LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for COMMUNET Archives


COMMUNET Archives

COMMUNET Archives


COMMUNET@LIST.UVM.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

COMMUNET Home

COMMUNET Home

COMMUNET  October 1993, Week 3

COMMUNET October 1993, Week 3

Subject:

UNPLUG Channel One Report

From:

David Rothman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

[log in to unmask]

Date:

Thu, 21 Oct 1993 03:17:55 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (582 lines)

Michael Morgan is letting people spread around his report on Channel
One--the loathsome Whittle enterprise that inflicts TV commercials on
schoolchildren. I'm happy to do some spreading. Morgan is a
communications prof at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and he
has already attracted a fair amount of media attention.
 
His report is of interest to community network folks since Washington is
often fond of touting "free enterprise" solutions as replacements for
meaningful action to help local communities. What applies to public
schools certainly would apply in the future to networking. Good
information policy doesn't happen by accident.
 
Within the Morgan report, a key section reads: "...Channel One is most
often found in schools  with the largest proportions of low income,
underprivileged  students, and in schools that have the least amount of
money to  spend on conventional educational resources.  Ironically,
these schools have more high-tech equipment, in no small part due to
Whittle Communications' own contributions, but they invest
substantially less in teachers, texts, or other instructional
materials.  The relationship between spending on texts or other
instructional resources and accepting Channel One is especially
striking: Channel One is apparently used _instead of_ traditional
materials when resources are scarcest.  Schools that can afford  to
spend more on their students are _much_ less likely to utilize  Channel
One."
 
In the next post, I'll comment further on the report.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
David H. Rothman                                  "So we beat on, boats against
[log in to unmask]                                 the current...."
805 N. Howard St., #240
Alexandria, Va. 22304
703-370-6540(o)(h)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------- Forwarded Message
 
Message-Id: <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Thu, 21 Oct 1993 01:17:47 -0400
To: [log in to unmask]
From: Prescott Smith <[log in to unmask]>
Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
Sender: [log in to unmask]
Subject: UNPLUG Channel One Report
 
   Prof. Michael Morgan of the Dept. of Communication, Umass/Amherst,
 provided the following information on the UNPLUG Channel One
 Report and included a full copy.  It's long and only the conclusion
 is included here.  I'll try to get the complete report up on the
 anonymous ftp site at:  nic.umass.edu    cd /pub/ednet    which is
 also available by choosing the University of Massachusetts gopher.--ps
- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Prescott Smith   -  Univ. of Mass/Amherst   -  [log in to unmask]
     Ednet - a forum exploring the educational potential of the Internet
   e-mail to:  [log in to unmask]   1st line:  Sub Ednet (Your Name)
- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Hi Pres,
 
  [....]
The response to the press conference we held yesterday in DC has been
terrific.  There was an "exclusive" in yesterday's Wall St Journal,
and it went out today on all the usual AP/UPI/NPR/etc wires.  I've
been swamped doing press and radio interviews...
 
Anyway, I'm appending here a FULL COPY of the text and tables of my
Report, minus only the graphs and figures, for obvious reasons.  Please
feel free to distribute this to anyone and everyone, or edit it to cut
it down as you see fit.
 
People may be interested in connecting with the sponsoring
organization, called UNPLUG; they have a very full packet of info they
can send out including my full report with graphs, plus highlights,
executive summary, fact sheets, press statements, etc.  The phone
number at their temporary DC office is 202-234-0041.  They also have
e-mail and fax but I don't have those here (but I can send them to you
when I go into my office on Friday).  Let me know if you want their
fax number and/or e-mail address.
 
 
In the meantime, here's the text of my report; again, feel free
to distribute it in any form, far and wide, and let me know if I can
provide any further info.
 
=====================================================================
 
 
               CHANNEL ONE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS:
 
                        WIDENING THE GAPS
 
 
 
                         Michael Morgan
                   Department of Communication
               University of Massachusetts/Amherst
 
                  Phone: (413) 545-6345 / 1311
                       Fax: (413) 545-6399
                  Email: [log in to unmask]
 
 
              A Research Report Prepared for UNPLUG
 
 
                          October, 1993
 
 
 
[....all the good design and sampling techniques deleted and much
 also of enlightening analysis, description and explanation to cut
 to the conclusion and data...ps]
 
 
Summary and Conclusion
 
 
 
Overall, schools that receive Channel One are mid-to-large sized
(but not _the_ most crowded) schools; they are slightly more likely
to be found in urban areas, but the reach of Channel One in
suburban and rural schools seems nearly as great.  They are
slightly more likely to have higher proportions of African-
Americans, or to have a medium proportion of Latino students.
They are especially likely to be located in South Central,
Mountain, or South Atlantic states, rather than in New England or
the Pacific states.
 
Most of all, however, Channel One is most often found in schools
with the largest proportions of low income, underprivileged
students, and in schools that have the least amount of money to
spend on conventional educational resources.  Ironically, these
schools have more high-tech equipment, in no small part due to
Whittle Communications' own contributions, but they invest
substantially less in teachers, texts, or other instructional
materials.  The relationship between spending on texts or other
instructional resources and accepting Channel One is especially
striking: Channel One is apparently used _instead of_ traditional
materials when resources are scarcest.  Schools that can afford
to spend more on their students are _much_ less likely to utilize
Channel One.
 
Given these patterns, the greater devotion to commercialism that
students apparently develop from watching Channel One is
particularly disturbing.  That is, Channel One is more often
shown to the students who are probably least able to afford to
buy all the products they see advertised.  It requires no stretch
of the imagination to suggest that this in turn may enhance their
alienation and frustration.
 
The commercialization of the culture -- and increasingly,
perhaps, of the schools -- means that other voices and interests,
less able to generate profits, are being shut out of the
educational system.  It seems inevitable that Channel One will
further entrench and legitimize the power of massive private
commercial interests in those public arenas where a diversity of
voices is most badly needed.
 
The results from a new four-year study, just released by the
Department of Education, sound similar to so many others we have
become accustomed to hearing about, but these are more shocking
than usual: according to the report, almost half the nation's
adults have low reading comprehension and math skills.  Worse,
the study points to increasing divisions in society between the
haves and the have-nots, based on poverty and racial/ethnic
status.  Low income students and youth of color attend schools
most in need of a substantial infusion of resources.  These are
the same schools that give their students Channel One instead,
creating the illusion of providing more and better educational
facilities.  In this way, Channel One may be helping to widen an
already dangerous gap in our society.
 
 
 
 
 
REFERENCES
 
 
Arana, Ana, and Aleta Watson.  "Channel One used ethnic divisions
     to win customers."  San Jose Mercury-News, Dec. 13, 1992.
 
"Dumber Than We Thought."  Newsweek, Sept. 20, 1993, p. 44.
 
Greenberg, Bradley S., and Jeffrey E. Brand.  "Television News
     and Advertising in Schools:  The 'Channel One' Controversy."
     Journal of Communication, Winter 1993, 43:1, 143-151.
 
Osborn, Barbara.  "Critiquing Channel One: Billerica Middle
     Schools."  The Independent, August/September 1993, pp. 44-45.
 
Ouellette, Laurie.  "Whoops for Whittle Communications" and
     "Deconstructing Channel One."  Mediaculture, The Advocate,
     Sept. 2, 1993, p. 6. (Syndicated via Alternet News Service,
     Aug. 19, 1993.)
 
Tiene, Drew.  "Channel One: Good News or Bad News for our
     Schools?"  Educational Leadership, May 1993, pp. 46-51.
 
 
 
 
- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
 
                                  TABLE 1
 
                        DISTRIBUTIONS OF CHANNEL ONE
 
 
 
              Number of     Number of        Percent of        Percent of
              Schools in    Schools with     Schools with      Schools in
              Sample        Channel One      Channel One       Category
              ----------    ------------    -------------      -----------
 
OVERALL         17344         4572             26.36%           100.00%
 
 
School Type:
 
    Elementary   1759          400             22.74%            10.14%
    Middle       4547         1214             26.70%            26.22%
    Jr Hi        2156          600             27.83%            12.43%
    Sr Hi        6867         1817             26.46%            39.59%
    Combined      703          158             22.48%             4.05%
    Voc/Tech      424          153             36.08%             2.44%
    Special       625          171             27.36%             3.60%
    Adult         263           59             22.43%             1.52%
 
 
School Level:
 
    K-8          1759          400             22.74%            10.14%
    K-12          703          158             22.48%             4.05%
    5-8          4547         1214             26.70%            26.22%
    7-9          2156          600             27.83%            12.43%
    7-12         1088          337             30.97%             6.27%
    9-12         5209         1286             24.69%            30.03%
    10-12         570          195             34.21%             3.29%
    Voc/Tech      424          153             36.08%             2.44%
    Special       625          170             27.20%             3.60%
    Adult         263           59             22.43%             1.52%
 
 
School Enrollment:
 
    1-99          993          267             26.89%             5.73%
    100-199      1054          234             22.20%             6.08%
    200-299      1305          310             23.75%             7.52%
    300-499      2961          902             30.46%            17.07%
    500-999      6675         1855             27.79%            38.49%
    1000-2499    4085          956             23.40%            23.55%
    2500+         271           48             17.71%             1.56%
 
 
District Enrollment:
 
    <599          707           51              7.21%             4.08%
    <1199        1344          308             22.92%             7.75%
    <2499        2275          769             33.80%            13.12%
    <4999        2219          641             28.89%            12.79%
    <9999        1746          491             28.12%            10.07%
    <24999       3096          879             28.39%            17.85%
    25K +        5957         1433             24.06%            34.35%
 
 
Number of Schools in District:
 
    1             420           51             12.14%             2.42%
    2-4          2920          754             25.82%            16.84%
    5-9          3019          857             28.39%            17.41%
    10-24        2721          736             27.05%            15.69%
    25-99        5397         1516             28.09%            31.12%
    100 +        2867          658             22.95%            16.53%
 
 
Spending on All Instructional Materials:
 
    <44.99        197           96             48.73%             1.14%
    <54.99        234          110             47.01%             1.35%
    <64.99        476          168             35.29%             2.75%
    <74.99       1053          332             31.53%             6.08%
    <79.99        706          196             27.76%             4.07%
    <84.99       1111          407             36.63%             6.41%
    <89.99        768          167             21.74%             4.43%
    <94.99        919          288             31.34%             5.30%
    <99.99        945          356             37.67%             5.45%
    <109.99      2462          781             31.72%            14.21%
    <119.99      1642          354             21.56%             9.47%
    <129.99      1858          289             15.55%            10.72%
    <139.99      1173          309             26.34%             6.77%
    <149.99      1065          312             29.30%             6.15%
    <159.99       606          107             17.66%             3.50%
    <169.99       487           75             15.40%             2.81%
    <179.99       389           50             12.85%             2.24%
    <189.99       277           45             16.25%             1.60%
    <199.99       233           22              9.44%             1.34%
    200 +         729          106             14.54%             4.21%
 
 
 
Text Expenditures:
 
    <9.99         114           77             67.54%             0.66%
    <12.99         97           28             28.87%             0.56%
    <15.99        238          101             42.44%             1.37%
    <18.99        673          136             20.21%             3.88%
    <21.99       1017          297             29.20%             5.87%
    <24.99       1329          339             25.51%             7.67%
    <27.99       1433          325             22.68%             8.27%
    <30.99       1786          456             25.53%            10.31%
    <33.99       1319          225             17.06%             7.61%
    <36.99       1258          372             29.57%             7.26%
    <39.99        963          311             32.29%             5.56%
    <44.99       2811          824             29.31%            16.22%
    <49.99       1361          459             33.73%             7.85%
    <54.99        761          167             21.94%             4.39%
    <59.99        609          184             30.21%             3.51%
    <64.99        438           64             14.61%             2.53%
    <69.99        287           28              9.76%             1.66%
    <74.99        276           72             26.09%             1.59%
    75+           558          105             18.82%             3.22%
 
 
Total Combined Expenditures:
 
    <2599         238          144             60.50%             1.37%
    <2799         417          251             60.19%             2.41%
    <2999         599          249             41.57%             3.46%
    <3199         794          388             48.87%             4.58%
    <3399         893          260             29.12%             5.15%
    <3599        1410          563             39.93%             8.14%
    <3799        1634          461             28.21%             9.43%
    <3999        1752          438             25.00%            10.11%
    <4199        1104          291             26.36%             6.37%
    <4399        1193          215             18.02%             6.88%
    <4599        1337          216             16.16%             7.71%
    <4799        1086          111             10.22%             6.27%
    <4999         512          213             41.60%             2.95%
    <5199         683          127             18.59%             3.94%
    <5399         512          186             36.33%             2.95%
    <5599         506          196             38.74%             2.92%
    <5799         331            7              2.11%             1.91%
    <5999         254           35             13.78%             1.47%
    <6000+       2075          219             10.55%            11.97%
 
 
 
Region:
 
    New England   739           78             10.55%             4.26%
    Mid Atlan.   1677          360             21.47%             9.67%
    So Atlan.    3298         1001             30.35%            19.02%
    No Central   4906         1132             23.07%            28.29%
    Mountain     1150          410             35.65%             6.63%
    So Central   3282         1418             43.21%            18.92%
    Pacific      2292          173              7.55%            13.21%
 
 
Metro status:
 
    Urban        5709         1558             27.29%            33.09%
    Suburban     4328         1145             26.46%            25.09%
    Rural        7216         1849             25.62%            41.82%
 
 
Poverty Level:
 
    <5%          2526          420             16.63%            14.82%
    5-25%       11749         3054             25.99%            68.93%
    25% +        2770         1044             37.69%            16.25%
 
 
Percent African-American:
 
    <1 %         5525         1424             25.77%            34.42%
    1-25 %       6208         1746             28.13%            38.67%
    >25 %        4319         1255             29.06%            26.91%
 
 
Percent Latino:
 
    <1 %         8105         2163             26.69%            50.49%
    1-25 %       5952         1798             30.21%            37.08%
    >25 %        1995          464             23.26%            12.43%
 
 
Percent Asian:
 
    <1 %        10702         3989             37.27%            66.67%
    1-25 %       5060          424              8.38%            31.52%
    >25 %         290           12              4.14%             1.81%
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                   TABLE 2
 
 
                      COMPARISON OF SAMPLE AND UNIVERSE
 
 
 
                                         All Potential
              Responding Schools         Target Schools
              --------------------       --------------------
              N of      Percent in       N of      Percent in      Response
              Schools   Category         Schools   Category        Rate
              -------   ----------       -------   ----------     ---------
 
OVERALL         17344   100.00%           36359    100.00%          47.70%
 
 
School Type:
 
    Elementary   1759    10.14%            4811     13.23%          36.56%
    Middle       4547    26.22%            8432     23.19%          53.93%
    Jr Hi        2156    12.43%            3717     10.22%          58.00%
    Sr Hi        6867    39.59%           14064     38.68%          48.83%
    Combined      703     4.05%            2844      7.82%          24.72%
    Voc/Tech      424     2.44%            1033      2.84%          41.05%
    Special       625     3.60%             995      2.74%          62.81%
    Adult         263     1.52%             463      1.27%          56.80%
 
 
School Level:
 
    K-8          1759    10.14%            4811     13.23%          36.56%
    K-12          703     4.05%            2844      7.82%          24.72%
    5-8          4547    26.22%            8432     23.19%          53.93%
    7-9          2156    12.43%            3717     10.22%          58.00%
    7-12         1088     6.27%            2911      8.01%          37.38%
    9-12         5209    30.03%           10184     28.01%          51.15%
    10-12         570     3.29%             971      2.67%          58.70%
    Voc/Tech      424     2.44%            1031      2.84%          41.13%
    Special       625     3.60%             995      2.74%          62.81%
    Adult         263     1.52%             463      1.27%          56.80%
 
 
School Enrollment:
 
    1-99          993     5.73%            3005      8.26%          33.04%
    100-199      1054     6.08%            3441      9.46%          30.63%
    200-299      1305     7.52%            3813     10.49%          34.23%
    300-499      2961    17.07%            7205     19.82%          41.10%
    500-999      6675    38.49%           12331     33.91%          54.13%
    1000-2499    4085    23.55%            6189     17.02%          66.00%
    2500+         271     1.56%             375      1.03%          72.27%
 
 
 
District Enrollment:
 
    <599          707     4.08%            5225     14.37%          13.53%
    <1199        1344     7.75%            3822     10.51%          35.16%
    <2499        2275    13.12%            5811     15.98%          39.15%
    <4999        2219    12.79%            5656     15.56%          39.23%
    <9999        1746    10.07%            4577     12.59%          38.15%
    <24999       3096    17.85%            4710     12.95%          65.73%
    25K +        5957    34.35%            6558     18.04%          90.84%
 
 
Schools in District:
 
    1             420     2.42%            3245      8.92%          12.94%
    2-4          2920    16.84%            8829     24.28%          33.07%
    5-9          3019    17.41%            7914     21.77%          38.15%
    10-24        2721    15.69%            7330     20.16%          37.12%
    25-99        5397    31.12%            6053     16.65%          89.16%
    100 +        2867    16.53%            2988      8.22%          95.95%
 
 
Spending on All Instructional Materials:
 
    <44.99        197     1.14%             513      1.42%          38.40%
    <54.99        234     1.35%             490      1.36%          47.76%
    <64.99        476     2.75%             993      2.75%          47.94%
    <74.99       1053     6.08%            1822      5.04%          57.79%
    <79.99        706     4.07%            1206      3.34%          58.54%
    <84.99       1111     6.41%            1811      5.01%          61.35%
    <89.99        768     4.43%            1519      4.20%          50.56%
    <94.99        919     5.30%            1741      4.82%          52.79%
    <99.99        945     5.45%            1904      5.27%          49.63%
    <109.99      2462    14.21%            4347     12.03%          56.64%
    <119.99      1642     9.47%            3459      9.57%          47.47%
    <129.99      1858    10.72%            3392      9.38%          54.78%
    <139.99      1173     6.77%            2690      7.44%          43.61%
    <149.99      1065     6.15%            2135      5.91%          49.88%
    <159.99       606     3.50%            1407      3.89%          43.07%
    <169.99       487     2.81%            1228      3.40%          39.66%
    <179.99       389     2.24%             991      2.74%          39.25%
    <189.99       277     1.60%             800      2.21%          34.63%
    <199.99       233     1.34%             612      1.69%          38.07%
    200 +         729     4.21%            3087      8.54%          23.62%
 
 
Region:
 
    New England   739     4.26%            1810      4.98%          40.83%
    Mid Atlan.   1677     9.67%            3974     10.93%          42.20%
    So Atlan.    3298    19.02%            4921     13.53%          67.02%
    No Central   4906    28.29%           10542     28.99%          46.54%
    Mountain     1150     6.63%            2542      6.99%          45.24%
    So Central   3282    18.92%            7667     21.09%          42.81%
    Pacific      2292    13.21%            4903     13.48%          46.75%
 
 
Metro status:
 
    Urban        5709    33.09%            7676     21.23%          74.37%
    Suburban     4328    25.09%            7720     21.35%          56.06%
    Rural        7216    41.82%           20760     57.42%          34.76%
 
 
Poverty Level:
 
    <5%          2526    14.82%            5492     15.57%          45.99%
    5-12         5384    31.59%           11112     31.50%          48.45%
    12-25        6365    37.34%           13019     36.91%          48.89%
    25% +        2770    16.25%            5650     16.02%          49.03%
 
 
Percent African-American:
 
    <1 %         5525    34.42%           14204     44.66%          38.90%
    1-5          2542    15.84%            4983     15.67%          51.01%
    5-25         3666    22.84%            6158     19.36%          59.53%
    25% +        4319    26.91%            6463     20.32%          66.83%
 
 
Percent Latino:
 
    <1 %         8105    50.49%           17353     54.56%          46.71%
    1-5          3225    20.09%            5973     18.78%          53.99%
    5-25         2727    16.99%            4876     15.33%          55.93%
    25% +        1995    12.43%            3606     11.34%          55.32%
 
 
Percent Asian:
 
    <1 %        10702    66.67%           23081     72.56%          46.37%
    1-5          3469    21.61%            5825     18.31%          59.55%
    5-25         1591     9.91%            2498      7.85%          63.69%
    25% +         290     1.81%             404      1.27%          71.78%
 
 
Percent White:
 
    <1 %          847     5.28%            1192      3.75%          71.06%
    1-5           425     2.65%             692      2.18%          61.42%
    5-25         1231     7.67%            1901      5.98%          64.76%
    25% +       13549    84.41%           28023     88.10%          48.35%
 
 
 
 
 
========================================================================
========================================================================
 
I hope this is useful.
 
Cheers,
 
- - Michael
- --
*------------------------------------------------------------------*
| Michael Morgan    *   /\/\ /\/\    *    [log in to unmask]   |
|    Department of Communication, UMass/Amherst, MA 01003  USA     |
| 413-545-1311 (dept) * 413-545-6345 (office) * 413-545-6399 (fax) |
*------------------------------------------------------------------*
 
 
 
 
------- End of Forwarded Message

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

February 2017, Week 4
March 2016, Week 4
March 2016, Week 2
January 2015, Week 2
June 2011, Week 3
March 2011, Week 5
March 2011, Week 4
January 2011, Week 1
October 2010, Week 1
July 2010, Week 3
October 2008, Week 5
October 2008, Week 3
July 2008, Week 5
July 2008, Week 3
May 2008, Week 1
January 2008, Week 3
January 2008, Week 1
November 2007, Week 5
November 2007, Week 1
October 2007, Week 4
August 2007, Week 1
July 2007, Week 3
July 2007, Week 1
June 2007, Week 3
June 2007, Week 2
June 2007, Week 1
May 2007, Week 5
May 2007, Week 1
April 2007, Week 2
April 2007, Week 1
March 2007, Week 3
February 2007, Week 4
February 2007, Week 3
January 2007, Week 1
December 2006, Week 1
October 2006, Week 3
October 2006, Week 2
October 2006, Week 1
September 2006, Week 5
September 2006, Week 2
August 2006, Week 5
August 2006, Week 4
August 2006, Week 3
August 2006, Week 1
July 2006, Week 5
July 2006, Week 3
July 2006, Week 2
June 2006, Week 4
June 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 3
May 2006, Week 1
April 2006, Week 3
April 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 4
March 2006, Week 2
March 2006, Week 1
February 2006, Week 4
February 2006, Week 3
February 2006, Week 1
January 2006, Week 5
January 2006, Week 4
January 2006, Week 2
December 2005, Week 5
December 2005, Week 3
December 2005, Week 1
November 2005, Week 5
November 2005, Week 4
November 2005, Week 3
November 2005, Week 2
November 2005, Week 1
October 2005, Week 5
October 2005, Week 4
October 2005, Week 3
October 2005, Week 2
October 2005, Week 1
September 2005, Week 5
September 2005, Week 4
September 2005, Week 3
September 2005, Week 2
September 2005, Week 1
August 2005, Week 5
August 2005, Week 4
August 2005, Week 3
August 2005, Week 2
August 2005, Week 1
July 2005, Week 5
July 2005, Week 4
July 2005, Week 3
July 2005, Week 2
July 2005, Week 1
June 2005, Week 5
June 2005, Week 4
June 2005, Week 3
June 2005, Week 2
June 2005, Week 1
May 2005, Week 5
May 2005, Week 4
May 2005, Week 3
May 2005, Week 2
May 2005, Week 1
April 2005, Week 5
April 2005, Week 4
April 2005, Week 3
April 2005, Week 2
April 2005, Week 1
March 2005, Week 5
March 2005, Week 4
March 2005, Week 3
March 2005, Week 2
March 2005, Week 1
February 2005, Week 4
February 2005, Week 3
February 2005, Week 2
February 2005, Week 1
January 2005, Week 5
January 2005, Week 4
January 2005, Week 3
January 2005, Week 2
January 2005, Week 1
December 2004, Week 3
December 2004, Week 2
December 2004, Week 1
November 2004, Week 5
November 2004, Week 4
November 2004, Week 3
November 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 5
October 2004, Week 4
October 2004, Week 3
October 2004, Week 2
October 2004, Week 1
September 2004, Week 4
September 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 2
August 2004, Week 1
July 2004, Week 3
July 2004, Week 2
July 2004, Week 1
June 2004, Week 4
June 2004, Week 3
June 2004, Week 2
June 2004, Week 1
May 2004, Week 5
May 2004, Week 4
May 2004, Week 3
May 2004, Week 2
May 2004, Week 1
April 2004, Week 5
April 2004, Week 4
April 2004, Week 3
March 2004, Week 2
March 2004, Week 1
February 2004, Week 4
February 2004, Week 2
February 2004, Week 1
January 2004, Week 5
January 2004, Week 4
January 2004, Week 3
January 2004, Week 2
January 2004, Week 1
December 2003, Week 4
December 2003, Week 3
December 2003, Week 2
December 2003, Week 1
November 2003, Week 5
November 2003, Week 4
November 2003, Week 3
November 2003, Week 2
November 2003, Week 1
October 2003, Week 5
October 2003, Week 4
October 2003, Week 3
October 2003, Week 2
October 2003, Week 1
September 2003, Week 5
September 2003, Week 4
September 2003, Week 2
September 2003, Week 1
August 2003, Week 4
August 2003, Week 3
August 2003, Week 2
August 2003, Week 1
July 2003, Week 5
July 2003, Week 4
July 2003, Week 3
July 2003, Week 2
July 2003, Week 1
June 2003, Week 5
June 2003, Week 4
June 2003, Week 3
June 2003, Week 2
June 2003, Week 1
May 2003, Week 5
May 2003, Week 4
May 2003, Week 3
May 2003, Week 2
May 2003, Week 1
April 2003, Week 5
April 2003, Week 4
April 2003, Week 3
April 2003, Week 2
April 2003, Week 1
March 2003, Week 5
March 2003, Week 4
March 2003, Week 3
March 2003, Week 2
March 2003, Week 1
February 2003, Week 4
February 2003, Week 3
February 2003, Week 2
February 2003, Week 1
January 2003, Week 5
January 2003, Week 4
January 2003, Week 3
January 2003, Week 2
January 2003, Week 1
December 2002, Week 5
December 2002, Week 4
December 2002, Week 3
December 2002, Week 2
December 2002, Week 1
November 2002, Week 4
November 2002, Week 3
November 2002, Week 2
November 2002, Week 1
October 2002, Week 5
October 2002, Week 4
October 2002, Week 3
October 2002, Week 2
October 2002, Week 1
September 2002, Week 5
September 2002, Week 4
September 2002, Week 3
September 2002, Week 2
September 2002, Week 1
August 2002, Week 5
August 2002, Week 4
August 2002, Week 3
August 2002, Week 2
August 2002, Week 1
July 2002, Week 5
July 2002, Week 4
July 2002, Week 3
July 2002, Week 2
July 2002, Week 1
June 2002, Week 4
June 2002, Week 3
June 2002, Week 2
June 2002, Week 1
May 2002, Week 5
May 2002, Week 4
May 2002, Week 3
May 2002, Week 2
May 2002, Week 1
April 2002, Week 5
April 2002, Week 4
April 2002, Week 3
April 2002, Week 2
April 2002, Week 1
March 2002, Week 5
March 2002, Week 4
March 2002, Week 3
March 2002, Week 2
March 2002, Week 1
February 2002, Week 4
February 2002, Week 3
February 2002, Week 2
February 2002, Week 1
January 2002, Week 5
January 2002, Week 4
January 2002, Week 3
January 2002, Week 2
January 2002, Week 1
December 2001, Week 3
December 2001, Week 2
December 2001, Week 1
November 2001, Week 5
November 2001, Week 3
November 2001, Week 1
October 2001, Week 5
October 2001, Week 4
October 2001, Week 3
October 2001, Week 2
October 2001, Week 1
September 2001, Week 4
September 2001, Week 3
September 2001, Week 2
September 2001, Week 1
August 2001, Week 5
August 2001, Week 4
August 2001, Week 3
August 2001, Week 2
August 2001, Week 1
July 2001, Week 4
July 2001, Week 3
July 2001, Week 2
July 2001, Week 1
June 2001, Week 5
June 2001, Week 3
June 2001, Week 2
June 2001, Week 1
May 2001, Week 5
May 2001, Week 4
May 2001, Week 3
April 2001, Week 5
April 2001, Week 2
March 2001, Week 3
March 2001, Week 1
February 2001, Week 4
February 2001, Week 3
February 2001, Week 2
February 2001, Week 1
January 2001, Week 5
January 2001, Week 4
January 2001, Week 3
January 2001, Week 2
December 2000, Week 4
December 2000, Week 3
December 2000, Week 2
December 2000, Week 1
November 2000, Week 5
November 2000, Week 4
November 2000, Week 3
November 2000, Week 2
November 2000, Week 1
October 2000, Week 5
October 2000, Week 4
October 2000, Week 3
October 2000, Week 2
October 2000, Week 1
September 2000, Week 4
September 2000, Week 3
September 2000, Week 2
September 2000, Week 1
August 2000, Week 5
August 2000, Week 4
August 2000, Week 3
August 2000, Week 2
August 2000, Week 1
July 2000, Week 4
July 2000, Week 3
July 2000, Week 2
July 2000, Week 1
June 2000, Week 4
June 2000, Week 3
June 2000, Week 2
June 2000, Week 1
May 2000, Week 5
May 2000, Week 4
May 2000, Week 3
May 2000, Week 2
May 2000, Week 1
April 2000, Week 5
April 2000, Week 4
April 2000, Week 3
April 2000, Week 2
April 2000, Week 1
March 2000, Week 5
March 2000, Week 4
March 2000, Week 3
March 2000, Week 2
March 2000, Week 1
February 2000, Week 4
February 2000, Week 3
February 2000, Week 2
February 2000, Week 1
January 2000, Week 5
January 2000, Week 4
January 2000, Week 3
January 2000, Week 2
January 2000, Week 1
December 1999, Week 5
December 1999, Week 4
December 1999, Week 3
December 1999, Week 2
December 1999, Week 1
November 1999, Week 5
November 1999, Week 4
November 1999, Week 3
November 1999, Week 2
November 1999, Week 1
October 1999, Week 5
October 1999, Week 4
October 1999, Week 3
October 1999, Week 2
October 1999, Week 1
September 1999, Week 5
September 1999, Week 4
September 1999, Week 3
September 1999, Week 2
September 1999, Week 1
August 1999, Week 5
August 1999, Week 4
August 1999, Week 3
August 1999, Week 2
August 1999, Week 1
July 1999, Week 5
July 1999, Week 4
July 1999, Week 3
July 1999, Week 2
July 1999, Week 1
June 1999, Week 5
June 1999, Week 4
June 1999, Week 3
June 1999, Week 2
June 1999, Week 1
May 1999, Week 4
May 1999, Week 3
May 1999, Week 2
May 1999, Week 1
April 1999, Week 5
April 1999, Week 4
April 1999, Week 3
April 1999, Week 2
April 1999, Week 1
March 1999, Week 5
March 1999, Week 4
March 1999, Week 3
March 1999, Week 2
March 1999, Week 1
February 1999, Week 4
February 1999, Week 3
February 1999, Week 2
February 1999, Week 1
January 1999, Week 5
January 1999, Week 4
January 1999, Week 3
January 1999, Week 2
January 1999, Week 1
December 1998, Week 4
December 1998, Week 3
December 1998, Week 2
December 1998, Week 1
November 1998, Week 5
November 1998, Week 4
November 1998, Week 3
November 1998, Week 2
November 1998, Week 1
October 1998, Week 5
October 1998, Week 4
October 1998, Week 3
October 1998, Week 2
October 1998, Week 1
September 1998, Week 5
September 1998, Week 4
September 1998, Week 3
September 1998, Week 2
September 1998, Week 1
August 1998, Week 5
August 1998, Week 4
August 1998, Week 3
August 1998, Week 2
August 1998, Week 1
July 1998, Week 5
July 1998, Week 4
July 1998, Week 3
July 1998, Week 2
July 1998, Week 1
June 1998, Week 5
June 1998, Week 4
June 1998, Week 3
June 1998, Week 2
June 1998, Week 1
May 1998, Week 5
May 1998, Week 4
May 1998, Week 3
May 1998, Week 2
May 1998, Week 1
April 1998, Week 5
April 1998, Week 4
April 1998, Week 3
April 1998, Week 2
April 1998, Week 1
March 1998, Week 5
March 1998, Week 4
March 1998, Week 3
March 1998, Week 2
March 1998, Week 1
February 1998, Week 4
February 1998, Week 3
February 1998, Week 2
February 1998, Week 1
January 1998, Week 5
January 1998, Week 4
January 1998, Week 3
January 1998, Week 2
January 1998, Week 1
December 1997, Week 5
December 1997, Week 4
December 1997, Week 3
December 1997, Week 2
December 1997, Week 1
November 1997, Week 5
November 1997, Week 4
November 1997, Week 3
November 1997, Week 2
November 1997, Week 1
October 1997, Week 5
October 1997, Week 4
October 1997, Week 3
October 1997, Week 2
October 1997, Week 1
September 1997, Week 5
September 1997, Week 4
September 1997, Week 3
September 1997, Week 2
September 1997, Week 1
August 1997, Week 5
August 1997, Week 4
August 1997, Week 3
August 1997, Week 2
August 1997, Week 1
July 1997, Week 5
July 1997, Week 4
July 1997, Week 3
July 1997, Week 2
July 1997, Week 1
June 1997, Week 5
June 1997, Week 4
June 1997, Week 3
June 1997, Week 2
June 1997, Week 1
May 1997, Week 5
May 1997, Week 4
May 1997, Week 3
May 1997, Week 2
May 1997, Week 1
April 1997, Week 5
April 1997, Week 4
April 1997, Week 3
April 1997, Week 2
April 1997, Week 1
March 1997, Week 6
March 1997, Week 5
March 1997, Week 4
March 1997, Week 3
March 1997, Week 2
March 1997, Week 1
February 1997, Week 5
February 1997, Week 4
February 1997, Week 3
February 1997, Week 2
February 1997, Week 1
January 1997, Week 5
January 1997, Week 4
January 1997, Week 3
January 1997, Week 2
January 1997, Week 1
December 1996, Week 4
December 1996, Week 3
December 1996, Week 2
December 1996, Week 1
November 1996, Week 5
November 1996, Week 4
November 1996, Week 3
November 1996, Week 2
November 1996, Week 1
October 1996, Week 5
October 1996, Week 4
October 1996, Week 3
October 1996, Week 2
October 1996, Week 1
September 1996, Week 5
September 1996, Week 4
September 1996, Week 3
September 1996, Week 2
September 1996, Week 1
August 1996, Week 5
August 1996, Week 4
August 1996, Week 3
August 1996, Week 2
August 1996, Week 1
July 1996, Week 5
July 1996, Week 4
July 1996, Week 3
July 1996, Week 2
July 1996, Week 1
June 1996, Week 5
June 1996, Week 4
June 1996, Week 3
June 1996, Week 2
June 1996, Week 1
May 1996, Week 5
May 1996, Week 4
May 1996, Week 3
May 1996, Week 2
May 1996, Week 1
April 1996, Week 5
April 1996, Week 4
April 1996, Week 3
April 1996, Week 2
April 1996, Week 1
March 1996, Week 6
March 1996, Week 5
March 1996, Week 4
March 1996, Week 3
March 1996, Week 2
March 1996, Week 1
February 1996, Week 5
February 1996, Week 4
February 1996, Week 3
February 1996, Week 2
February 1996, Week 1
January 1996, Week 5
January 1996, Week 4
January 1996, Week 3
January 1996, Week 2
January 1996, Week 1
December 1995, Week 6
December 1995, Week 5
December 1995, Week 4
December 1995, Week 3
December 1995, Week 2
December 1995, Week 1
November 1995, Week 5
November 1995, Week 4
November 1995, Week 3
November 1995, Week 2
November 1995, Week 1
October 1995, Week 5
October 1995, Week 4
October 1995, Week 3
October 1995, Week 2
October 1995, Week 1
October 1995, Week -15
September 1995, Week 5
September 1995, Week 4
September 1995, Week 3
September 1995, Week 2
September 1995, Week 1
August 1995, Week 5
August 1995, Week 4
August 1995, Week 3
August 1995, Week 2
August 1995, Week 1
July 1995, Week 5
July 1995, Week 4
July 1995, Week 3
July 1995, Week 2
July 1995, Week 1
June 1995, Week 5
June 1995, Week 4
June 1995, Week 3
June 1995, Week 2
June 1995, Week 1
May 1995, Week 5
May 1995, Week 4
May 1995, Week 3
May 1995, Week 2
May 1995, Week 1
April 1995, Week 5
April 1995, Week 4
April 1995, Week 3
April 1995, Week 2
April 1995, Week 1
March 1995, Week 5
March 1995, Week 4
March 1995, Week 3
March 1995, Week 2
March 1995, Week 1
February 1995, Week 4
February 1995, Week 3
February 1995, Week 2
February 1995, Week 1
January 1995, Week 5
January 1995, Week 4
January 1995, Week 3
January 1995, Week 2
January 1995, Week 1
December 1994, Week 5
December 1994, Week 4
December 1994, Week 3
December 1994, Week 2
December 1994, Week 1
November 1994, Week 5
November 1994, Week 4
November 1994, Week 3
November 1994, Week 2
November 1994, Week 1
October 1994, Week 5
October 1994, Week 4
October 1994, Week 3
October 1994, Week 2
October 1994, Week 1
September 1994, Week 5
September 1994, Week 4
September 1994, Week 3
September 1994, Week 2
September 1994, Week 1
August 1994, Week 5
August 1994, Week 4
August 1994, Week 3
August 1994, Week 2
August 1994, Week 1
July 1994, Week 5
July 1994, Week 4
July 1994, Week 3
July 1994, Week 2
July 1994, Week 1
June 1994, Week 5
June 1994, Week 4
June 1994, Week 3
June 1994, Week 2
June 1994, Week 1
May 1994, Week 5
May 1994, Week 4
May 1994, Week 3
May 1994, Week 2
May 1994, Week 1
April 1994, Week 5
April 1994, Week 4
April 1994, Week 3
April 1994, Week 2
April 1994, Week 1
March 1994, Week 5
March 1994, Week 4
March 1994, Week 3
March 1994, Week 2
March 1994, Week 1
February 1994, Week 4
February 1994, Week 3
February 1994, Week 2
February 1994, Week 1
January 1994, Week 5
January 1994, Week 4
January 1994, Week 3
January 1994, Week 2
January 1994, Week 1
December 1993, Week 5
December 1993, Week 4
December 1993, Week 3
December 1993, Week 2
December 1993, Week 1
November 1993, Week 5
November 1993, Week 4
November 1993, Week 3
November 1993, Week 2
November 1993, Week 1
October 1993, Week 5
October 1993, Week 4
October 1993, Week 3
October 1993, Week 2
October 1993, Week 1
September 1993, Week 5
September 1993, Week 4
September 1993, Week 3
September 1993, Week 2
September 1993, Week 1
August 1993, Week 5
August 1993, Week 4
August 1993, Week 3
August 1993, Week 2
August 1993, Week 1
July 1993, Week 5
July 1993, Week 4
July 1993, Week 3
July 1993, Week 2
July 1993, Week 1
June 1993, Week 5
June 1993, Week 4
June 1993, Week 3
June 1993, Week 2
June 1993, Week 1
May 1993, Week 5
May 1993, Week 4
May 1993, Week 3
May 1993, Week 2
May 1993, Week 1
April 1993, Week 5
April 1993, Week 4
April 1993, Week 3
April 1993, Week 2
April 1993, Week 1
March 1993, Week 5
March 1993, Week 4
March 1993
February 1993

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LIST.UVM.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager