expectation that MEDLINE platforms should, by default, be 
  treated as MEDLINE. Substantial inconsistencies in search result counts, as 
  demonstrated here, should raise concerns about the impact of 
  platform-specific influences on search results.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.622
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258442

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 432-441
12. A model for initiating research data management services at academic 
     libraries.
   Read KB, Koos J, Miller RS, Miller CF, Phillips GA, Scheinfeld L, Surkis A
  Background: Librarians developed a pilot program to provide training, 
  resources, strategies, and support for medical libraries seeking to 
  establish research data management (RDM) services. Participants were 
  required to complete eight educational modules to provide the necessary 
  background in RDM. Each participating institution was then required to use 
  two of the following three elements: (1) a template and strategies for data 
  interviews, (2) the Teaching Toolkit to teach an introductory RDM class, or 
  (3) strategies for hosting a data class series.
   Case Presentation: Six libraries participated in the pilot, with between two 
  and eight librarians participating from each institution. Librarians from 
  each institution completed the online training modules. Each institution 
  conducted between six and fifteen data interviews, which helped build 
  connections with researchers, and taught between one and five introductory 
  RDM classes. All classes received very positive evaluations from attendees. 
  Two libraries conducted a data series, with one bringing in instructors from 
  outside the library.
   Conclusion: The pilot program proved successful in helping participating 
  librarians learn about and engage with their research communities, 
  jump-start their teaching of RDM, and develop institutional partnerships 
  around RDM services. The practical, hands-on approach of this pilot proved 
  to be successful in helping libraries with different environments establish 
  RDM services. The success of this pilot provides a proven path forward for 
  libraries that are developing data services at their own institutions.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.545
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258450

                                  J Med Internet Res. 2019 Jul 05. 21(7): e12638
13. Clinician Job Searches in the Internet Era: Internet-Based Study.
   Gillum S, Williams N, Brink B, Ross E
  BACKGROUND: Traditional methods using print media and commercial firms for 
  clinician recruiting are often limited by cost, slow pace, and suboptimal 
  results. An efficient and fiscally sound approach is needed for searching 
  online to recruit clinicians.
   OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the Web-based methods by which 
  clinicians might be searching for jobs in a broad range of specialties and 
  how academic medical centers can advertise clinical job openings to 
  prominently appear on internet searches that would yield the greatest return 
  on investment.
   METHODS: We used a search engine (Google) to identify 8 query terms for each 
  of the specialties and specialists (eg, dermatology and dermatologist) to 
  determine internet job search methodologies for 12 clinical disciplines. 
  Searches were conducted, and the data used for analysis were the first 20 
  results.
   RESULTS: In total, 176 searches were conducted at varying times over the 
  course of several months, and 3520 results were recorded. The following 4 
  types of websites appeared in the top 10 search results across all 
  specialties searched, accounting for 52.27% (920/1760) of the results: (1) a 
  single no-cost job aggregator (229/1760, 13.01%); (2) 2 prominent 
  journal-based paid digital job listing services (157/1760, 8.92% and 
  91/1760, 5.17%, respectively); (3) a fee-based Web-based agency (137/1760, 
  7.78%) offering candidate profiles; and (4) society-based paid 
  advertisements (totaling 306/1760, 17.38%). These sites accounted for 75.45% 
  (664/880) of results limited to the top 5 results. Repetitive short-term 
  testing yielded similar results with minor changes in the rank order.
   CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of our findings, we offer a specific financially 
  prudent internet strategy for both clinicians searching the internet for 
  employment and employers hiring clinicians in academic medical centers.
   Keywords: academic medical centers; internet; personnel selection
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12638
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31278735

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 403-410
14. Interprofessional collaboration between health sciences librarians 
     and health professions faculty to implement a book club discussion for 
     incoming students.
   Haley J, McCall RC, Zomorodi M, de Saxe Zerdan L, Moreton B, Richardson L
  Background: The following case example provides an overview of one 
  innovative way to engage health professions faculty with health sciences 
  librarians in the development of an interprofessional book discussion and 
  identifies strategies to address implementation challenges. Academic health 
  sciences librarians worked with the Interprofessional Education (IPE) 
  Steering Committee to organize interprofessional book discussion groups for 
  incoming health professions students. This inaugural book discussion brought 
  together students and faculty of different disciplines to engage students in 
  "learning from, with, and about" other professions.
   Case Presentation: When Breath Becomes Air, by Paul Kalanithi, allowed 
  involved discussions on important health sciences issues. The project 
  included outreach, designing pre- and post-surveys, scheduling participants, 
  and communicating with all participants before, during, and after the event. 
  A total of seventy-nine students and thirty-six faculty, representing all 
  health professions schools, participated in the small group IPE book 
  discussions over two weeks.
   Conclusions: Small group book discussions have been shown to be an effective 
  tool to engage students and faculty in IPE. The results of the participant 
  surveys were positive, and the IPE Steering Committee found value in 
  including health sciences librarians throughout the process. Lessons learned 
  from the pilot project include needing an efficient scheduling system, 
  strongly communicating at all stages of the project, and starting the 
  planning process months ahead of time. The IPE Steering Committee plans to 
  conduct similar book discussions every fall semester moving forward and 
  explore options for other IPE events.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.563
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258446

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 352-363
15. Needs assessment for improving library support for dentistry 
     researchers.
   He HY, Gerbig M, Kirby S
  Objective: To better support dentistry researchers in the ever-changing 
  landscape of scholarly research, academic librarians need to redefine their 
  roles and discover new ways to be involved at each stage of the research 
  cycle. A needs assessment survey was conducted to evaluate faculty members' 
  research support needs and allow a more targeted approach to the development 
  of research services in an academic health sciences library.
   Methods: The anonymous, web-based survey was distributed via email to 
  full-time researchers at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto. 
  The survey included twenty questions inquiring about researchers' needs and 
  behaviors across three stages of the research cycle: funding and grant 
  applications, publication and dissemination, and research impact assessment. 
  Data were also collected on researchers' use of grey literature to identify 
  whether current library efforts to support researchers should be improved in 
  this area.
   Results: Among library services, researchers considered support for funding 
  and grant applications most valuable and grey literature support least 
  valuable. Researcher engagement with open access publishing models was low, 
  and few participants had self-archived their publications in the 
  university's institutional repository. Participants reported low interest in 
  altmetrics, and few used online tools to promote or share their research 
  results.
   Conclusions: Findings indicate that increased efforts should be made to 
  promote and develop services for funding and grant applications. New 
  services are needed to assist researchers in maximizing their research 
  impact and to increase researcher awareness of the benefits of open access 
  publishing models, self-archiving, and altmetrics.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.556
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258441

                                  J Med Internet Res. 2019 Jul 03. 21(7): e14105
16. Differences in Perceptions of Health Information Between the Public 
     and Health Care Professionals: Nonprobability Sampling Questionnaire 
     Survey.
   Gesser-Edelsburg A, Abed Elhadi Shahbari N, Cohen R, Mir Halavi A, Hijazi 
   R, Paz-Yaakobovitch G, Birman Y
  BACKGROUND: In the new media age, the public searches for information both 
  online and offline. Many studies have examined how the public reads and 
  understands this information but very few investigate how people assess the 
  quality of journalistic articles as opposed to information generated by 
  health professionals.
   OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine how public health care 
  workers (HCWs) and the general public seek, read, and understand health 
  information and to investigate the criteria by which they assess the quality 
  of journalistic articles.
   METHODS: A Web-based nonprobability sampling questionnaire survey was 
  distributed to Israeli HCWs and members of the public via 3 social media 
  outlets: Facebook, WhatsApp, and Instagram. A total of 979 respondents 
  participated in the online survey via the Qualtrics XM platform.
   RESULTS: The findings indicate that HCWs find academic articles more 
  reliable than do members of the general public (44.4% and 28.4%, 
  respectively, P<.001). Within each group, we found disparities between the 
  places where people search for information and the sources they consider 
  reliable. HCWs consider academic articles to be the most reliable, yet these 
  are not their main information sources. In addition, HCWs often use social 
  networks to search for information (18.2%, P<.001), despite considering them 
  very unreliable (only 2.2% found them reliable, P<.001). The same paradoxes 
  were found among the general public, where 37.5% (P<.001) seek information 
  via social networks yet only 8.4% (P<.001) find them reliable. Out of 6 
  quality criteria, 4 were important both to HCWs and to the general public.
   CONCLUSIONS: In the new media age where information is accessible to all, 
  the quality of articles about health is of critical importance. It is 
  important that the criteria examined in this research become the norm in 
  health writing for all stakeholders who write about health, whether they are 
  professional journalists or citizen journalists writing in the new media.
   Keywords: Web-based and newspaper health information sources; health 
    information-seeking; journalistic articles; public healthcare workers and 
    the general public; quality criteria for health journalists; reading and 
    understanding
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/14105
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31271145

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 449-453
17. Keeping Dr. Charles Richard Drew's legacy alive.
   Parker-Kelly D, Hobbs CP
  The Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science (CDU) recently 
  celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. The university was established to honor 
  Dr. Charles Richard Drew, a pioneer in blood banking. As a tribute to the 
  legacy of CDU and Dr. Drew, the CDU Health Sciences Library examined how CDU 
  is keeping Dr. Drew's legacy alive.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.726
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258452

                                                Health Info Libr J. 2019 Jul 04.
18. lilacs search strategy for systematic reviews of diagnostic test 
     accuracy studies.
   Pereira RA, Puga MEDS, Atallah ÁN, Macedo EC, Macedo CR
  BACKGROUND: There are few publications on search strategies to identify 
  diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) studies in lilacs.
   OBJECTIVE: To translate and customise medline search strategies for use in 
  lilacs and assess their retrieval of studies in Cochrane DTA systematic 
  reviews.
   METHOD: We developed a six-step process to translate and customise medline 
  search strategies for use in lilacs (iAHx interface). We identified medline 
  search strategies of published Cochrane DTA reviews, translated/customised 
  them for use in lilacs, ran searches in lilacs and compared the retrieval 
  results of our translated search strategy versus the one used in the 
  published reviews.
   RESULTS: Our lilacs search strategies translated/customised from the medline 
  strategies retrieved studies in 70 Cochrane DTA reviews. Only 29 of these 
  reviews stated that they had searched the lilacs database and 21 published 
  their lilacs search strategies. Few had used the lilacs database search 
  tools, none exploded the subject headings, and 86% used only English terms.
   CONCLUSION: Translating and tailoring a medline search strategy for the 
  lilacs database resulted in the retrieval of DTA studies that would have 
  been missed otherwise.
   Keywords: access to information; databases as topic; diagnosis; review; 
    review literature as topic; search engine
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12263
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31271504

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 314-322
19. Involvement of information professionals in patient- and 
     family-centered care initiatives: a scoping review.
   DeRosa AP, Nelson BB, Delgado D, Mages KC, Martin L, Stribling JC
  Objective: The goal of this scoping review was to collect data on patient- 
  and family-centered care (PFCC) programs and initiatives that have included 
  the direct involvement of librarians and information professionals to 
  determine how librarians are involved in PFCC and highlight opportunities 
  for librarians to support PFCC programs.
   Methods: Systematic literature searches were conducted in seven scholarly 
  databases in the information, medical, and social sciences. Studies were 
  included if they (1) described initiatives presented explicitly as PFCC 
  programs and (2) involved an information professional or librarian in the 
  PFCC initiative or program. Based on the definition of PFCC provided by the 
  Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care, the authors developed a 
  custom code sheet to organize data elements into PFCC categories or 
  initiatives and outcomes. Other extracted data elements included how the 
  information professional became involved in the program and a narrative 
  description of the initiatives or programs.
   Results: All included studies (n=12) identified patient education or 
  information-sharing as an integral component of their PFCC initiatives. 
  Librarians were noted to contribute to shared decision-making through direct 
  patient consultation, provision of health literacy education, and 
  information delivery to both provider and patient with the goal of fostering 
  collaborative communication.
   Conclusions: The synthesis of available evidence to date suggests that 
  librarians and information professionals should focus on patient education 
  and information-sharing to support both patients or caregivers and clinical 
  staff. The burgeoning efforts in participatory care and inclusion of 
  patients in the decision-making process pose a unique opportunity for 
  librarians and information professionals to offer more personalized 
  information services.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.652
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258437

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 384-393
20. Alignment of library services with the research lifecycle.
   Ragon B
  Objectives: This study sought to understand the needs of biomedical 
  researchers related to the research lifecycle and the present state of 
  library support for biomedical research.
   Methods: Qualitative interview data were collected from biomedical 
  researchers who were asked to describe their research activities from 
  identifying a problem to measuring the impact of their findings. Health 
  sciences library leaders were surveyed about the services that they 
  currently provide or plan to provide in supporting biomedical research.
   Results: Library services were strongest at the beginning and end of the 
  research lifecycle but were weaker in the conducting phase of research. 
  Co-occurrence of codes from the qualitative data suggests that library 
  services are on the fringe of rather than integrated into the research 
  lifecycle.
   Discussion: Findings from this study suggest that tradition-based service 
  models of health sciences libraries are insufficient to meet the needs of 
  biomedical researchers. Investments by libraries in services that integrate 
  with the conducting phase of research are needed for libraries to remain 
  relevant in their support of the research lifecycle.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.595
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258444

                                     Health Promot Perspect. 2019 ;9(2): 156-160
21. Readability of online patient-based information on bariatric surgery.
   Meleo-Erwin Z, Basch C, Fera J, Ethan D, Garcia P
  Background: Web-based patient education literature has been shown to be 
  written at reading levels far above what is recommended. Little is known 
  about the overall readability of current internet-based bariatric surgery 
  information. The purpose of this study was to assess the readability of 
  current bariatric material on the internet. Methods: The term "weight loss 
  surgery" was searched using the Chrome browser on the first 15pages of URLs 
  that appeared with content written in English. Using five readability 
  measures, scores were generated using Readable.io for written content on a 
  sample of 96 websites. Scores were sorted into the readability categories of 
  "easy," "average," and "difficult." Results: Almost 93% of websites, both 
  .com and .org, sampled received an unacceptable readability score on each 
  assessment. Conclusion: Accurate and appropriate information about bariatric 
  procedures is critical for patient comprehension and adherence to 
  recommended protocols.
   Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Health literacy; Obesity; Online information; 
    Readability
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.15171/hpp.2019.22
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31249804

                                               Cureus. 2019 Apr 16. 11(4): e4464
22. Search Engine Queries for Pediatric Fever During "Cold and Flu" 
     Season.
   Niforatos JD, Pescatore R
  Introduction Pediatric fever is the most common chief complaint in patients 
  under 15 years old. The objective of this paper is to characterize public 
  search trends for pediatric fever in the United States using Google search 
  engine queries. Methods and materials A cross-sectional survey of Google 
  Trends searches for "toddler fever" was conducted from October 2018 to 
  January 2019 during "cold and flu" season. Information collected included 
  "Related Topics" and "Related Queries", which includes additional searches 
  by individuals who searched for "toddler fever". Data are described in the 
  results using Google's relative popularity. Results For this study, 91 weeks 
  of data were queried. The median relative popularity over this time period 
  was 65 (interquartile range, 58 - 74.5) out of 100. Individuals searching 
  for this term also searched thematically for characterizations and 
  descriptors of fever, types of symptoms associated with fever, and various 
  treatments for fever. Conclusion The results of this study revealed an 
  increased frequency of search engine queries for descriptors and qualifiers 
  of symptoms associated with pediatric illness during the "cold and flu" 
  season. Frequently queried terms suggest a need for increased health 
  literacy regarding pediatric fever in the United States and may represent a 
  need for further national educational resources.
   Keywords: google trends; health literacy; pediatric fever; search engine 
    queries
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4464
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31249742

                      World Neurosurg. 2019 Jun 28. pii: S1878-8750(19)31823-6. 
23. Assessing the Understandability and Actionability of Online 
     Neurosurgical Patient Education Materials.
   Ramos CL, Williams JE, Bababekov YJ, Chang DC, Carter BS, Jones PS
  BACKGROUND: Most Americans consult the internet to address their health 
  concerns. Limited health literacy among the public highlights the need for 
  patient education websites to deliver understandable health information. We 
  assessed the understandability and actionability of online neurosurgical 
  patient education materials (PEMs) provided by the AANS and MedlinePlus.
   METHODS: Articles on neurosurgical conditions and treatments listed on both 
  the AANS site and MedlinePlus were analyzed. Two reviewers scored articles 
  using two validated health literacy tools, the CDC's Clear Communication 
  Index (CCI) and the AHRQ's Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool 
  (PEMAT). These tools evaluate the quality of written health information and 
  assess for content, organization, and actionability of PEMs.
   RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight articles were evaluated from the AANS 
  (n=61) and MedlinePlus (n=77). The median CCI score for MedlinePlus and AANS 
  articles was 68.9 [IQR 62.5-81.3] and 56.3 [46.7-73.7], respectively 
  (p<0.001). Only one article scored ≥90%, the CCI threshold for PEM's to be 
  considered easy-to-read. While the AANS and Medline performed similarly on 
  the understandability component of the PEMAT (66.7 [53.8-69.2] vs 69.2 
  [66.7-83.3], respectively; p <0.001), significant differences were observed 
  for the actionability section of the PEMAT (Medline 60 [60-60] vs AANS 0 
  [0-60]; p <0.001). Less than 13% of articles provided summaries, visual 
  aids, and tangible tools to aid patient action.
   CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgical online PEM's may be difficult to understand and 
  potentially act as barriers for patients' engagement with health systems. 
  There is a need to deliver patient-centered health information that 
  effectively informs patients, aiding in meaningful health-decision making.
   Keywords: CCI; PEMAT; health literacy; neurosurgery; patient education 
    materials
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.166
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31260846

         Methods. 2019 Jun 25. pii: S1046-2023(19)30029-5. [Epub ahead of print]
24. Deep Scaled Dot-Product Attention Based Domain Adaptation Model For 
     Biomedical Question Answering.
   Du Y, Pei B, Zhao X, Ji J
  Biomedical text mining is becoming increasingly important as the number of 
  biomedical documents grow rapidly. Deep learning has boosted the development 
  of biomedical text mining models. However, as deep learning models require a 
  large amount of training data, a hierarchical attention based transfer 
  learning model is proposed in this paper for the question answering task in 
  biomedical field which lacks of sufficient training data. We adopt BERT 
  (Bidirectional Encoder Representation Transformers), which has the ability 
  to learn from large-scale unsupervised data, to enrich the semantic 
  representation in our model. Especially, the scaled dot-product attention 
  mechanism captures the question interaction clues for passage encoding. The 
  domain adaptation technique of fine-tuning is used to reinforce the 
  performance, which penalizes the deviations from the source model's 
  parameters and remembers the knowledge of source domain. We evaluate the 
  system performance on the open data set of BioASQ-Task B. The results show 
  that our system achieves the state-of-the-art performance without any 
  handcrafted features and outperforms the best solution for factoid questions 
  in 2016 and 2017 BioASQ-Task B.
   Keywords: BERT; Biomedical Question Answering; Scaled Dot-Product 
    Attention; Transfer learning
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2019.06.024
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31252060

                    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2019 Jul 01. 24(4): e461-e467
25. Patient-centered web-based information on oral lichen planus: Quality 
     and readability.
   Lorenzo-Pouso AI, Pérez-Sayáns M, Kujan O, Castelo-Baz P, 
   Chamorro-Petronacci C, García-García A, Blanco-Carrión A
  BACKGROUND: To assess the readability and quality of web-based information 
  available for patients about oral lichen planus (OLP).
   MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three major search engines (Google, Bing and Yahoo!) 
  were used to identify websites of particular interest to the study using the 
  search term 'oral lichen planus'. The first 100 sites of each search engine 
  were considered for the study. The quality of the contents was evaluated 
  using the DISCERN instrument. The Flesch-Kinkaid Reading Grade Level (FKRGL) 
  and the Flesh Reading Ease Score (FRES) were used to assess readability. The 
  presence of the Health on the Net (HON) seal was also evaluated.
   RESULTS: Following the application of the study's exclusion criteria, only 
  28 websites were compiled for further analysis. The median of the DISCERN 
  instrument was 3 [2-3] which means serious or potentially important 
  shortcoming in the quality of the information. Readability indexes pointed 
  to a high reading difficulty (FRES: 48.14±11.22; FKRGL:11.13±2.90).
   CONCLUSIONS: The information provided by the Internet to the general public 
  regarding OLP has major deficits in terms of quality, and at the same time 
  is difficult for a comprehensive reading. Further studies are warranted to 
  test well-produced patient-centered information on OLP.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.22992
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31246939

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 425-431
26. Improving community well-being through collaborative initiatives at a 
     medical library.
   Funaro MC, Rojiani R, Norton MJ
  Background: In an increasingly digital age, the role of the library is 
  changing to better serve its community. The authors' library serves health 
  care professionals who experience high levels of stress due to everyday 
  demands of work or study, which can have negative impacts on physical and 
  mental health. Our library is committed to serving the needs of our 
  community by identifying opportunities to improve their well-being.
   Case Presentation: Librarians at the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical 
  Library at Yale University developed a group mindfulness program and a space 
  for self-defined personal care to assist health care professionals in 
  alleviating stress. Surveys were used to evaluate the mindfulness program 
  and self-care space.
   Conclusions: We successfully implemented two collaborative wellness and 
  self-care initiatives with students and other stakeholders, as demonstrated 
  by program attendance, diverse space use, and positive survey responses for 
  both initiatives. While these endeavors do not replace the need to challenge 
  structural problems at the root of stress in the health care professions, 
  this case report offers a blueprint for other medical libraries to support 
  the well-being of their communities.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.486
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258449

                                      J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Jul;107(3): 323-332
27. Measuring impostor phenomenon among health sciences librarians.
   Barr-Walker J, Bass MB, Werner DA, Kellermeyer L
  Objective: Impostor phenomenon, also known as impostor syndrome, is the 
  inability to internalize accomplishments while experiencing the fear of 
  being exposed as a fraud. Previous work has examined impostor phenomenon 
  among academic college and research librarians, but health sciences 
  librarians, who are often asked to be experts in medical subject areas with 
  minimal training or education in these areas, have not yet been studied. The 
  aim of this study was to measure impostor phenomenon among health sciences 
  librarians.
   Methods: A survey of 2,125 eligible Medical Library Association (MLA) 
  members was taken from October to December 2017. The online survey featuring 
  the Harvey Impostor Phenomenon scale, a validated measure of impostor 
  phenomenon, was administered, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was 
  used to examine relationships between impostor phenomenon scores and 
  demographic variables.
   Results: A total of 703 participants completed the survey (33% response 
  rate), and 14.5% of participants scored ≥42 on the Harvey scale, indicating 
  possible impostor feelings. Gender, race, and library setting showed no 
  associations, but having an educational background in the health sciences 
  was associated with lower impostor scores. Age and years of experience were 
  inversely correlated with impostor phenomenon, with younger and newer 
  librarians demonstrating higher scores.
   Conclusions: One out of seven health sciences librarians in this study 
  experienced impostor phenomenon, similar to previous findings for academic 
  librarians. Librarians, managers, and MLA can work to recognize and address 
  this issue by raising awareness, using early prevention methods, and 
  supporting librarians who are younger and/or new to the profession.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jmla.2019.644
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258438

          Database (Oxford). 2019 Jan 01. pii: baz064. [Epub ahead of print]2019
28. PubMed Text Similarity Model and its application to curation efforts 
     in the Conserved Domain Database.
   Islamaj R, Wilbur WJ, Xie N, Gonzales NR, Thanki N, Yamashita R, Zheng C, 
   Marchler-Bauer A, Lu Z
  This study proposes a text similarity model to help biocuration efforts of 
  the Conserved Domain Database (CDD). CDD is a curated resource that catalogs 
  annotated multiple sequence alignment models for ancient domains and 
  full-length proteins. These models allow for fast searching and quick 
  identification of conserved motifs in protein sequences via Reverse 
  PSI-BLAST. In addition, CDD curators prepare summaries detailing the 
  function of these conserved domains and specific protein families, based on 
  published peer-reviewed articles. To facilitate information access for 
  database users, it is desirable to specifically identify the referenced 
  articles that support the assertions of curator-composed sentences. 
  Moreover, CDD curators desire an alert system that scans the newly published 
  literature and proposes related articles of relevance to the existing CDD 
  records. Our approach to address these needs is a text similarity method 
  that automatically maps a curator-written statement to candidate sentences 
  extracted from the list of referenced articles, as well as the articles in 
  the PubMed Central database. To evaluate this proposal, we paired CDD 
  description sentences with the top 10 matching sentences from the 
  literature, which were given to curators for review. Through this exercise, 
  we discovered that we were able to map the articles in the reference list to 
  the CDD description statements with an accuracy of 77%. In the dataset that 
  was reviewed by curators, we were able to successfully provide references 
  for 86% of the curator statements. In addition, we suggested new articles 
  for curator review, which were accepted by curators to be added into the 
  reference list at an acceptance rate of 50%. Through this process, we 
  developed a substantial corpus of similar sentences from biomedical articles 
  on protein sequence, structure and function research, which constitute the 
  CDD text similarity corpus. This corpus contains 5159 sentence pairs judged 
  for their similarity on a scale from 1 (low) to 5 (high) doubly annotated by 
  four CDD curators. Curator-assigned similarity scores have a Pearson 
  correlation coefficient of 0.70 and an inter-annotator agreement of 85%. To 
  date, this is the largest biomedical text similarity resource that has been 
  manually judged, evaluated and made publicly available to the community to 
  foster research and development of text similarity algorithms.
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/database/baz064
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31267135

                  Am J Infect Control. 2019 Jun 25. pii: S0196-6553(19)30461-4. 
29. Readability of influenza information online: Implications for 
     consumer health.
   Basch CH, Fera J, Garcia P
  BACKGROUND: Influenza (flu) is pervasive and burdensome. The purpose of this 
  study was to determine the readability levels of online articles related to 
  flu.
   METHODS: Using the search term "influenza," the URL's of the first 100 
  English language Web sites were vetted for content to ascertain that the 
  article met inclusion criteria. Five recommended readability tests were 
  conducted using an online service to calculate readability. Overall, the 
  analysis indicates that flu material found on the web is not being written 
  at a level that is widely readable.
   RESULTS: None of the 100 sites included in the analysis received an 
  acceptable score on all 5 assessments. One-sample independent t tests 
  (α = 0.05, df = 99) indicated that it is highly unlikely that flu Web sites 
  are being written at the desirable level. Of the 100 sampled sites, 33 had a 
  .com, 29 had a .org, and 22 had a .gov extension. Extension type did not 
  play a role in readability level of these sites.
   CONCLUSIONS: When creating content for the masses, health professionals 
  should maximize their efforts by testing the readability as well as other 
  factors that influence the likelihood that it will be understood.
   Keywords: Comprehension; Health literacy; Internet; Reading
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.04.178
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31253552

                      Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jul 04. pii: E2374. 
30. Exploring Environmental Health on Weibo: A Textual Analysis of 
     Framing Haze-Related Stories on Chinese Social Media.
   Yang F, Wendorf Muhamad J, Yang Q
  According to the latest report by the World Health Organization, air 
  pollution, one of the planet's most dangerous environmental carcinogens, has 
  become one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. In China this is 
  a particularly crucial issue, with more than 100 cities and close to one 
  billion individuals threatened by haze due to heavy air pollution in recent 
  years. Beyond traditional channels, the rise of social media has led to 
  greater online haze-related information sharing. Formative research suggests 
  that Weibo is playing a larger role in the process of information seeking 
  than traditional media. Given the severity of haze and the influential role 
  of Weibo, a textual analysis was conducted based on Sina Weibo (Chinese 
  Twitter) to provide health decision-makers and media consumers knowledge on 
  how environmental health issues such as haze are framed in Chinese social 
  media. Framing theory served to explain the differences across various 
  outlets: People's Daily, China Daily, and the Chinese version of the Wall 
  Street Journal. By analyzing 407 Weibo posts, five major frames emerged: (1) 
  governmental concern, (2) public opinion and issue management, (3) 
  contributing factors and effects, (4) socializing haze-related news, and (5) 
  external haze-related news.
   Keywords: air pollution; environmental health; framing; social media; 
    textual analysis
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132374
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31277378

                           Pharm Pract (Granada). 2019 Apr-Jun;17(2):17(2): 1498
31. Information seeking behavior and awareness among physicians regarding 
     drug information centers in Saudi Arabia.
   Almazrou DA, Ali S, Al-Abdulkarim DA, Albalawi AF, Alzhrani JA
  Background: The role of Drug Information Center (DIC) in a health-care 
  setting has increased tremendously owing to the high influx of 
  pharmaceutical molecules that pose serious challenges to physicians. DIC 
  promotes rational prescribing behavior among physicians, leading to better 
  patient outcome.
   Objectives: This study aimed to explore information-seeking behaviors and 
  awareness of physicians regarding DIC services in the Kingdom of Saudi 
  Arabia.
   Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among physicians working in 
  government and private sectors between June to November 2018 by using an 
  18-item electronic anonymous questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential 
  statistics were performed using IBM SPSS (Version 21). A P-value of <0.05 
  was taken as the level of significance between responses.
   Results: In total, 500 questionnaires were distributed among the included 
  hospitals, and only 254 physicians (response rate: 50.8%), including 193 
  males (76%), participated in the study. The majority of participants (n = 
  83, 32.7%) had more than ten years of experience, and many of the 
  respondents (n=131) worked as residents. Most of the physicians (62.9%) were 
  aware of their institutional DIC. UpToDate was the most preferred drug 
  information database among physicians. Regarding the improvement required in 
  the DIC services, most of the physicians (23.6%) opined that the contact 
  details should be available in all clinical wards.
   Conclusions: Only 10% of the respondents were not aware of the presence of 
  DIC at their institution. The UpToDate online drug information database was 
  the most frequently used database by the physicians. Our findings showed 
  that there is a need for conducting educational programs for physicians 
  regarding DIC services. Such an attempt can increase the frequency of 
  drug-related queries and promote patient safety.
   Keywords: Awareness; Drug Information Services; Information Seeking 
    Behavior; Physicians; Reference Books; Saudi Arabia; Surveys and 
    Questionnaires
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2019.2.1498
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31275505

                                                  Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019 Jul 05.
32. The Internet as a Source of Health Information and Services.
   Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Waligóra J, Mastalerz-Migas A
  The Internet is increasingly used for health-related purposes and evolves 
  with the ever-changing needs of patients. The aim of this study was to 
  assess the level of reliance on the Internet as a health information source, 
  to examine which online communication activities are the most common for 
  health purposes, and to determine the attitudes and needs of patients in 
  this area and the factors affecting its use. A total of 1000 adults were 
  selected from the Polish population by random sampling. The survey was 
  administered by the Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI). The study 
  concluded that 76.9% of the participants used the Internet for health 
  purposes, among whom 72.6% of active and 27.4% of passive users were 
  distinguished. The role of the Internet as a source of health information 
  has increased, which corresponds to a growing interest in online health 
  services. The majority of individuals searching for health information in 
  the Internet lived in urban areas, had a high level of education, and was 
  professionally active. We conclude that the increased interest in the use of 
  the Internet related to health determines the direction in which e-health 
  should be developed in the future.
   Keywords: E-health services; E-patient; Health information; Health 
    professionals; Internet user; Needs of patients; Online communication; 
    Sociodemographic factors; Telecare
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/5584_2019_396
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31273574

                             AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc. 2019 ;2019 117-126
33. On the Role of Question Summarization and Information Source 
     Restriction in Consumer Health Question Answering.
   Abacha AB, Demner-Fushman D
  Despite the recent developments in commercial Question Answering (QA) 
  systems, medical QA remains a challenging task. In this paper, we study the 
  factors behind the complexity of consumer health questions and potential 
  improvement tracks. In particular, we study the impact of information source 
  quality and question conciseness through three experiments. First, an 
  evaluation of a QA method based on a Question-Answer collection created from 
  trusted NIH resources, which outperformed the best results of the medical 
  LiveQA challenge with an average score of 0.711. Then, an evaluation of the 
  same approach using paraphrases and summaries of the test questions, which 
  achieved an average score of 1.125. Our results provide an empirical 
  evidence supporting the key role of summarization and reliable information 
  sources in building efficient CHQA systems. The latter finding on 
  restricting information sources is particularly intriguing as it contradicts 
  the popular tendency ofrelying on big data for medical QA.
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31258963

                                   Interact J Med Res. 2019 Jul 05. 8(3): e10355
34. What the Health? Information Sources and Maternal Lifestyle Behaviors.
   Dalhaug EM, Haakstad LAH
  BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA), adequate gestational weight gain 
  (GWG), and healthy eating are important for the long-term health of both 
  mother and baby. Hence, it is important that women receive current and 
  updated advice on these topics and are encouraged to adopt a healthy 
  lifestyle during pregnancy.
   OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the main information 
  sources among pregnant women regarding PA, GWG, and nutrition as well as to 
  evaluate how these information sources may affect their health behaviors.
   METHODS: A cross-sectional study design, comprising an electronic 
  questionnaire, was distributed to 2 antenatal clinics, as well as 
  pregnancy-related online chat forums and social media. The inclusion 
  criteria were ≥18 years, ≥20 weeks gestation, and able to read and write 
  Norwegian. In total, 150 pregnant women answered the questionnaire, which 
  was a mix of 11-point Likert scales, close-ended questions, and 
  semi-close-ended questions with the option to elaborate. The relationship 
  between information sources and selected variables, including health 
  behaviors and descriptive variables, were assessed by logistic regression, 
  linear regression, or chi-square as appropriate (P<.05).
   RESULTS: Mean age (years), gestation week, and prepregnancy body mass index 
  (kg/m2) were 31.1 (SD 4.3), 30.6 (SD 5.9), and 24.2 (SD 4.2), respectively. 
  More than eight out of 10 had received or retrieved information about 
  nutrition (88.7%, 133/150) and PA (80.7%, 121/150), whereas 54.0% (81/150) 
  reported information on GWG. When combining all 3 lifestyle factors, 38.5% 
  had retrieved information from blogs and online forums and 26.6%, from their 
  midwife or family physician. Women who reported the internet and media as 
  their primary source of information on weight gain had increased odds of 
  gaining weight below the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines compared 
  with gaining within the guidelines (odds ratio [OR] 15.5, 95% CI 1.4-167.4; 
  P=.02). Higher compliance with nutritional guidelines was seen among those 
  who cited the internet and media as their main source of information on 
  nutrition (beta=.7, 95% CI 0.07-1.3; P=.03). On the other side, receiving 
  advice from friends and family on weight gain was significantly associated 
  with gaining weight above the IOM guidelines compared with gaining within 
  the guidelines (OR 12.0, 95% CI 1.3-111.7; P=.03). No other associations 
  were found between information sources and health behaviors.
   CONCLUSIONS: The small number of health professionals giving information and 
  the extensive use of internet- and media-based sources emphasize the need to 
  address the quality of internet advice and guide women toward trustworthy 
  sources of information during pregnancy. The association between information 
  sources and PA, GWG, and nutrition requires further research.
   Keywords: behavior; diet; gestational weight gain; physical activity; 
    pregnancy; prenatal care
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/10355
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31278731

                                 Health Inf Manag. 2019 Jul 02. 1833358319857354
35. Low back pain websites do not meet the needs of consumers: A study of 
     online resources at three time points.
   Costa N, Nielsen M, Jull G, Claus AP, Hodges PW
  BACKGROUND: The popularity of the Internet as a source of health-related 
  information for low back pain (LBP) is growing. Although research has 
  evaluated information quality in health-related websites, few studies have 
  considered whether content and presentation match consumer preferences.
   OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether LBP website content 
  and presentation matched preferences of consumers with LBP, whether matching 
  preference of consumers changed over 8 years as recognition of 
  people-centred healthcare has developed and whether this differs between 
  countries of Internet searching.
   METHOD: The most prominent and top 20 LBP websites were identified using 
  common search engines in 2010, 2015 and 2018. Websites identified in the top 
  20 in 2010 were followed up if not identified in 2015 and 2018. Two 
  reviewers independently evaluated websites with a 16-item checklist 
  developed from research of consumer preferences. In 2015, websites were 
  identified using searches conducted using IP addresses from Australia, the 
  United States of America (USA), the United Kingdom and Canada. After removal 
  of duplicates, 55 websites were evaluated in 2010. In 2015 and 2018, 33 and 
  28 new sites, respectively, were identified, and 37 previous websites were 
  re-evaluated.
   RESULTS: In 2010 and 2015, websites predominantly originated from USA and 
  were sponsored by "for-profit" organisations. In 2018, most websites 
  originated from Australian "not-for-profit" organisations. None of the 
  websites provided information on all content areas. At least 55% of websites 
  were rated as poor or fair. No site rated as excellent overall. There was 
  some worsening over time. Country of search did not affect results.
   CONCLUSION: Websites retrieved using typical searches did not meet 
  information and presentation preferences of people with LBP.
   Keywords: Internet; consumer health information; health information 
    management; information dissemination; low back pain; needs assessment; 
    public access to information; quality
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1833358319857354
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31266366

     Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2019 Jun 20. 37(6): 425-431
36. [A bibliometric analysis of research on occupational asthma during 
     1998 to 2017].
   Liu Y, Fu LL, Lin MM, Wang ZP
  Objective: To understand the research status of occupational asthma and 
  provide information for related research on occupational asthma in the 
  future. Methods: Papers on occupational asthma published from January 1998 
  to December 2017 had been retrieved in Web of Science core collection 
  database on 9 October 2018. The data retrieval strategies were set as 
  follows: #1 TS=(occupational AND asthma), #2 TS=(occupational AND asthmas), 
  #3 TS=(occupational asthma OR occupational asthmas), #1 OR #2 OR #3. Three 
  thousand two hundred and twelve publications were analyzed by bibliometric 
  and visualizer. Results: Yearly output of articles in this field had been at 
  a stable high level and annual total citations had been increasing. A 
  significant positive correlation was found between the year and annual total 
  citations (r=0.97, P<0.05). The most productive countries were European 
  countries except the United States and Canada. Our country had few 
  literatures accounting for 1.21 percent of the total and the research on 
  occupational asthma in our country started relatively late which were 
  published mainly from 2013 to 2017. The most studied category and journal 
  were public environmental occupational health and Am J Ind Med respectively. 
  "occupational exposure", "allergy" and "rhinitis" were key words with high 
  frequency. Conclusion: Yearly output of publications of occupational asthma 
  has been at a stable high level. Our country should do more research to 
  provide a scientific basis for further prevention and management of 
  occupational asthma.
   Keywords: Bibliometrics; Occupational asthma
  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.06.005
  URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31256523

────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

----- End forwarded message -----

-- 

  Cheers,

  Thomas Krichel                  http://openlib.org/home/krichel
                                              skype:thomaskrichel

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March 2009, Week 4
March 2009, Week 3
March 2009, Week 2
March 2009, Week 1
February 2009, Week 4
February 2009, Week 3
February 2009, Week 2
February 2009, Week 1
January 2009, Week 5
January 2009, Week 4
January 2009, Week 3
January 2009, Week 2
January 2009, Week 1
December 2008, Week 5
December 2008, Week 4
December 2008, Week 3
December 2008, Week 2
December 2008, Week 1
November 2008, Week 5
November 2008, Week 4
November 2008, Week 3
November 2008, Week 2
November 2008, Week 1
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 4
October 2008, Week 3
October 2008, Week 2
October 2008, Week 1
September 2008, Week 5
September 2008, Week 4
September 2008, Week 3
September 2008, Week 2
September 2008, Week 1
August 2008, Week 5
August 2008, Week 4
August 2008, Week 3
August 2008, Week 2
August 2008, Week 1
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 4
July 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 2
July 2008, Week 1
June 2008, Week 5
June 2008, Week 4
June 2008, Week 3
June 2008, Week 2
June 2008, Week 1
May 2008, Week 5
May 2008, Week 4
May 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 2
May 2008, Week 1
April 2008, Week 5
April 2008, Week 4
April 2008, Week 3
April 2008, Week 2
April 2008, Week 1
March 2008, Week 5
March 2008, Week 4
March 2008, Week 3
March 2008, Week 2
March 2008, Week 1
February 2008, Week 5
February 2008, Week 4
February 2008, Week 3
February 2008, Week 2
February 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 5
January 2008, Week 4
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 2
January 2008, Week 1
December 2007, Week 5
December 2007, Week 4
December 2007, Week 3
December 2007, Week 2
December 2007, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 4
November 2007, Week 3
November 2007, Week 2
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 5
October 2007, Week 4
October 2007, Week 3
October 2007, Week 2
October 2007, Week 1
September 2007, Week 5
September 2007, Week 4
September 2007, Week 3
September 2007, Week 2
September 2007, Week 1
August 2007, Week 5
August 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 3
August 2007, Week 2
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 5
July 2007, Week 4
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 2
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 5
June 2007, Week 4
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 4
May 2007, Week 3
May 2007, Week 2
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 4
April 2007, Week 3
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 5
March 2007, Week 4
March 2007, Week 3
March 2007, Week 2
March 2007, Week 1
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 2
February 2007, Week 1
January 2007, Week 5
January 2007, Week 4
January 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 2
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 5
December 2006, Week 4
December 2006, Week 3
December 2006, Week 2
December 2006, Week 1
November 2006, Week 5
November 2006, Week 4
November 2006, Week 3
November 2006, Week 2
November 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 5
October 2006, Week 4
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 4
September 2006, Week 3
September 2006, Week 2
September 2006, Week 1
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 4
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
July 2006, Week 1
June 2006, Week 5
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
June 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 1
May 2006, Week 5
May 2006, Week 4
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 2
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 4
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
April 2006, Week 1
March 2006, Week 5
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 3
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 2
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 3
January 2006, Week 2
January 2006, Week 1
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 4
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 2
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 5
December 2004, Week 4
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
November 2004, Week 1
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 5
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 3
September 2004, Week 2
September 2004, Week 1
August 2004, Week 5
August 2004, Week 4
August 2004, Week 3
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 5
July 2004, Week 4
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 5
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
April 2004, Week 2
April 2004, Week 1
March 2004, Week 5
March 2004, Week 4
March 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 5
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 3
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 5
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 3
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 5
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 5
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 5
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 5
December 2001, Week 4
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 4
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 2
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 5
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
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August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
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July 2001, Week 5
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July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
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June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
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May 2001, Week 2
May 2001, Week 1
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 4
April 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 2
April 2001, Week 1
March 2001, Week 5
March 2001, Week 4
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
January 2001, Week 1
December 2000, Week 5
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 5
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 5
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 5
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 5
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
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July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
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July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 5
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 5
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 5
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
August 1998, Week 2
August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 5
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
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May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 5
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
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September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 5
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July 1997, Week 1
June 1997, Week 5
June 1997, Week 4
June 1997, Week 3
June 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 1
May 1997, Week 5
May 1997, Week 4
May 1997, Week 3
May 1997, Week 2
May 1997, Week 1
April 1997, Week 5
April 1997, Week 4
April 1997, Week 3
April 1997, Week 2
April 1997, Week 1
March 1997, Week 5
March 1997, Week 4
March 1997, Week 3
March 1997, Week 2
March 1997, Week 1
February 1997, Week 4
February 1997, Week 3
February 1997, Week 2
February 1997, Week 1
January 1997, Week 5
January 1997, Week 4
January 1997, Week 3
January 1997, Week 2
January 1997, Week 1
December 1996, Week 5
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December 1996, Week 3
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November 1996, Week 4
November 1996, Week 3
November 1996, Week 2
November 1996, Week 1
October 1996, Week 5
October 1996, Week 4
October 1996, Week 3
October 1996, Week 2
October 1996, Week 1
September 1996, Week 5
September 1996, Week 4
September 1996, Week 3
September 1996, Week 2
September 1996, Week 1
August 1996, Week 5
August 1996, Week 4
August 1996, Week 3
August 1996, Week 2
August 1996, Week 1
July 1996, Week 5
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July 1996, Week 1
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June 1996, Week 1
May 1996, Week 5
May 1996, Week 4
May 1996, Week 3
May 1996, Week 2
May 1996, Week 1
April 1996, Week 5
April 1996, Week 4
April 1996, Week 3
April 1996, Week 2
April 1996, Week 1
March 1996, Week 5
March 1996, Week 4
March 1996, Week 3
March 1996, Week 2
March 1996, Week 1
February 1996, Week 5
February 1996, Week 4
February 1996, Week 3
February 1996, Week 2
February 1996, Week 1
January 1996, Week 5
January 1996, Week 4
January 1996, Week 3
January 1996, Week 2
January 1996, Week 1
December 1995, Week 5
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July 1995, Week 2
July 1995, Week 1
June 1995, Week 5
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June 1995, Week 3
June 1995, Week 2
June 1995, Week 1
May 1995, Week 5
May 1995, Week 4
May 1995, Week 3
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May 1995, Week 1
April 1995, Week 5
April 1995, Week 4
April 1995, Week 3
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April 1995, Week 1
March 1995, Week 5
March 1995, Week 4
March 1995, Week 3
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March 1995, Week 1
February 1995, Week 5
February 1995, Week 4
February 1995, Week 3
February 1995, Week 2
February 1995, Week 1
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January 1995, Week 3
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January 1995, Week 1
December 1994, Week 5
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December 1994, Week 3
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December 1994, Week 1
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November 1994, Week 3
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November 1994, Week 1
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October 1994, Week 1
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