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I2-TEAM  June 1999

I2-TEAM June 1999

Subject:

FYI: Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Act (Proposed)

From:

Steve Cavrak <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

UVM Internet2 Development Team <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 11 Jun 1999 16:48:07 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (134 lines)

/* -------------------------------------------------- */
/* Spotted by Janet Franz, EPSCoR .                   */
/* -------------------------------------------------- */


Compiled by the Office of Federal Relations-Higher
Education National Association of State Universities and
Land-Grant Colleges (http://www.nasulgc.org)

Jerry Roschwalb, Director
Laila Van Eyck, Assistant Director
Katrina Briscoe, Administrative Assistant
Darin Renner, Intern


NETWORKING AND INFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT (NITRDA)

Congressman James Sensenbrenner (R-WI), Chairman of the
House Science Committee, recently introduced a new bill
authorizing major new legislation in information
technology and research and development.  It would amend
the High Performance Computing Act of 1991 (15 USC
5503).  H.R. 2086, The Networking and Information
Technology Research and Development Act (NITRD) is a
five-year, bipartisan, authorization bill that focuses
on information technology research grants for long-term
basic research, with priority areas addressing high-end
computing, software and network stability, fragility,
and security and provides authorizations for terascale
computing hardware. In addition, the legislation
permanently extends the research and development tax
credit and requires the National Science Foundation to
research and report to Congress on the availability of
encryption in foreign countries.  Co-sponsors include:
George Brown (D-CA), Tom Davis (R-VA), Connie Morella
(R-MD) and twenty-two other House members (see attached
list).

A copy of the bill will be available on-line early next
week.  The Chairman intends to hold hearings on this
legislation in the next few weeks.


Major Points of the Sensenbrenner Proposal

Research Funding and New Grants

*Authorizes nearly $4.8 billion for Information
Technology Research for FY 2000 through 2004, almost
doubling current combined IT research funding in
agencies under the Science Committee's jurisdiction.
These funds would be dispersed among six federal
agencies: NSF, NASA, DOE, EPA, NOAA and NIST. ($4.3
billion would be authorized for education, technology
and IT research. $385 million under Terascale Computing,
and $111 million for Next Generation Internet.  NGI
funding is for FY 2000 though FY 2002.)

Education and Training

*Establishes a $95 million program to award grants to
college students for internships at IT companies.  To
participate in the program a company must commit to
providing 50 percent of the cost of the internship.

Hardware acquisition

*NSF will administer a new combined terascale computing
acquisition program.

*Authorizes a total of $385 million for new computer
hardware for terascale computing.

Tax Policy

*Makes the Research and Development Tax Credit permanent
by amending Sections 41 and 45C(b) of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986.  This incorporates the earlier tax
credit proposal introduced as HR 760 (cosponsored by
Sensenbrenner and Ranking Minority Member George E.
Brown Jr., D-CA)

Computer Security

*Requires NSF to research and report to Congress on the
availability of encryption in foreign countries and how
they compare to the encryption technologies subject to
export restrictions in the United States. NSF would be
required to submit this report within six months of
enactment.

Comparison with the Administration Plan

The Administration's IT-squared plan funds IT research
for FY 2000 at $366 million for new programs and a total
spending for such research at $1.8 billion.  Whereas,
Sensenbrenner's plan extends the funding for five years
at a cost of $4.8 billion.

Also, in a recent speech to the Technology Network of
Palo Alto California, Sensenbrenner stated the
Administration's proposal would provide too much funding
for applied research  (such as DOE) rather than basic
research.  He noted that long-term development requires
more support for basic research. As a result, his
proposal authorizes fewer funds for DOE and more for
NSF. According to the House Science Committee, the
differences in funding percentages for the two groups
are as follows:

*FY 2000 Administration: DOE - 22%; NSF - 53%

*FY 2000 Science: DOE - 14%; NSF - 62%

*The funding percentages for NASA, EPA, NOAA and NIST
would be very similar under the two proposals.

_______________
Additional Co-sponsors for HR 2086:

Science Committee Vice Chairman Vern Ehlers (R-MI),
Basic Research Subcommittee Chairman Nick Smith (R-MI),
Energy and Environment Subcommittee Chairman Ken Calvert
(R-CA), Space and Aeronautics Subcommittee Chairman Dana
Rohrbacher (R-CA), Reps. Tom Ewing (R-IL), Merrill Cook
(R-UT), Kevin Brady (R-TX), Dave Weldon (R-FL), Steve
Kuykendall (R-CA), Frank Lucas (R-OK), Roscoe Bartlett
(R-MD), Gil Gutknecht (R-MN), Bart Gordon (D-TN), Zoe
Lofgren (D-CA), Bob Etheridge (D-NC), Debbie Stabenow
(D-MI), Mike Doyle (D-PA), Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX),
Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX), Michael Capuano (D-MA), Mark
Udall (D-CO), and Lynn Woolsey (D-CA).

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