Frank writes ...
      Interesting stuff. Are there any sites that have more about the

Hmm. So I ask google [journal of pediatrics], and it gave me a very academic
looking site. At UVM, at least, I can browse the site ... and can get the
citation for the article.

Xiaoming Li and Melissa S. Atkins
Early Childhood Computer Experience and Cognitive and Motor Development
Pediatrics 2004; 113: 1715-1722. [Abstract]
[Full text]
<>  [PDF]

Full Text:

Here's the abstract: PEDIATRICS Vol. 113 No. 6 June 2004, pp. 1715-1722

Early Childhood Computer Experience and Cognitive and Motor Development

Objectives. To explore the association between early computer experience
(both accessibility and frequency of use) and cognitive and psychomotor
development among young children.

Methods. The participants were 122 preschool children enrolled in a rural
county Head Start program in the United States during 2001-2002. The
following tests were administered to the children: the Bender Visual Motor
Gestalt Test; the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts, Third Edition Preschool; the
Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition; and a short form of the
Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence-Revised. Information
pertaining to family characteristics and children's early computer
experience was collected from parents. Both bivariate and multivariate
analyses were used to assess the association between early computer
experience and cognitive and motor development.

Results. Of the participating children, 53% had a computer at home. Among
families who had a computer, 83% had children's software on the computer.
According to parents' reports, 29% of these children played on the home
computer on a daily basis, and an additional 44% of the children played on
the computer at least weekly. Of those families who did not have a home
computer, 49% reported that their children had access to a computer
somewhere outside home. Among these children, 10% had daily access to the
computer and 33% had weekly access. The presence of a computer in the home
was significantly associated with the family's income and the educational
attainment of the parents. There was no gender difference in computer
accessibility and frequency use among the participating children. Children
who had access to a computer performed better on measures of school
readiness and cognitive development, controlling for children's
developmental stage and family socioeconomic status. The data in the current
study did not suggest a relationship between computer experience and visual
motor or gross motor skills among the participating children.

Conclusion. The findings in the present study suggest that early computer
exposure before or during the preschool years is associated with development
of preschool concepts and cognition among young children. However, frequency
of use did not reveal such a relationship; neither did the ownership of
other child electronic or video games in the household.


Xiaoming Li, PhD* and Melissa S. Atkins, PhD{ddagger}

* Wayne State University Pediatric Prevention Research Center, Detroit,
{ddagger} <> Ohio
University Department of Psychology, Athens, Ohio

Key Words: computer . cognitive development . preschoolers . motor
development . school readiness

Abbreviations: SES, socioeconomic status . Boehm-3 Preschool, Boehm Test of
Basic Concepts, Third Edition Preschool . TGMD-2, Test of Gross Motor
Development, Second Edition . WPPSI-R, Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale
of Intelligence-Revised . MANCOVA, multivariate analysis of covariance


Received for publication Jan 30, 2003; accepted Jan 26, 2004.