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December 2022, Week 1


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Thomas Krichel <[log in to unmask]>
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Sun, 4 Dec 2022 02:11:31 +0000
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bims-librar    Biomed News on Biomedical librarianship
Issue of 2022‒12‒04          │ 
sixteen papers selected by   │
Thomas Krichel (Open Library │
 Society)                    │ │

 1. Developing Pathways to Health Sciences Librarianship with an 
     Introductory Course and Mentoring Program.
 2. How Do Colorado Public Libraries Respond to Patron Queries about 
     Opioid Use Disorder? A Secret Shopper Study.
 3. The Systematic Review Toolbox: keeping up to date with tools to 
     support evidence synthesis.
 4. Towards semantic-driven boolean query formalization for biomedical 
     systematic literature reviews.
 5. PhraseMap: Attention-Based Keyphrases Recommendation for Information 
 6. NLM-Chem-BC7: manually annotated full-text resources for chemical 
     entity annotation and indexing in biomedical articles.
 7. Web-Based Health Information-Seeking Methods and Time Since Provider 
     Engagement: Cross-sectional Study.
 8. The Risks Associated With Computed Tomography Scans: An Assessment of 
     the Readability and Reliability of Online Text Available for Patient 
     Information and Guidance.
 9. The contribution of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy videos on 
     YouTube to the learning curve in the COVID-19 pandemic.
10. Quality and utility of YouTube videos about mPCNL.
11. Evaluation of the Reliability and Quality of YouTube Video Content 
     about Perianal Fistulas.
12. The reliability and quality of YouTube videos as a source of 
     information on Buerger's Disease: a cross-sectional study.
13. Health information sharing on social media: quality assessment of 
     short videos about chronic kidney disease.
14. Experiences of caregivers and individuals living with traumatic brain 
     injury in accessing health information: a qualitative investigation.
15. Information Seeking Practices and Availability of Smart Devices Among 
     Healthcare Professionals in a Lower-Middle-Income Country: An Analysis 
     From Pakistan.
16. The Socioeconomic Indicators Linked to Parent Health-Related 
     Technology Use: Cross-sectional Survey.


                                                    Ref Libr. 2022 ;63(3): 67-81
 1. Developing Pathways to Health Sciences Librarianship with an 
     Introductory Course and Mentoring Program.
   Gregory Laynor, Natalie Tagge
  Because of gaps in the offerings of Library and Information Science programs 
  and librarian continuing education programs, library students and 
  early-career librarians may not be aware of opportunities in health sciences 
  librarianship. There is a need for introductory educational offerings on the 
  foundations of health sciences librarianship. There is also a need to 
  address barriers that may obstruct members of underrepresented groups from 
  becoming health sciences librarians. The article explores the possibility 
  that online education and mentoring can address gaps in introductory 
  educational offerings in health sciences librarianship. The article 
  describes the development of a pilot program for an online Introduction to 
  Health Sciences Librarianship course and mentoring program, reflects on 
  results from a survey of program participants, and identifies areas for 
  further research and program development. The article also discusses the 
  potential implications the program may have for addressing equity, 
  diversity, and inclusion in health sciences librarianship.
   Keywords: health sciences librarianship; library and information science 
    education; mentoring; online learning; professional development

                                              Subst Use Misuse. 2022 Nov 28. 1-6
 2. How Do Colorado Public Libraries Respond to Patron Queries about 
     Opioid Use Disorder? A Secret Shopper Study.
   Carly Kuehl, Cole Bortz, Holly Fussner, Courtney Olson, Nicole Russell, 
   Robert Andrew Sumner, D Tyler Coyle
  Background: Colorado's age-adjusted fatal opioid overdose rate increased 
  over 400% from 2000 to 2020. Public libraries are increasingly valuable 
  community resources for accessing health-related information. We sought to 
  evaluate the availability and types of opioid use disorder (OUD)-related 
  resources offered through Colorado Public Library branches using secret 
  shoppers to collect data. Methods: This was a cross sectional study of 197 
  Colorado Public Libraries in 2021. Anonymous auditors posed as library 
  patrons asking a brief standardized script about availability of OUD-related 
  resources over the phone. We conducted descriptive analyses of the libraries 
  contacted, the response types of OUD resources provided, and information 
  about naloxone availability. Outcomes were compared between urban/rural and 
  libraries within/outside the Denver Public Library (DPL) system via means 
  comparison tests. Results: Approximately 50% of libraries were classified as 
  urban. Most (81%) of the libraries offered a valid OUD-resource, and over 
  half (51%) provided a referral to a treatment center offering at least one 
  medication for OUD. Over a third (36%) of librarians referenced the 
  statewide naloxone standing order allowing patients to obtain naloxone from 
  a pharmacy without prescription. One in ten libraries provided at least one 
  invalid referral resource. Libraries within the DPL system referenced 
  Colorado's naloxone standing order at higher rates than non-DPL libraries. 
  Conclusions: Public libraries may benefit from the development of a standard 
  for OUD-related resource training/education that can be distributed across 
  the state to create a space for community members to obtain resources 
  related to substance use.
   Keywords: Opioid; naloxone; opioid use disorder

                                               Syst Rev. 2022 Dec 01. 11(1): 258
 3. The Systematic Review Toolbox: keeping up to date with tools to 
     support evidence synthesis.
   Eugenie Evelynne Johnson, Hannah O'Keefe, Anthea Sutton, Christopher 
  BACKGROUND: The Systematic Review (SR) Toolbox was developed in 2014 to 
  collate tools that can be used to support the systematic review process. 
  Since its inception, the breadth of evidence synthesis methodologies has 
  expanded greatly. This work describes the process of updating the SR Toolbox 
  in 2022 to reflect these changes in evidence synthesis methodology. We also 
  briefly analysed included tools and guidance to identify any potential gaps 
  in what is currently available to researchers.
   METHODS: We manually extracted all guidance and software tools contained 
  within the SR Toolbox in February 2022. A single reviewer, with a second 
  checking a proportion, extracted and analysed information from records 
  contained within the SR Toolbox using Microsoft Excel. Using this 
  spreadsheet and Microsoft Access, the SR Toolbox was updated to reflect 
  expansion of evidence synthesis methodologies and brief analysis conducted.
   RESULTS: The updated version of the SR Toolbox was launched on 13 May 2022, 
  with 235 software tools and 112 guidance documents included. Regarding 
  review families, most software tools (N = 223) and guidance documents (N = 
  78) were applicable to systematic reviews. However, there were fewer tools 
  and guidance documents applicable to reviews of reviews (N = 66 and N = 22, 
  respectively), while qualitative reviews were less served by guidance 
  documents (N = 19). In terms of review production stages, most guidance 
  documents surrounded quality assessment (N = 70), while software tools 
  related to searching and synthesis (N = 84 and N = 82, respectively). There 
  appears to be a paucity of tools and guidance relating to stakeholder 
  engagement (N = 2 and N = 3, respectively).
   CONCLUSIONS: The SR Toolbox provides a platform for those undertaking 
  evidence syntheses to locate guidance and software tools to support 
  different aspects of the review process across multiple review types. 
  However, this work has also identified potential gaps in guidance and 
  software that could inform future research.
   Keywords: Evidence synthesis; Guidance; Software; Support; Systematic 
    review; Tools

                     Int J Med Inform. 2022 Nov 24. pii: S1386-5056(22)00242-8. 
 4. Towards semantic-driven boolean query formalization for biomedical 
     systematic literature reviews.
   Mohammadreza Pourreza, Faezeh Ensan
  OBJECTIVE: Study identification refers to formalizing an effective search 
  over biomedical databases for retrieving all eligible evidence for a 
  systematic review. Manual construction of queries, where a user submit a 
  search query for which a biomedical search system such as PubMed would 
  identify the most relevant documents, has been recognized as a very costly 
  step in conducting systematic reviews. The objective of this paper is to 
  present an automatic query generation approach to reduce the time and labor 
  cost of manual biomedical study identification.
   MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation benchmark is the widely adopted CLEF 
  2018 Technology Assisted Reviews (TAR) collection, with 72 systematic 
  reviews on Diagnosis Test Accuracy. We use and fine-tune pre-trained 
  language models for generating high-level key-phrases and their dense 
  embeddings. We constructed and published a dataset consists of almost one 
  million PubMed articles' abstracts and their keywords for fine-tuning 
  pre-trained language models. We also use concepts that are represented in 
  the Unified Medical Language System, UMLS, for query expansion and embedding 
  generation. We exploit and test different clustering methods, namely 
  Agglomerative clustering, Affinity Propagation, and K-Means, over the 
  generated embeddings to form query clauses.
   RESULTS: Our proposed methods outperform existing state-of-the-art automatic 
  query generation models across Precision (0.0821 compared with 0.005), 
  Recall (0.9676 compared with 0.878), and F-measures (0.2898 compared with 
  0.0356 in F3 measure). In addition, some of the proposed methods can even 
  outperform the performance of the manually crafted queries in some specific 
   CONCLUSION: The proposed model in this paper can be utilized to form an 
  effective initial search query that can be further refined and updated by 
  human reviewers for achieving the desired performance. For future work, we 
  would like to explore the application of the presented query formalization 
  methods in existing study identification methodologies and techniques, 
  especially those that iteratively train machine learning models based on the 
  domain experts' feedback on the relevancy of the retrieved studies.
   Keywords: Biomedical contextual embedding; Boolean query formalization; 
    Systematic review; Technology-aided reviews; Unified medical language 

                                    IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph. 2022 Nov 28. PP
 5. PhraseMap: Attention-Based Keyphrases Recommendation for Information 
   Yamei Tu, Rui Qiu, Yu-Shuen Wang, Po-Yin Yen, Han-Wei Shen
  Many Information Retrieval (IR) approaches have been proposed to extract 
  relevant information from a large corpus. Among these methods, phrase-based 
  retrieval methods have been proven to capture more concrete and concise 
  information than word-based and paragraph-based methods. However, due to the 
  complex relationship among phrases and a lack of proper visual guidance, 
  achieving user-driven interactive information-seeking and retrieval remains 
  challenging. In this study, we present a visual analytic approach for users 
  to seek information from an extensive collection of documents efficiently. 
  The main component of our approach is a PhraseMap, where nodes and edges 
  represent the extracted keyphrases and their relationships, respectively, 
  from a large corpus. To build the PhraseMap, we extract keyphrases from each 
  document and link the phrases according to word attention determined using 
  modern language models, i.e., BERT. As can be imagined, the graph is complex 
  due to the extensive volume of information and the massive amount of 
  relationships. Therefore, we develop a navigation algorithm to facilitate 
  information seeking. It includes (1) a question-answering (QA) model to 
  identify phrases related to users' queries and (2) updating relevant phrases 
  based on users' feedback. To better present the PhraseMap, we introduce a 
  resource-controlled self-organizing map (RC-SOM) to evenly and regularly 
  display phrases on grid cells while expecting phrases with similar semantics 
  to stay close in the visualization. To evaluate our approach, we conducted 
  case studies with three domain experts in diverse literature. The results 
  and feedback demonstrate its effectiveness, usability, and intelligence.

         Database (Oxford). 2022 Dec 01. pii: baac102. [Epub ahead of print]2022
 6. NLM-Chem-BC7: manually annotated full-text resources for chemical 
     entity annotation and indexing in biomedical articles.
   Rezarta Islamaj, Robert Leaman, David Cissel, Cathleen Coss, Joseph 
   Denicola, Carol Fisher, Rob Guzman, Preeti Gokal Kochar, Nicholas Miliaras, 
   Zoe Punske, Keiko Sekiya, Dorothy Trinh, Deborah Whitman, Susan Schmidt, 
   Zhiyong Lu
  The automatic recognition of chemical names and their corresponding database 
  identifiers in biomedical text is an important first step for many 
  downstream text-mining applications. The task is even more challenging when 
  considering the identification of these entities in the article's full text 
  and, furthermore, the identification of candidate substances for that 
  article's metadata [Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) article indexing]. The 
  National Library of Medicine (NLM)-Chem track at BioCreative VII aimed to 
  foster the development of algorithms that can predict with high quality the 
  chemical entities in the biomedical literature and further identify the 
  chemical substances that are candidates for article indexing. As a result of 
  this challenge, the NLM-Chem track produced two comprehensive, manually 
  curated corpora annotated with chemical entities and indexed with chemical 
  substances: the chemical identification corpus and the chemical indexing 
  corpus. The NLM-Chem BioCreative VII (NLM-Chem-BC7) Chemical Identification 
  corpus consists of 204 full-text PubMed Central (PMC) articles, fully 
  annotated for chemical entities by 12 NLM indexers for both span (i.e. named 
  entity recognition) and normalization (i.e. entity linking) using MeSH. This 
  resource was used for the training and testing of the Chemical 
  Identification task to evaluate the accuracy of algorithms in predicting 
  chemicals mentioned in recently published full-text articles. The 
  NLM-Chem-BC7 Chemical Indexing corpus consists of 1333 recently published 
  PMC articles, equipped with chemical substance indexing by manual experts at 
  the NLM. This resource was used for the evaluation of the Chemical Indexing 
  task, which evaluated the accuracy of algorithms in predicting the chemicals 
  that should be indexed, i.e. appear in the listing of MeSH terms for the 
  document. This set was further enriched after the challenge in two ways: (i) 
  11 NLM indexers manually verified each of the candidate terms appearing in 
  the prediction results of the challenge participants, but not in the MeSH 
  indexing, and the chemical indexing terms appearing in the MeSH indexing 
  list, but not in the prediction results, and (ii) the challenge organizers 
  algorithmically merged the chemical entity annotations in the full text for 
  all predicted chemical entities and used a statistical approach to keep 
  those with the highest degree of confidence. As a result, the NLM-Chem-BC7 
  Chemical Indexing corpus is a gold-standard corpus for chemical indexing of 
  journal articles and a silver-standard corpus for chemical entity 
  identification in full-text journal articles. Together, these resources are 
  currently the most comprehensive resources for chemical entity recognition, 
  and we demonstrate improvements in the chemical entity recognition 
  algorithms. We detail the characteristics of these novel resources and make 
  them available for the community. Database URL: 

                                       JMIR Form Res. 2022 Nov 30. 6(11): e42126
 7. Web-Based Health Information-Seeking Methods and Time Since Provider 
     Engagement: Cross-sectional Study.
   Eden Shaveet, Catherine Urquhart, Marissa Gallegos, Olaf Dammann, Laura 
  BACKGROUND: The use of web-based methods to seek health information is 
  increasing in popularity. As web-based health information (WHI)-seeking 
  affects health-related decision support and chronic symptom self-management, 
  WHI-seeking from online sources may impact health care decisions and 
  outcomes, including care-seeking decisions. Patients who are routinely 
  connected to physicians are more likely to receive better and more 
  consistent care. Little is known about whether WHI-seeking impacts the 
  frequency at which patients engage with health care providers.
   OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to describe the associations between 
  the use of web-based methods to seek information about one's own health and 
  the time since last engaging with a health care provider about one's own 
  health. Additionally, we aimed to assess participants' trust in health care 
  organizations to contextualize our findings.
   METHODS: We analyzed data from US adults participating in the nationally 
  representative Tufts Equity in Health, Wealth, and Civic Engagement Survey 
  (N=1034). Bivariate associations between demographic characteristics and 
  health information-seeking methods were assessed with Pearson chi-squared 
  tests. Bivariate associations of Medical Mistrust Index (MMI) scores with 
  each health information-seeking method and time since provider engagement 
  were assessed with F tests and adjusted Wald tests. We fit a multivariable 
  logistic regression model to assess the association between WHI-seeking 
  within the 12 months prior to survey (alone or in combination with 
  provider-based methods versus provider only) and engagement with a provider 
  more than 1 year prior to the time of survey, adjusting for age, race and 
  ethnicity, sex, education, insurance coverage, and MMI.
   RESULTS: Age, race and ethnicity, educational attainment, health insurance 
  source, MMI, and time since provider engagement were each significantly 
  associated with the health information-seeking method in bivariate analyses. 
  Compared to using only provider-based health information seeking methods, 
  WHI-based methods alone or in combination with provider-based methods were 
  associated with a 51% lower likelihood (odds ratio 0.49, 95% CI 0.27-0.87) 
  of engaging with a provider within the previous year. Participants who used 
  WHI-seeking methods alone and those who had not engaged with a health care 
  provider within the previous year demonstrated a higher mean MMI score; 
  however, MMI was not a significant predictor of time since engagement with a 
  provider in the multivariable analysis.
   CONCLUSIONS: Our findings from a nationally representative survey suggest 
  that for those who use WHI-seeking methods (alone or in combination with 
  provider-based information-seeking methods), there is a statistically 
  significant lower likelihood of engaging with a provider in a year compared 
  to those who only use provider-based methods. Future research should 
  consider the intent of a person's visit with a provider, trust in health 
  care systems, methods of provider engagement, and specific web-based 
  platforms for health information.
   Keywords: consumer health information; information-seeking behavior; 
    internet; physician-patient relations; social media; trust

                                                 Cureus. 2022 Oct;14(10): e30758
 8. The Risks Associated With Computed Tomography Scans: An Assessment of 
     the Readability and Reliability of Online Text Available for Patient 
     Information and Guidance.
   Monica Hemaya, Maria Hemaya, Amir Habeeb
  Introduction Computed tomography (CT) scanning has become a fundamental 
  aspect of many diagnostic pathways and therapeutic procedures. However, it 
  is not without risk. Many patients are unaware of the exposure to ionising 
  radiation that is involved with undergoing a CT scan, as well as the 
  associated increase in cancer risk with cumulative exposure. Controversy 
  over which clinician is responsible for advising a patient regarding CT risk 
  often means that patients are left uninformed and unaware. Those who choose 
  to seek further guidance online do so with the risk of encountering poor 
  quality, difficult-to-read medical text, which may leave them even more 
  confused or misinformed. Aim This study aimed to assess the readability, 
  quality, and accuracy of the information available to patients online 
  regarding CT scans and their associated risks. Method An internet search of 
  180 websites was collated using three search terms, each entered into three 
  search engines. The terms used were 'CT Risk', 'CT Harm', and 'Dangers of a 
  CT Scan'. Unique websites generated were assessed for readability using four 
  readability formulae: The Flesh-Kincaid Grade Level, the Flesch Reading Ease 
  Score, the Gunning Fog Index, and the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) 
  Index. The text on each website was also evaluated for quality and accuracy 
  using the Discern tool. Mean readability scores were calculated and compared 
  against the defined standard required for the information intended for the 
  general public. A two-tailed t-test was also carried out to assess 
  statistical significance. Results Of the 180 websites collated, 77 were 
  unique. 76.62% of websites (59/77) met the readability target for the 
  Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, and 66.23% (51/77) met the target for the 
  Gunning Fog Index, which was for text to be readable at the Grade 8 level 
  (or by children aged 13-14). 59.74% (46/77) met the target for the SMOG 
  Index, which for healthcare information, was defined as Grade 6 Level, or 
  children aged 11-12. Only 11.69% of websites (9/77) met the target for the 
  Flesch Reading Ease score. 55.84% of websites satisfied the pre-defined 
  standard for three out of four readability criteria, however, only 11.69% 
  satisfied all four criteria, limited by the scores obtained by the Flesch 
  Reading Ease formula. The websites generated a mean Discern score of 3.58, 
  meaning the average quality of the information was deemed to be 'fair', with 
  no serious shortcomings. Conclusion More than 50% of websites satisfied 
  three readability criteria simultaneously. However, there is still scope for 
  improvement, both in terms of enhancing the readability of the remaining 
  websites, and also ensuring that all websites review the proportion of 
  polysyllabic words in the text, which is the emphasis of the Flesh Reading 
  Ease Score. In addition, physicians and radiologists have a responsibility 
  to inform patients of the risks associated with CT scans, and to direct them 
  to supplementary good-quality information and resources.
   Keywords: computed tomography (ct ); ionising radiation; online medical 
    information; patient information; readability

                              Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Nov 25. 101(47): e31537
 9. The contribution of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy videos on 
     YouTube to the learning curve in the COVID-19 pandemic.
   Kamil Erözkan, Serdar Culcu, Selim Tamam, Ali Ekrem Unal
  There is no standardization in videos uploaded to Youtube. Were the videos 
  capable of contributing to adequate technical quality and surgical training? 
  We are aiming to answer these questions in this paper. It is a 
  cross-sectional study. In January 2022, we searched the Youtube platform 
  using the keyword "distal pancreatectomy." The substantiality, transparency, 
  reliability, quality, popularity and educational values of the video content 
  were evaluated after exclusion criteria. These parameters were evaluated 
  using we the modified Journal of American Medical Association benchmark 
  criteria, Global Quality Score (GQS), Video Power Index, modified 
  laparoscopic pancreatectomy scoring system. The videos uploaded after the 
  pandemic had a statistically significant higher GQS score (P < .001). Video 
  Power Index, like GQS, had a statistically significant difference before and 
  after the pandemic. (P = .046). There was no significant difference in the 
  evaluation of the reliability and substantiality. Until the development of 
  Youtube videos is completed, peer-reviewed, more reliable and content-rich 
  online education platforms should be preferred in the first place. Care 
  should be taken to watch selected videos on Youtube videos.

                                             Urolithiasis. 2022 Dec 03. 51(1): 9
10. Quality and utility of YouTube videos about mPCNL.
   Mehmet Yilmaz, Yusuf Sahin, Ibrahim Hacibey, Salih Zeki Sonmez, Ahmet Yaser 
  This study assessed the reliability, efficacy, and quality of YouTube videos 
  on miniaturized PCNL procedures using a scoring system. Video searches were 
  conducted using the keywords miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy 
  (mPCNL), ultra-mini-PCNL (UMP), and super-mini-PCNL (SMP) via . All videos > 2 min in English containing the 
  procedure of mPCNL were ordered and listed according to relevance and 
  popularity. Global quality scores (GQS) and reliability scales were used for 
  quality and content analysis of the videos. The confirmed video power index 
  (VPI) was used to assess video popularity, and the mPCNL score, developed by 
  three endourologists, was used to measure the informational and educational 
  value of the videos. While specialists (61.9%) were the main source for 
  uploading 63 videos included in the study, the largest target group was 
  patients (61.9%). Operational procedures (68.3%) were the main content, and 
  the highest upload region was Asian continent (66.7%). The majority of 
  videos were in English (60.3%), focused on standard mPCNL rather than 
  miniaturization subtypes (77.8%). The mean VPI, GQS, reliability, and mPCNL 
  scores were 4.61, 2.86, 2.61, 9.58, respectively. These parameters, which 
  were positively correlated, were found to be statistically significantly 
  higher for videos of 'academic' origin, 'Physicians' target audience and 
  'English audio' language format (p < 0.05). Because mPCNL videos, which are 
  popular and have high informational and educational value, are aimed at 
  medical professionals rather than patients, they are not functional in 
  treatment selection and explaining the procedure. By raising its standards, 
  video portals can make the treatment process practical as a functional 
  bridge between patients and health care professionals.
   Keywords: Educational surgery video; Kidney stones; Miniaturized 
    percutaneous nephrolithotomy; YouTube

                                              Biomed Res Int. 2022 ;2022 2955273
11. Evaluation of the Reliability and Quality of YouTube Video Content 
     about Perianal Fistulas.
   Ersan Eroglu, Ediz Altinli
  Objective: Perianal fistulas of the perianal soft tissues are an important 
  cause of morbidity and a significant portion of colorectal surgery. To our 
  knowledge, there is no study evaluating YouTube videos pertaining perianal 
  fistulas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate YouTube video contents on this 
   Methods: Whether the videos contained real images, animations or 
  presentations, video duration, number of views, comments and likes, 
  uploading date, and daily view were recorded. Reliability of the videos was 
  assessed using the Quality Criteria for Consumer Health Information 
  (DISCERN) scale and quality of the videos using the Global Quality Score 
   Results: A total of 100 YouTube videos regarding perianal fistulas were 
  included in the study. Sixty-four (64%) videos were uploaded by healthcare 
  professionals and 36 (36%) videos by nonprofessionals. The mean video length 
  was calculated as 6.70 ± 8.00 minutes for all videos. The mean DISCERN score 
  of all videos was found as 3.92 ± 0.81 and the mean GQS score as 3.97 ± 
  0.83. According to the DISCERN score, most videos included (94%) were of 
  good quality. There was an excellent agreement between the two surgeons in 
  terms of the DISCERN and GQS scores.
   Conclusion: Most of the videos included in the study were uploaded by 
  health-care professionals. On the other hand, the majority of the videos 
  contained surgical management of perianal fistulas as it is the definitive 
  treatment. Healthcare related content should be audited and filtered by 
  YouTube with new and effective policies.

   Ann Vasc Surg. 2022 Nov 25. pii: S0890-5096(22)00730-0. [Epub ahead of print]
12. The reliability and quality of YouTube videos as a source of 
     information on Buerger's Disease: a cross-sectional study.
   Ersin Çelik, Ahmet Rıfkı Çora
  OBJECTIVES: Patients are increasingly referring to the Internet after a 
  diagnosis of vascular disease. This study was performed to quantitatively 
  define the accuracy and reliability of information on YouTube regarding 
  Buerger Disease (BD).
   METHODS: A systematic search of YouTube was conducted using BD and 
  thromboangiitis obliterans keywords. The default YouTube search setting of 
  "relevance" was used to replicate an average search attempt, and the first 
  50 results from each keyword search were reviewed and analyzed by two 
  independent reviewers. Descriptive characteristics, Journal of the American 
  Medical Association Score (JAMAS), modified DISCERN score, Global Quality 
  Scale (GQS) were used to record data.
   RESULTS: A total of 50 videos were reviewed for the study. The mean JAMAS, 
  modified DISCERN and GQS values among the videos were 2.06/4.00 (standard 
  deviation [SD], 0.91), 2.36/5.00 (SD, 1.39) and 2.6/5.00 (SD, 1.16) 
  respectively. When the videos were analyzed according to the user types 
  uploading them, the modified DISCERN score was found to be significantly 
  higher (3.57/5.00 SD, 0.97) in the videos uploaded by vascular surgeons 
  (p=0.029). High-quality videos were determined as more recent (p=0.048). It 
  was observed that the modified DISCERN and JAMA scores increased as the 
  video quality increased.
   CONCLUSION: While variable in source and content, the completeness and 
  reliability of the information presented on YouTube about BD is poor. We 
  believe that these videos should be uploaded more up-to-date and 
  comprehensively by medical professionals, especially medical doctors.
   Keywords: Buerger’s Disease; Internet; YouTube; health information on the 
    Web; thromboangiitis obliterans

                                            BMC Nephrol. 2022 Nov 28. 23(1): 378
13. Health information sharing on social media: quality assessment of 
     short videos about chronic kidney disease.
   Lan Yao, Yubao Li, Qinglou Lian, Junjun Sun, Shuyin Zhao, Pei Wang
  INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), which affects about 10% of 
  global population, has become a global public health crisis in recent 
  decades. It is well recognized that health information dissemination could 
  change health behaviors, thereby greatly improving the early diagnosis and 
  prevention of diseases. Due to fast dissemination, wide audience, intuitive 
  and vivid, popularization through short videos has rapidly developed into 
  the new main battlefield of health information. The objective of this study 
  was to describe the properties of the CKD-related health information on 
  short video apps.
   METHODS: Searching on short video apps with high-frequency words in kidney 
  disease as keywords, the basic information of the uploaders was retrieved 
  and extracted short video. Five quality dimensions, awareness, popularity, 
  utility, validity and quality, of each video were assessed with numeric 
  rating scale (NRS) by five volunteers with CKD and three nephrologists.
   RESULTS: From the platform of douyin, 65 uploaders and their 3973 short 
  videos of CKD-related health information were investigated in this study. 
  Most information of short videos had relatively high level in awareness, 
  popularity and utility assessment, but some information had relatively low 
  level in validity and quality assessment; 24 (36.9%) uploaders were from 
  governmental hospital (tertiary hospital); 19 uploaders (29.2%) uploaded 
  more than 100 short videos and 49 uploaders (75.4%) updated their videos 
  weekly, and 16 uploaders (24.6%) didn't update short videos more than one 
  month. There were 4 uploaders (6.2%) have more than 1 million follows, and 
  39 uploaders (60%) had follows less than 10,000. "Lifestyles", "Common 
  symptoms of kidney disease" and "Nephritis or kidney disease" were the three 
  main contents of these short videos. The comprehensive data of uploaders 
  with millions of follows in nephrology specialty were much lower than that 
  of orthopedics and other specialty.
   CONCLUSION: The validity and quality of short video is still unsatisfactory, 
  and CKD-related health information also need to be led and improved, 
  although the awareness, popularity, and utility of health information about 
  CKD is acceptable. The public should be selective and cautious in seeking 
  CKD information on social media.
   Keywords: Chronic kidney disease; Health information quality; 
    Infodemiology; Short video apps; Social media

                                                    Brain Inj. 2022 Nov 16. 1-10
14. Experiences of caregivers and individuals living with traumatic brain 
     injury in accessing health information: a qualitative investigation.
   Tammie M Jones, Alaanah Bhanji, Sarah Osman, Xinsheng Cindy Cai, Steven 
   Garfinkel, Ali A Weinstein
  BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rehabilitation and treatment of chronic symptoms of 
  traumatic brain injury (TBI) present life-long challenges. This qualitative 
  study aimed to understand the experience of individuals with TBI and 
  caregivers in finding and using health information and to understand their 
  interest in participating in research.
   METHODS: Participants were recruited through hospital listservs, websites, 
  social media, and word of mouth from across the US. A qualitative 
  constructivism research method was used to analyze responses from 
  semi-structured interviews with 24 individuals, 11 with TBI and 13 
   RESULTS: Three major themes emerged from the analyses: 1) processes and 
  resources for finding TBI-related health information, 2) reliability of 
  information, and 3) participation in research. Study participants described 
  using the internet, consulting with healthcare professionals, reading 
  research articles, and seeking out information from other individuals with 
  TBI or caregivers to search for information. Participants also shared their 
  experiences related to evaluating the reliability of information and the 
  impact of individuals with TBI and caregivers participating on research 
   CONCLUSION: Participants identified various needs in finding relevant health 
  information and highlighted gaps in searching for and using health 
  information. Participants identified an overarching need for improved 
  dissemination of information that is both accessible and reliable.
   Keywords: TBI; health information; knowledge translation

                                                 Cureus. 2022 Oct;14(10): e30771
15. Information Seeking Practices and Availability of Smart Devices Among 
     Healthcare Professionals in a Lower-Middle-Income Country: An Analysis 
     From Pakistan.
   Sufyan Razak, Shilpa Bai, Faiza Zakaria, Mustafa Ali, Fnu Rashmi, Reem 
   Sulaiman, Ayesha Altaf Jangda, Ashish Tyagi, Fnu Nima, Syed Asad Hasan Rizvi
  Introduction Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a principle that integrates 
  clinical experience with relevant information available to provide adequate 
  healthcare. It requires access to current medical literature. This paper 
  analyzes the information requirements of a lower-middle-income country 
  (LMIC) and the resources available and preferred by medical professionals. 
  Methods A survey-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 160 
  participants, ranging in expertise from students to attending physicians in 
  Karachi, Pakistan. The survey comprised questions to assess the clinical 
  background, technology access, need for health-related information, and the 
  preference for resources to obtain that information in different scenarios. 
  They were also asked if they use PubMed and their recommended methods to 
  improve information access. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 
  (SPSS; IBM, NY, USA) software was used for all analyses. Results A basic 
  mobile phone (with limited internet connectivity) was the most common device 
  used at home (n=159; 99.4%) and work (n=141; 88.1%). No smart devices were 
  available to 28 (17.5%) participants at work. Internet connectivity was 
  available for 155 (96.9%) participants at home but only for 118 (73.7%) 
  participants at work. About one-third (n=49; 30.6%) experienced questions 
  arising in practice two to four times a day, and half of the participants 
  (n=80; 50%) were very likely to look up a reference. The most common 
  resource for the majority of given clinical scenarios was a senior 
  colleague. At the same time, medical websites (Medscape, Up-to-Date, WebMD) 
  were the first choice for a non-specific general medical query. About 68.75% 
  (n=110) of participants claimed to use PubMed in daily practice. The most 
  common reason for not using PubMed was the ease of using other search 
  engines (like Google). Conclusions Improved access to the internet and 
  well-reputed journals can enhance the practice of EBM in Pakistan. 
  Limitations of technological access must be considered while designing 
  information resources in lower-middle-income countries.
   Keywords: android; computer technology; evidence based medicine; internet; 
    iphone; lower middle income country; medical education; mobile phones; 
    pubmed database; smart devices

                                 J Med Internet Res. 2022 Nov 30. 24(11): e37455
16. The Socioeconomic Indicators Linked to Parent Health-Related 
     Technology Use: Cross-sectional Survey.
   Madison P McCall, Megan T Hineline, Margaret T Anton, April Highlander, 
   Deborah J Jones
  BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of parent health information seeking on 
  the internet and its impact on parenting behavior, there is a paucity of 
  research on parents of young children (ages 3 to 8 years). Given the 
  importance of this developmental period, exploring how family socioeconomic 
  indicators linked to the digital divide and health inequities affect parent 
  proxy- and self-seeking is critical to further understanding variability in 
  health information seeking and associated outcomes.
   OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore parental health-related technology 
  use (HTU), the process by which parents engage in support, advice, and 
  information-seeking behavior related to their (self-seeking) and their 
  children's (proxy seeking) health across a range of hardware devices (eg, 
  tablet, wearable, smartphone, laptop, and desktop computer) and sources (eg, 
  search engines, mobile applications, social media, and other digital media).
   METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 313 parents and guardians of 
  children ages 3 to 8 years recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) 
  was conducted. Parents were asked to complete a self-administered 
  questionnaire on a broad range of parenting and parent-related constructs, 
  including sociodemographic information, technology device ownership, and 
  engagement in and use, features, and perceptions of HTU. Descriptive and 
  bivariate analyses (chi-square tests) were performed to identify patterns 
  and investigate associations between family socioeconomic indicators and 
  parent HTU.
   RESULTS: The overwhelming majority (301/313, 96%) of parents of young 
  children reported engaging in HTU, of which 99% (300/301) reported using 
  search engines (eg, Google), followed by social media (62%, 188/301), other 
  forms of digital media (eg, podcasts; 145/301, 48%), and mobile applications 
  (114/301, 38%). Parents who engaged in HTU reported seeking information 
  about their child's behavior and discipline practices (260/313, 83%), mental 
  or physical health (181/313, 58%), and academic performance (142/313, 45%). 
  Additionally, nearly half (134/313, 43%) of parents reported searching for 
  advice on managing their stress. Among parents who reported using each 
  source, an overwhelming majority (280/300, 93%) indicated that search 
  engines were a helpful online source for proxy- and self-seeking, followed 
  by social media (89%, 167/188), other digital media (120/145, 83%), and 
  mobile apps (87/114, 76%). Among parents who reported using any technology 
  source, approximately one-fifth reported that technology sources were most 
  comfortable (61/311, 20%), most understanding (69/311, 22%), and most 
  influential toward behavior change (73/312, 23%) compared to traditional 
  sources of health information-seeking, including mental health 
  professionals, other health care professionals, school professionals, 
  community leaders, friends, and family members. Indicators of family 
  socioeconomic status were differentially associated with frequency and 
  perceptions of and search content associated with parent HTU across 
  technology sources.
   CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study underscore critical considerations 
  in the design and dissemination of digital resources, programs, and 
  interventions targeting parent and child health, especially for families in 
  traditionally underserved communities.
   Keywords: accessibility; child; digital health; health behavior; health 
    information; health-related technology use; information seeking; mobile 
    health; parenting; socioeconomic status