LISTSERV mailing list manager LISTSERV 16.5

Help for EJCLASS Archives


EJCLASS Archives

EJCLASS Archives


EJCLASS@LIST.UVM.EDU


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

EJCLASS Home

EJCLASS Home

EJCLASS  April 1998

EJCLASS April 1998

Subject:

MT. GRAHAM TELESCOPES FACE MORE TROUBLE (fwd)

From:

"Gregory E. Czarnecki" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Environmental Justice <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 30 Apr 1998 10:34:19 -0400

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (215 lines)

<<>><<>><<>><<>><<>><<>><<>>
greg czarnecki
47 s.williams #203
burlington, vt 05401-1718
(802) 658-5495
<<>><<>><<>><<>><<>>><<>><<>>

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 15:12:45 -0700
From: Shane Jimerfield <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: MT. GRAHAM TELESCOPES FACE MORE TROUBLE
Resent-Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 18:15:24 -0400
Resent-From: [log in to unmask]
Resent-To: multiple recipients of <[log in to unmask]>

Mt.  Graham Coalition
Washington, D.C.

News Release, April 29, 1998

MT. GRAHAM TELESCOPES FACE MORE TROUBLE

A recent news conference held by Italian Deputies at the Italian Parliament
publicized new legislation which would disallow and prevent Italy's
participation in a telescope project that desecrates a sacred Apache
mountain in Arizona, Mt. Graham.  The Parliamentary Motion was co-signed by
over 80 members of Italy's House of Deputies, from different political
parties.

The Italian government would restrict funding for Italy's partnership in the
Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) to a "different site than Mt. Graham."  The
Deputies pointed out that the project was destructive to traditional Apache
religious liberty, a unique and vulnerable forest ecosystem, and its
endangered species.  The motion points out that lobbyists for the University
of Arizona had to have the U.S. Congress specially exempt the project (in
1988) from compliance with U.S. environmental protection laws.  It also says
that the project "clearly violates international accords for the protection
of biodiversity...[and] traditional cultures" signed by Italy at Rio de
Janeiro and Jakarta.

This notorious project has lost many partners as all U.S. and North American
universities (over 25), except Ohio State University, have abandoned or
rejected this University of Arizona project for ethical reasons and because
superior science was being performed elsewhere.

At Ohio State University (Columbus, OH) this month student council
candidates who were recently elected called for a Mt. Graham investigation
by the OSU faculty Senate.  They asked why their school should invest
millions in a telescope project when the San Carlos Apache Tribal Council,
medicine people and elders have written countless proclamations opposing
this desecration.  These candidates signed an announcement that appeared
(April 16) in the OSU newspaper, The Lantern.   They question why their
school selected a culturally and environmentally destructive site when
scientific studies show 38 better U.S. sites for the telescope.  Members of
the Student Environmental Action Coalition-OSU have pointed out that email
recovered through the Ohio Public Records Law revealed that partnerships
have been available to OSU at world class telescopes elsewhere.

In related news, last week in Washington D.C. (April 20) Apache elder Ola
Cassadore Davis was awarded the Preservation Award by the Washington D.C.
organization, Women in Preservation.  Suzan Harjo (Native American) of the
Morning Star Foundation cited Ola's contributions and efforts toward
cultural protection of the sacred Apache mountain, Dzil Nchaa Si An, or Mt.
Graham-- now under siege by a handful of astronomers.

For information:   Paul Roland (Italian parliament info.), Portland OR, 503
293-3884; Robert Witzeman, M.D., Maricopa Audubon Society, 602 840-0052;
Student Environmental Action Coalition-OSU,  Columbus OH, Chris Sheffield
614-291-4064, Jon Green 614 261-1826, Dave Hill 614 262 3935;  Dave Hodges,
Student Environmental Action-Southwest, Tucson, AZ 520 322 9819; Suzan
Harjo, Morning Star Foundation, Wash. D.C. 202 547-5531; John Fitzgerald,
Esq., Mt. Graham Coalition, Wash. D.C. 303 384-6629.

__________________________________________________________________--
Parliamentary Acts, Italian House of Deputies, XIII Legislature  -  Appendix
B to the Record, pp. 16031-16033  -  Session of
March 26, 1998

MOTION IN THE HOUSE:

WHEREAS,  Dzil Nchaa Si An, "Big-Seated Mountain" in the Apache language,
known as Mt. Graham, in the Pinaleno Chain of the National Forest in Graham
County, Arizona, represents a unique legacy of biological diversity in N.
Am., being one of the few undisturbed "Sky Island" ecosystems of the
Southwest U.S. and Mexico;
WHEREAS, this area possesses five of the seven vegetation zones of N. Am..,
which go from desert vegetation to virgin boreal spruce-fir forest, a
vegetative association particularly rare for that latitude;
WHEREAS, on the mountain lives the entire population of the Mt. Graham Red
Squirrel (Tamiasciuris hudsonicus grahamensis), a species designated to be
at risk of extinction according to the federal Endangered Species Act;
WHEREAS, 17 other rare and endemic plant and animal species also live on the
mountain, among them: Microtus longicaudus leucophaeus, Thomomys Bottae
grahamensis, Orehelix grahamensis, Scaphinotus petersi grahami;
WHEREAS, until 1873, the year in which it was removed from the San Carlos
Apache Indian Reservation, which had been created just two years before, Mt.
Graham had since time immemorial a central role in Apache culture;
WHEREAS, also after that date it continued to represent a place of profound
sacredness for the traditional religious practitioners who continued to
perform their ceremonies and prayers in great respect for nature in the most
remote and uncontaminated sites of the mountain, where the sacred springs
necessary for the carrying out of their ceremonies are found;
WHEREAS, the University of Arizona is the promoter of a project which
initially proposed the construction of 18 telescopes on the mountain's
peaks, subsequently reduced to seven;
WHEREAS, the Italian State, by way of Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, is
directly involved in the construction of the most important of the
telescopes in question, called the Large Binocular Telescope, which will be
the largest optical telescope in the Northern Hemisphere;
WHEREAS, the approximately four hectares (10 acres) assigned to the first
three observatories are located on one of the principal peaks, in the zone
above 3000 meters--substantially undisturbed before work on the telescopes;
WHEREAS, the telescopes are considered a real desecration of the mountain
top by traditionalists of the San Carlos Apache tribe;
WHEREAS, the Tribal Council, the official representative body of the San
Carlos Apaches, has more than once declared its opposition to the
telescopes' installation, also by way of official resolutions;
WHREAS, eight of nine Apache tribes in the U.S. have approved an
inter-tribal resolution (Inter-Apache Policy on the Protection of Apache
Cultures) in support of the San Carlos tribe;
WHEREAS, numerous tribal councils and Native peoples' organizations have
supported the resolutions of the San Carlos Tribal council in defense of Mt.
Graham, among them the International Indian Treaty council, the National
Congress of American Indians, the American Indian Religious Freedom
Coalition, the Tohono O'Odham Tribal Council and six other Indian tribes;
WHEREAS, the environmental impact of the telescopes has not yet been
definitively and adequately established, insofar as all the studies required
by U.S. environmental laws have not been completed;
WHEREAS, three of the seven telescopes wanted by the University of Arizona
have received "special" legislative treatment with exemption from a number
of environmental and cultural protection laws (National Environmental Policy
Act and Endangered Species Act), through an amendment inserted in the
Arizona-Idaho Conservation Act (AICA), approved by the U.S. Congress in
1988;
WHEREAS, tree-cutting work, in preparation for the construction of the
observatory [LBT], was blocked by the District Court of Tucson in July 1994
(a decision subsequently confirmed by the Ninth Court of Appeals in San
Francisco) because it was done outside the area allowed by the AICA;
WHEREAS, the Univ. of Arizona and the partners in the project went back to
the Congress once again to evade environmental and cultural protection laws,
succeeding in April, 1996 with an Amendment to the Omnibus Appropriation
Bill, and obtained an exemption also for the contested site;
WHEREAS, the General Accounting Office, an agency with oversight over
Federal bodies, officially declared in 1990 that the Forest Service should
redo the environmental impact studies required by the Endangered Species
Act--given the bias of the previous ones-- studies which were never done
because of the 1988 exemption;
WHEREAS, between April and May, 1996, a major fire burned around 2500
hectares (6000 acres) of forest on Mt. Graham rendering even more critical
the Red Squirrel's long-term chances of survival, and even more necessary
the studies of the impact of the telescopes not completed because of the
legal exemptions;
WHEREAS, the two exemptions approved by the Congress in the form of
amendments constitute a negative legislative and policy precedent for the
safeguarding of the environment, enough to mobilize some of the principal
U.S. environmental organizations (Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund, National
Audubon Soc., Humane Society of the U.S., Save America's Forests, Defenders
of Wildlife, Student Environmental Action Coalition);
WHEREAS, in August, 1996, the President's Council on Historic Preservation,
the agency charged with oversight authority on compliance with the National
Historic Preservation Act, urged the Forest Service to determine whether
Mount Graham had the requisites to be protected under that law (keeping in
mind that the Forest Service was supposed to do that for some time); and to
be listed in the National Register of Historic Places;
WHEREAS, the fact that for the first time respected scientific institutions
are promoters of a project which doesn't respect protection of the
environment and the rights of Native peoples is a strong reason for concern
and worry;
WHEREAS, prestigious national [Italian] organizations have joined the
campaign in opposition to the Observatory construction, including ACLI
[Catholic cultural association], ARCI [leftist cultural assoc.], Legambiente
["Environmental League"], Italian Wilderness Association, Friends of the
Earth, Italian Committee in Defense of Mt. Graham, the national network in
support of Native Americans, and the Italian sections of World Wildlife
Fund, Greenpeace and Survival International;
WHEREAS, numerous American scientific institutions, including the
prestigious Smithsonian Institution and Harvard Univ., have withdrawn from
the project, redirecting their funds for the construction of telescopes in
places seen as superior;
WHEREAS, 50 astronomers from universities such as Oxford, Cambridge,
Edinburgh, Glasgow, Durham, Manchester, Liverpool, Sussex, etc. and various
members of the int'l. scientific community, the Soc. for Conservation
Biology and Scientists for the Preservation of Mt. Graham have signed an
appeal to save the sacred mtn., asking "to find an alternative site to
construct the telescopes so as to preserve a natural environment unique in
the world and the sacredness of Mt. Graham";
WHEREAS, the construction of the telescopes clearly violates international
accords for the protection of biodiversity which the Italian government has
joined in signing at the conferences in Rio de Janeiro and Jakarta and in
which traditional cultures are also considered to be eco-compatible, as
indispensable agents for the safeguard of the environment;
WHEREAS, the choice of Mt. Graham is above all tied to economic motivations
given its nearness to the University of Arizona's campus, but other sites
exist which are fit to host the project.

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT THIS MOTION DIRECTS THE GOVERNMENT: to
restrict the use of the financing for the Large Binocular Telescope to the
choice of a different site than Mt. Graham, a choice to be made with respect
for the biology of the site and without violating the culture and religious
sense of the interested people(s).
 [83 Deputies undersigned]
____________________________________________________________________________
Shane Jimerfield                                    Tel: 520.623.5252, ext. 302
Assistant Director                                  Fax: 520.623.9797
Southwest Center for Biological Diversity    email: [log in to unmask]
PO Box 710, Tucson AZ 85702-0710                    http://www.sw-center.org



        To unsubscribe from SEAC+ANNOUNCE send a message to
        [log in to unmask] with the word
        unsubscribe in the subject. If you have any problems
        please write to: [log in to unmask]

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

Advanced Options


Options

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password


Search Archives

Search Archives


Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe


Archives

February 2017
January 2017
May 2015
March 2015
January 2015
May 2014
February 2014
November 2013
October 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
September 2012
April 2012
February 2012
November 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
April 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
July 2003
June 2003
April 2003
March 2003
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
May 2000
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
December 1998
October 1998
September 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998

ATOM RSS1 RSS2



LIST.UVM.EDU

CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager