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COMMUNET  August 1999, Week 2

COMMUNET August 1999, Week 2

Subject:

Internet Reaches Layman in Middle East

From:

John Walker <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Community and Civic Network discussion list <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 8 Aug 1999 12:27:15 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (376 lines)

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The following is an excerpt from the CSS Internet News. If you are
going to pass this along to other Netizens please ensure that the
complete message is forwarded with all attributes intact.

--------------------

Internet Reaches Layman in Middle East

Internet Arab World gauges new trends in Internet growth in region:
surge in number of non-specialized users, growth in home use, and
marginal increase in number of women users

By Fawaz Jarrah, DIT Online
Editor
DUBAI: August 5, 1999
http://www.ditnet.co.ae/itnews/newsaug99/newsaug5.html

The Internet is gaining a wider popular appeal among communities in
the Middle East, drawing more users from lower educational
backgrounds and entering more homes than offices, according to a
study by Internet Arab World (IAW) magazine.

In the past year and a half the number of Internet users in the
region who held only a high-school certificate or less has
dramatically increased, surging from 17 percent to 27 percent. The
increase comes entirely from new adult users since the study showed
that the percentage of users at school age remained unchanged over
the period.

The percentage of users with only an undergraduate (bachelor)
university degree decreased by about five points, but the group
remained dominant, standing at 58.6 percent. As the total number of
Internet users in the Arab world has risen to an estimated 1.1
million today, the population of the group should be more than
600,000.

Holders of PhDs and master's degree accounted for 14.5 percent of
those surveyed, which was a drop of about five percent over 18
months.

The study, which is based on a user profile survey conducted online
for the second time in a year and a half by the IAW Research Unit on
a sample of more than 1000 Internet users in Arab countries, also
showed that an increasing number of users were spending more time on
the Internet at home than in office.

The majority of respondents, 72 percent, said home was the primary
place where they accessed the Internet, while only 22 percent said
it was the office. The statistics reflected a major shift towards
home Internet access. Participants in the first survey were almost
equally divided in their responses.

The new study showed that four percent of users were accessing the
Web mainly at school, college or university, and two percent used
mainly Web cafes.

"The trend where home is becoming the primary place for Internet
access and the increasing use of the Web by the layman generally
follows the same pattern observed in the United States. It's an
indicator of the increasing popularity of the Internet," said Abdul
Kader Kamli, editor-in-chief of Internet Arab World and PC Magazine
Arabic.

"Though Internet penetration in the Arab world as a whole is still
limited despite the potentially huge market, the Internet has become
part of the daily life for hundreds of thousands of users in the
region," he said.

Many factors are contributing to the increasing popularity of the
Internet among Arab users, which include falling rates of Internet
access - though they are still high by Western standards - that were
encouraging more people to subscribe at home, and an increasing
awareness of the benefits and various services available online.

Kamli, however, said companies in the region were still falling back
on Internet use, which he blamed on the relatively high cost of
migrating business online, anxiety from trying non-traditional
business methods, and lack of appreciation of the full potential the
Web held for them as a business, marketing and communication tool,
and as a huge source of useful information.

"As consumers now start to lead Internet expansion in the region, we
hope that they end up driving more businesses to go online," he
said.

"Unlike the Arab world, the primary place of Internet use in Europe
is the office. Besides the growing use of the Internet in electronic
commerce where it's still at its infancy in the Middle East,
European businesses are now putting the Internet to a better and
wiser use in their offices while being economic on its use at home,
which mainly serves entertainment purposes, followed by reasons of
self improvement," he said.

The study also showed that the average age of Internet users in the
Arab world had meanwhile increased by one year to reach 30, but
remained younger than the global average, which stands at 33 years.

Users between the age of 21 and 35 constituted the largest age group
in the sample, accounting for 70 percent of the sample. Those
between the age of 16 and 20 were almost nine percent, users at the
age of 15 and below were only one percent. User between the 36 and 45
accounted for almost 16 percent of the sample, and those above 45
years were only 4.5 percent. The youngest respondent was 13 years old
while the oldest was 68.

Thursday night, which is the beginning of the weekend in most Arabic
countries, turned out to be the peak time of the week for Internet
access. Thursday was reported by 35 percent of the respondents to be
the preferred day of the week to surf the Web, followed by Friday,
about 26 percent, and Saturday, about 14 percent. Monday attracted
the smallest number of users, 3.5 percent.

The study showed that Internet traffic in the region was highest
between 10:00 pm and midnight, with 21 percent of the respondents
saying it was the most convenient time for them. Ten percent of the
sample used the Internet after midnight and nine percent used it
8:00-10:00 pm. Fifteen percent, however, surfed the Net anytime
during the day. Traffic was lowest in the early morning hours and
throughout the afternoon.

English was the second language at varying levels of proficiency for
88 percent of those surveyed, followed by French. The figure,
however, should not be taken as reflecting the pan-Arab language
scene since only small numbers of the respondents came from Algeria,
Morocco, Tunisia and Lebanon, where French is widely spoken as a
second language.

The majority of the respondents were in Saudi Arabia; 34 percent,
followed by Egypt; 18 percent, United Arab Emirates; 12 percent,
Jordan; eight percent, Bahrain; seven percent, and Kuwait; six
percent.

The Internet community in the Arab world remained overwhelmingly
dominated by men, with only a marginal increase in the number of
women users in the sample from 4.2 percent to six percent. However,
the smaller participation in the survey by Arab countries with more
liberal attitude towards women may be offset in the survey by adding
two or three percentage points to the outcome.

The study also showed that the largest professional group among
respondents - 25 percent - came from computer-related and
telecommunications businesses and industries. Fifteen percent of
them were engineers and the rest were mainly technical staff.

Professional groups included engineers in other specializations,
management or technical consultants, businessmen, marketing,
advertising and sales executives, medical professionals, journalist,
accountants and students.



Distribution of Users by Profession

Engineers - computer/telecom                    15%

Engineers – other than computer/telecom         11.1%

Technicians – computer/telecom                  10%

Consultants – management/technical               5.4%

Managers/administrators                          4.7%

Accountants                                      3.9%

Medical staff/pharmacists                        3.1%

Salespersons                                     2.7%

Physicians                                       2.1%

Marketing specialists                            1.9%

Graphic/art designers                            1.5%

Media professionals/writers                      1.3%

Architect/interior designers                     0.9%

Others                                          36.4%



Percentage of users online throughout the day

6:00am-8:00am                                    3%

8:00am-10:00am                                   6%

10:00am- noon                                    7%

Noon-2:00pm                                      3.5%

2:00pm-4:00pm                                    3.5%

4:00pm-6:00pm                                    4%

6:00pm-8:00pm                                    5%

8:00pm-10:00pm                                   9%

10:00pm- midnight                               21%

After midnight                                  10%

Only at night                                    6%

No specific time                                15%



Percentage of users online throughout the week

Saturday                                        14.2%

Sunday                                           7.5%

Monday                                           3.5%

Tuesday                                          4.6%

Wednesday                                        8.9%

Thursday                                        35%

Friday                                          26.3%



Percentage of users according to educational level

Highschool certificate and below                27%

Vocational/technical certificates                7%

Bachelor degrees                                44.5%

Graduate degrees (below Master’s)                7%

Master’s degrees                                11%

Phd and other doctorate degrees                  3.5%



Percentage of users by age groups

15 and under                                     0.9%

16-20                                            9.3%

21-26                                           31.9%

27-35                                           37.7%

36-45                                           15.7%

46 and above                                     4.5%

Links:

http://www.iawmag.co.ae/survey/inetuses/index2.html

-----------------

Also in this issue:

- Internet Reaches Layman in Middle East
    Internet Arab World gauges new trends in Internet growth in region:
    surge in number of non-specialized users, growth in home use, and
    marginal increase in number of women users
- Distance Learning: The New Imperative (India)
    Against a background of global trade, technological innovation and
    economic upheaval, every culture is confronted with profound changes
    today. Members of societies in every country in the world must be
    prepared to cope with the new economy and their education systems
    must help them to do so.
- Economic survey on Internet (Pakistan)
    The Ministry of Finance is launching Economic Survey for 1998-99 on
    the Internet for the first time in the next few days, it was learnt.
- Capture summer on a disk (Canada)
    Cameras: smaller and more sophisticated
    Traditionally, men buy the cameras and women organize the photo
    albums. But digital imaging is changing that.
- Taiwan accuses China of using Internet to spread rumors (Asia)
    Taiwan on Saturday accused China of spreading rumors of military
    confrontation on the Internet.
- Clinton administration launches review of laws to prevent Internet
  crime (US)
    The White House plans to set up an inter-agency team to evaluate
    whether existing laws are sufficient to cover illegal activities on
    the Internet, it said in a statement Friday.
- Nexor Brings E-Mail Scanner To United States (US)
    A U.K. supplier of secure-messaging software wants to help U.S.
    companies manage the flow of e-mail to protect and filter business
    data.
- Birth of a cybernation (UK)
    The constitution is in Serbo-Croat, English and French
- Internet becomes lifeline to the deaf (US)
    For David Smario, the Internet was the business opportunity of a
    lifetime. The Hayward programmer can now land contracts without
    having to reveal that he's deaf.
- New Lists and Journals
    * Asia
    * isp-outsourcing
    * PATC
- Sunday Supplement
EDITORIAL           As the UK ISP market reaches saturation point AOL
                    announce plans to roll out yet another free
                    Internet service for the British market. Sorcha Ni
                    hEilidhe in More Freebies
ADS/MARKETING      :US Online Ad Spending to Hit USD32 Billion
BUSINESS USE       :ROI Measurement Key for E-Business
                   :Fraud Not a Problem for E-Retailers
                   :National Retailers to Dominate Net Commerce
COMPUTER INDUSTRY  :Global PC Shipments Up 27 Percent
                   :Online Software Sales to Top USD32.9 Billion
                   :Report Ranks Top US Technology Centres
                   :Silicon Valley Facing Staffing Crisis
E-COMMERCE         :Brazil Driving Latin American Ecommerce
                   :Ireland Must Act Quickly On Ecommerce
GOV/LEG            :US Online Liquor Law Likely to Prove Divisive
                   :FTC Calls for Regulation of Online Pharmacies
ISPS               :UK ISP Audience Proves Difficult to Categorise
                   :Freeserve Flotation Records Early Success
                   :UK ISP Market Reaching Saturation Point




On-line Learning Series of Courses
http://www.bestnet.org/~jwalker/course.htm

Member: Association for International Business
-------------------------------

Excerpt from CSS Internet News (tm)  ,-~~-.____
For subscription details email      / |  '     \
[log in to unmask] with              (   )        0
SUBINFO CSSINEWS in the             \_/-, ,----'
subject line.                          ====           //
                                       /  \-'~;    /~~~(O)
"On the Internet no one               /  __/~|   /       |
knows you're a dog"                 =(  _____| (_________|

http://www.bestnet.org/~jwalker

-------------------------------

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