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                        _Current Cites_
                        Volume 8, no. 11
                         November 1997
                          The Library
               University of California, Berkeley
                  Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne
                        ISSN: 1060-2356
 http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/CurrentCites/1997/cc97.8.11.html

                        Contributors:

          Christof Galli, Kirk Hastings, Terry Huwe,
             Margaret Phillips, Richard Rinehart,
                 Jim Ronningen, Roy Tennant


DIGITAL LIBRARIES

   "Z39.50: Part 1- An Overview" Biblio Tech Review October 1997
   (http://www.biblio-tech.com/html/z39.50.html). -- If you're anything
   like me, you know vaguely what Z39.50 is about but if someone asked
   you to explain it you'd feign deafness. Well, get ready to regain your
   hearing. This brief piece will soon have you speaking Z-speak in no
   time. After reading this, you should not only be able to understand
   why you keep hearing about it, but you will also be able to drop
   utterances like "Z-client" and "Z-server" with both abandon and
   authority. It may not make you the life of the library cocktail party,
   but you will be much sought after if your library wants to link other
   databases to your library catalog interface. -- RT

   Zamparelli, Roberto. "Copyright and Global Libraries: Going with the
   Flow of Technology" First Monday 2(11) (November 3, 1997)
   (http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue2_11/zamparelli/) -- Instead of
   trying to make Internet users conform to copyright laws by ever more
   powerful protections against copying and unauthorized downloading,
   Zamparelli proposes a different approach. He argues that a single,
   relatively expensive access fee should open the gateway to a "global
   library" with unlimited downloading privileges. The system would also
   have built-in incentives for profit-sharing by authors, new modes of
   advertising, and an array of user benefits.. At the heart of his
   argument is a belief that "policing" cyberspace may be too
   labor-intensive and might in fact chill discourse; instead, he says,
   we should build incentives that reward compliance, and see what
   happens. -- TH

ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING

   Dudrow, Andrea & Joanna Pearlstein. "XML Format May Fortify Web
   Content" MacWeek 11(2) (November 3, 1997): 1,7
   (http://www.zdnet.com/macweek/mw_1142/nw_xml.html). -- This article
   updates readers on the latest companies to announce products
   supporting the new XML standard-in-progress. XML, a simplified subset
   of SGML, is a method of encoding the structure and content of
   documents. XML can be used in conjunction with HTML to offer 3
   advantages: its extensibility lets users create their own tags; its
   structure can support object-oriented hierarchies; and it can be
   validated, so documents can be checked for validity. In addition, XML
   will allow web documents to be searched in more precise ways and the
   content can be sorted and delivered in pieces instead of only as
   entire web pages. The article predicts future adoption by vendors and
   that XML will augment rather than replace HTML. -- RR

   Grout, Catherine & Tony Gill. "Visual Arts, Museums & Cultural
   Heritage Metadata Draft Workshop Report" Visual Arts Data Service &
   Arts and Humanities Data Services
   (http://vads.ahds.ac.uk/Metadata1.html) -- AHDS and its subset VADS
   are UK-based organizations exploring, and thankfully documenting,
   issues involved in creating, managing, and delivering arts and
   humanities data in electronic environments. This report is the result
   of a workshop to "..examine the descriptive information needed to
   enable the discovery of visual arts, museums and cultural heritage
   resources on the Internet, particularly in the form of digital
   images." In particular they wanted to find out if the Dublin Core had
   any value as a content discovery tool for such data, and if so, in
   what forms and what applications. This report is very detailed;
   covering a variety of areas, and reporting on sub-committee break-out
   groups. -- RR

   Hobohm, Hans-Christoph. "Changing the Galaxy: On the Transformation of
   a Printed Journal to the Internet" First Monday 2(11) (November 3,
   1997) (http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue2_11/hobohm/) -- Hobom
   explores a journal's experience with publishing a web-based edition.
   The journal, INSPEL, is published by the International Federation of
   Library Associations (IFLA). He lends a concrete, real-world feeling
   to the intellectual dilemma facing journal publishers in cyberspace.
   How, for example, should markets be segmented? Should access be
   limited to certain audiences? How to handle pricing? The answers
   aren't always clear, but if you've ever worked with publishing
   deadlines and budgets, this analysis will make you think about the
   potential, and the pitfalls. -- TH

   Powell, Thomas A. "Extend the Web: an XML Primer" Internet Week no.
   691 (November 24, 1997): 47-49 -- This primer will be a valuable
   resource for anyone involved in authoring, managing, or delivering
   web-based content. It is a relatively in-depth look at the emerging
   XML standard, covering a bit of history and background, related URLs
   for more information, and examples of how XML actually works,
   including existing tools and plans for tools to implement XML. The
   article takes a realistic view, and makes a good introduction to XML.
   -- RR

MULTIMEDIA & HYPERMEDIA

   Gibbs, Simon and Gabor Szentivanyi. "Index to Multimedia Information
   Sources" German National Research Center for Information Technology
   (http://viswiz.gmd.de/MultimediaInfo/) -- This web resource is an
   invaluable index of information and tools for multimedia. The site
   breaks down resources into categories first by media type (audio,
   video, etc.) then by type of resource (FAQs, conference proceedings,
   tutorials, newsgroup, articles, tools, etc.) -- RR

NETWORKS & NETWORKING

   Danner, David and Paul W. Taylor. "Principle and Practicality: Funding
   Electronic Access to Washington State Government Information" Journal
   of Government Information 24(5) (Sept/Oct 1997):347-359. -- This
   article, written by two policy advisors for the State of Washington
   Department of Information Services, argues that electronic access to
   government information should be funded by appropriate user fees
   allowing for cost recovery. Based on court rulings, the authors
   differentiate between the content of public records, which should be
   accessible in the least costly format, and the delivery of government
   information, which does not have to occur in the most convenient form
   (i.e. electronically) to satisfy the public's right to access of
   information. The authors also point out that in many cases it is not
   individual citizens who are primary users of electronic information,
   but commercial users. Thus, providing free electronic access would
   constitute a taxpayer subsidy to commercial customers. In addition,
   difficult economic circumstances may prevent state legislatures from
   providing sufficient or lasting funding to develop an effective
   electronic infrastructure. The authors see the development of
   cost-recoverable services as a fair and appropriate mode of funding
   electronic access systems and recommend that policy makers allow
   agencies to recover costs for electronic services. -- CG

GENERAL

   Ream, Dan. "Glitch Management for Internet Instruction" Internet Trend
   Watch for Libraries 2(11) (November 1997)
   (http://www.itwfl.com/glitch.html) - If you do not immediately know
   what this article is about from the title, this article is not for
   you. If, on the other hand, images of projection bulbs burning out,
   computer cables with the wrong connectors, and other such technical
   calamities pop into your brain, you're the one that needs to know what
   this article has to say. As a long-time Internet instructor, I've seen
   my share of technical glitches -- enough to know that what Ream says
   in this piece is well worth heeding. In particular, his four
   "universal rules" are excellent advice: 1) Always have a plan B, 2)
   Know your equipment before it's too late!, 3) Know your technicians on
   a first name basis, and 4) Prepare your mind. One thing you can do to
   prepare your mind is to read this article. -- RT

     _________________________________________________________________

   Current Cites 8(11) (November 1997) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright &copy;
   1997 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. _All rights
   reserved._

   All product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
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