You sure ask a lot of questions. A good place to start answering these
types of questions is at your local library, even one in Oregon!
I'd be glad to help you with question number 8. I am an archeologist and
geologist who has worked all over the country (even in Burns, Oregon) and
now run a consulting firm here in Vermont. Federal and state laws
mandate looking at development projects in advance of proposed
construction so that we don't harm any Native American or historic sites.
These are our nation's precious non-renewable resources. By knowing our
past mistakes, we can plan better for the future!
>8. Who were the original occupants of Vermont, and where can I find
>extra information about them?
The first peoples recognized by most archeologists came into the New
World, probably across the Bering Straits land bridge, about 12,000 years
ago. Paleoindian sites from the state of Washington (Winatchee) to the
Province of Nova Scotia (Debert) have similar types of tools - Clovis
projectile points. These points were hafted on spears, and presumably
used to hunt big game like mammoths, bison, or caribou. When the climate
changed, Archaic period people "settled in" their local landscapes, and
emphasized more local resources. You can find more about Vermont's
original occupants by reading "The Original Vermonters" by Haviland and
Power. Please check out the Vermont Archaeological Society's web page
for this and other recommended resources.
Kathleen E. Callum/ Robert A. Sloma
RR 2 Box 2429-1
Brandon VT 05733
TEL: (802) 247-8127
FAX: (802) 247-0107
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