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COMMUNET  October 1996, Week 1

COMMUNET October 1996, Week 1

Subject:

Legislative Power Sharing

From:

Vigdor Schreibman - FINS <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 4 Oct 1996 09:59:58 -0400 (EDT)

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (159 lines)

----------------Original Message Posted in Multiple Lists----------------- 
-------Republication is Authorized Only When Message is Kept Intact-------
  
FINS: Communicating the Emerging Philosophy of The Information Age       
FEDERAL INFORMATION NEWS SYNDICATE                    
Vol IV, Issue No. 21 (155 lines)                            October 6, 1996
 
 
CLOSING THE "VALUES-GAP":
Legislative Power Sharing
By Vigdor Schreibman

                 A challenge was issued that journalists become "activists,"
               in a column written in 1990, by David Broder of the Washington
               Post, one of the best respected political reporters of his
               time.  Broder's call for activism by journalists was, "not on
               behalf of a particular party or politician, but on behalf of
               the process of self-government."  This is the striking vision
               of "Public journalism," now gaining momentum among many local
               and regional news services, across the United States.

                    For a web page on the "Public journalism" movement,
                    perspectives, and stories see: http://www.cpn.org/
                    sections/topics/journalism/journalism.html.

                 There is significant conflict over public journalism. Some
               view, "The community-building function [as] central to the
               journalistic mission of any serious newspaper," says Steve
               Yelvington, Star Tribune Online, Minneapolis-St. Paul, in an
               online-news debate on the subject, April 1995 [Fins-PaN-22]. 
               Countering this view, online news developer Donovan White, of
               L.A. Times, says that's "pretty much pap and twiddle - a twist
               of the net-ethos applied to an academic view of newspapers." 

                 FINS has been in the vanguard of public journalism,
               "Communicating the emerging philosophy of the Information
               Age." Reacting unjustly to this activism, an editorial in The
               Hill newspaper, April 30, 1996, advocated that the Periodical
               Press Galleries at the US Capitol, "Keep advocates out,"
               disregarding cherished freedom of the press [Fins-NC4-11]. Now
               comes Jonathan Yardley, in a column in the Washington Post,
               Sept 30, 1996, denouncing, "Public journalism" as an
               "insidious, dangerous idea."   

                 The meaning of this harsh and unjust struggle over public
               journalism, is derived from an ancient political thesis. In
               the 220 years since the beginning of the drama of the birth
               and gradual degradation of democracy in America, political
               leaders have upheld the custom that power exercised by the
               people's representatives in the legislature was to be
               "independent of any instruction or direction by the
               electorate."  This independence theory of legislation was
               first championed by the English parliamentarian Edmund Burke,
               in a speech given at Bristol, England, November 3, 1774.  
                 Burke had a utopian vision of the work of representatives,
               when they were "free to exercise their own best judgment."  He
               thought a representative could best serve, if their "first
               loyalty was to the longer-term interests of the country,
               especially when such interests differed from parochial moods
               of the moment."  However, revealing the root of his rejection
               of legislative direction by the electorate, Burke observed,
               "We are members of a great and ancient monarchy; and we must
               preserve religiously, the true rights of the sovereign, which
               form the key-stone that binds together the noble and well
               constructed arch of our empire and our constitution."
          
                 The sovereign English monarchy gave way to the sovereign
               American citizen, with the birth of the United States of
               America.  Nevertheless, as the late French philosopher Michel
               Foucault observed, "At bottom, despite the differences in
               epochs and objectives, the representation of power has
               remained under the spell of monarchy.  In political thought
               and analysis, we still have not cut off the head of the king."

               
                 Yardley invoked, in his column, the same ancient theory of
               political power to preserve the independence of newspaper
               journalists in determining "which issues are important and
               which are not."  That value judgment is without a sound basis
               in morality, systems management, or under the US Constitution. 
               The citizen's sovereign power to decide is at issue.  This is
               the fountainhead of Republic Government, which no one may
               usurp.  Yet such political screens, and others arbitrarily
               exercised by a constellation of contemporary power brokers,
               have all but defeated self-governance, making sovereign
               citizens mere spectators in the game of politics.  

                 Now the United States is host to a new revolution.  In the
               tremor of deep social transformations imposed by information
               technology, the tectonic plates of political power are being
               reshaped. The diminished geographic relevance of local and
               regional news services have rendered counter productive, any
               attempt by those organs to exercise independent political
               powers.  The palpable interdependence between news services,
               journalists, and the citizenry to be served--whether as
               reader, viewer, or listener--has become increasingly evident.
                 
                 Adapting creatively to this situation, some local and
               regional news groups are turning toward a citizen-centered
               psychology of legislative power sharing, and away from the
               customary exercise of power, "independent of any instruction
               or direction by the electorate."  Expressing his concern over
               this new situation, Yardley described the comment of Rick
               Thames, "public editor" of the Charlotte Observer in an
               interview with the New York Times last month. Yardley writes:

                    "[T]here's more concern than ever before in the media as
                    to whether the candidates are really addressing issues
                    that matter to readers and the public," and that it was
                    the aim of the North Carolina media coalition to fill in
                    the blanks in the political dialogue.  

                 Case studies (reported at the PJ movement web site), reveal
               that journalists are now polling the voters, and facilitating
               collective deliberation about what issues most concern them,
               then running comprehensive reports on the candidates' position
               regarding priority issues.  This work is helping to realize
               the important process of democratic self-government, by
               connecting the news and democracy, engaging the entire public
               in the decisions that affect them all in the long term, and
               offering critical commentary on the complicated issued that
               the public should understand.  This is the core set of ideas
               of public journalism, inspired by the educational philosophy
               of John Dewey, and the leadership values of columnist Walter
               Lippmann, which have been reevaluated in up-to-date context by
               James Fallows, "Breaking The News" (1996): ch 6.

                 In shifting power to decide on the legislative agenda away
               from the independent judgement of legislative representatives
               toward structures, which are unsettled, responsibility cannot
               be privatized.  The legislative agenda for public goods such
               as libraries, schools, health promotion, clean air, and local
               government, must not be left overly dependent upon business
               news priorities, whatever may be their espoused purposes.

                  A democratic National Information Infrastructure (dNII),
               should have public channels managed by democratic community
               institutions [Fins-CS-06]. This could also support balance
               between the values of economic prosperity, social equity and
               ecological integrity, which are essential to the well being of
               the people and survival of the biosphere of Planet Earth.    

============================================================================ 
*THE PENNY PRESS AND CITIZEN-BASED JOURNALISM IS RETURNING WITH A VENGEANCE*
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
GET 24 issues of your own email copy of Fins News Column + Special Reports
+ Fins Information Age Library + Internet Press Gallery Project, for $2.95.
Payment for subscription by check or money order. Include your email address.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Federal Information News Syndicate, Vigdor Schreibman, Editor & Publisher, 
18 - 9th Street NE #206, Washington, DC 20002-6042.  Copyright 1996 FINS. 
Internet: [log in to unmask]  Browse Fins Information Age Library at the
inforM system of the University of Maryland. HTTP: //www.inform.umd.edu:
8080/EdRes/Topic/CompResource/CompSoc/FINS/; Gopher to inform.umd.edu:
EdRes/Topic/CompResource/CompSoc/FINS/.
============================================================================
 

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March 1993
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