In addition to extra-dark safety glasses, there is a potentially more important safety concern: Quartz vapor is generated while making tubes. Respirable quartz vapor is considered a health hazard by OSHA and NIOSH.
Our glassblowing bench is an open-faced fume hood.
Respirable dust from cutting the glass and the tube cracker should also be avoided: a risk for silicosis. N95 masks - if you can get them?
The first reference below describes the OSHA and NIOSH standards for respirable fused silica: The second references the OSHA and NIOSH documents.
Dawn Tharr Column Editor (1991) Case Studies: Airborne Emissions from Carbon Dioxide Laser Cutting Operations. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 6(8): 652-654, DOI: 10.1080/1047322X.1991.10387955
Alan Fleeger and C. Eugene Moss (1990). Airborne emissions produced by the interaction of a carbon dioxide laser with glass, metals, and plastics ILSC 1990, C23; https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5056029
If you can meet the safety standards, making your own sealed tubes is simple and "cheap", although the glass is expensive. Corning Vycor 9mm OD is the standard for sealed tube combustion. Making your own tubes is a useful skill, and an art form in the skilled hands of Arndt Schimmelmann. A 9-inch tube segment melted in half makes two 4.5-inch ampoules. After loading the sample, tube can be joined to a cleaned remnant of a used tube segment and a neck can be formed. Torching sample tubes on the vac line generates much less vapor if the 9 mm tubes have been formed with a neck.
6mm OD Vycor can be formed into 1.5 cm weigh boats by melting 3-4 cm segments at the midpoint.
Anneal tubes and weigh boats at 800°C in a muffle furnace before loading samples.
Stanley H. Ambrose, Professor
Environmental Isotope Paleobiogeochemistry Laboratory
Department of Anthropology
University of Illinois, Urbana
Urbana, IL 61801 USA
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On 2/16/21, 3:15 PM, "Stable Isotope Geochemistry on behalf of Hilary Stuart-Williams" <[log in to unmask] on behalf of [log in to unmask]> wrote:
If making your own, make sure that you wear the right safety glasses.
On 16/02/2021 2:42 pm, Rosenheim, Brad wrote:
> Hi Linda -
> We usually buy 4 foot lengths of quartz tubing and then make the ampoules. It is way more cost effective than buying them, and it gives students (and professors) productive procrastination time over an open flame. I usually use Chemglass. Each length makes 6 ampoule at the length we use them, totaling about $1.25 per ampoule.
> Brad E. Rosenheim (he, him, his)
> Associate Professor
> University of South Florida - College of Marine Science
> 140 7th Avenue South, MSL 217, Saint Petersburg, Florida 33701
> [log in to unmask] | (off. tel.) 727.553.3354 | (lab. tel.) TBA
> https://urldefense.com/v3/__http://www.marine.usf.edu/rosenheim/BER-Group.html__;!!DZ3fjg!pneLxlg7u6SvM3teFQ_ea_BvRYtwSCOLowUOgZJGDpN0wxXtqTinn1oicXuF8APqvA$ | Twitter: @Brad_Rosenheim
> Please note: Due to Florida's broad open records law, email to or from University employees is public record, available to the public and the media upon request. My personal email address is berosenheim (at) gmail.com.
> "An atmosphere of [CO2] would give to our earth a high temperature; and if as some suppose, at one period of its history, the air had mixed with it a larger proportion than at present, an increased temperature from its own action, as well as from increased weight, must have necessarily resulted."
> -Eunice Foote, 1856
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Stable Isotope Geochemistry <[log in to unmask]> On Behalf Of Linda Reynard
> Sent: Monday, February 15, 2021 10:04 PM
> To: [log in to unmask]
> Subject: [ISOGEOCHEM] quartz ampoules
> Hello isogeochem,
> Can anyone recommend a US-based supplier of quartz ampoules? These will be used for sealing in samples for heating/reaction in a furnace, and later cracked onto a gas line. Thanks!
> Linda Reynard
> Assistant Research Professor
> Department of Geosciences
> Boise State University
> 1910 University Drive
> Boise, ID 83725-1535
> [EXTERNAL EMAIL] DO NOT CLICK links or attachments unless you recognize the sender and know the content is safe.
Dr Hilary Stuart-Williams,
Stable Isotopes, Farquhar Lab,
Research School of Biology, R.N. Robertson Building (46),
The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2601
Work: 61 02 6125 2099