Correction inserted... > -----Original Message----- > From: Grkovich, Alex [SMTP:[log in to unmask]] > Sent: Thursday, July 22, 2004 3:14 PM > To: [log in to unmask] > Subject: Re: [VTLEPS] priority block survey > > Hi Patty... > > First, on the "white" Sulphurs: They are females (almost always...VERY > rarely [Grkovich, Alex] males can be white - I've never seen one, > knowingly) of Orange or Clouded Sulphurs, that > occur quite frequently...It is suspected that they are part of a mimicry > complex involving Whites (Cabbage, Checkered, Mustard, and West Virginia) > ion the east that are unpalatable to birds...The much less conspicuous > Pink > Edged Sulphur (C. interior) has white females as well...Out west, > unpalatable Parnassians join in the fray...This is known as Mullerian > Mimicry - in which unpalatable butterflies all mimic each other in order > to > present a more formidable wall of distasteful butterflies to prospective > vertebrate predators...The Monarch and Viceroy (and Queen and Soldier in > the > south) are examples of Batesian Mimicry, in which a palatable species > mimics > an unpalatable one (although recent evidence suggests that at least in the > south and southwest, Viceroys may be inedible as well, such that this may > be > Mullerian Mimicry...another example of Batesian mimicry is the Pipevine > Swallowtail as model (protected, inedible) for edible females of Black and > Spicebush Swallowtails, black female Eastern Tiger Swallowtails (rare in > central and northern New England), and Red Spotted Purples... > > The Wood Nymph problem is that what you are seeing is probably the > Northern > Wood Nymph (Cercyonis pegala [subspecies] nephele), which is the Wood > Nymph > "form" of the Canadian Zone areas of New England and the Upper > Midwest...It > is very dark form, lacking the light orange FW patch...The unusual thing > about nephele is that (besides having a very fast flight) it very > frequently > visits flowers, which is quite uncharacteristic for Wood Nymphs (and > Satyrs > in general)...In central VT we should encounter all sorts of integrades > between the Northern Wood Nymph (nephele) and the "Common" Wood Nymph (C. > p. > ochraceae, or alope, or whatever - the taxonomy of the Wood Nymphs needs > review)...One final comment; in the southern part (lowland) of VT, watch > for > a form with the light orange or yellow patch well-developed, but with the > LOWER FW eyespot much reduced...This is characteristic of the Southern > Wood > Nymph (C. p. pegala) which ranges north to coastal Virginia with > integrades > into New Jersey and occasionally into southeastern Mass. I found a couple > like this near Green River, Windham Co (VT) last July 20th...Rather > surprising to find this form so far north, but they obviously occur > there...A future paper of The Taxonomic Report of TILS id planned which > will > deal with the entire "Common" Wood Nymph taxonomic situation... > > Alex > > PS I'm not trying to "push" TILS...I'm just informing that a paper is > planned on the subject... > > > -----Original Message----- > > From: Jim Lambert [SMTP:[log in to unmask]] > > Sent: Thursday, July 22, 2004 1:24 PM > > To: [log in to unmask] > > Subject: [VTLEPS] priority block survey > > > > My survey on the rail trail was the least productive ever. They have > been > > mowing the sides of the path so there were no wild flowers there. I > guess > > I need to find a new spot for the summer. I saw three large orange > > butterflies they flew too fast or were too far away. ? Monarch or > > Fritillary, 3 blue, 29 sulpher, fritillary,and a wood nymph. I thought I > > saw 3 whites but I looked at 4 sulphers with binoculars or net and > release > > and found them to be very pale green almost white. If this is a white > form > > of the orange sulpher than maybe the whites that I thought were cabbage > > white were not. I have a question. The wood nymph is not like to common > > wood nymph I saw the other day so I don't know what it is. It is dark > > brown on both sides and 2.5 inches across. The underside has two large > > eye spots on the forewing. They are black with a white/silver center > > surrounded by a thin yellow/tan ring. There are no eye spots on the hind > > wing, just two very very tiny white spots. There is some > > shading/watermark appearance like the back of a pearly eye. The same two > > eye spots are on the front just not as bright as the back. Is it a > > variation on the common wood nymph or something different? I will be > > sending it in. Patty Lambert > > > > > CAUTION PLEASE NOTE: The information contained in this transmission is > intended to be sent only to the stated recipient of the transmission. If > the > reader of this message is not the intended recipient or the intended > recipient's agent, you are hereby notified that we do not intend to waive > any privilege that might ordinarily be attached to this communication. Any > dissemination, distribution or copying of the information contained in > this > transmission is therefore prohibited. You are further asked to notify us > of > any such error in transmission as soon as possible at the telephone > number/email address shown above. Thank you for your cooperation. > > CAUTION PLEASE NOTE: The information contained in this transmission is intended to be sent only to the stated recipient of the transmission. If the reader of this message is not the intended recipient or the intended recipient's agent, you are hereby notified that we do not intend to waive any privilege that might ordinarily be attached to this communication. Any dissemination, distribution or copying of the information contained in this transmission is therefore prohibited. You are further asked to notify us of any such error in transmission as soon as possible at the telephone number/email address shown above. Thank you for your cooperation.