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>Monarch Watch Update - January 31, 2006
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org
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>
>==========================================
>
>Contents:
>
>1) Status of the Population
>
>2) Monarch Waystations
>
>3) Western Monarchs
>
>4) White Monarchs
>
>5) California Conference
>
>6) Tag Recoveries
>
>7) Tagging Datasheets
>
>8) About Monarch Watch
>
>==========================================
>
>Unless otherwise noted, all content was authored by Chip Taylor, 
>edited by Jim Lovett and Sarah Schmidt, and published by Jim Lovett. 
>The complete web version of this update is available at: 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html
>
>==========================================
>
>1) Status of the Population
>
>Although the number of monarchs overwintering in Mexico this year is 
>higher than last year (2.19 hectares), we still don't have a good 
>idea of the overall size of the population. Reports from those who 
>have visited various monarch colonies in Mexico indicate that while 
>at least one colony is larger than normal, others are normal in size 
>or smaller than usual. Even though the information available at this 
>time is fragmentary, it would appear that the total population will 
>be within the range of 5-7 hectares. If true, the size of the 
>population will fit the predictions made in the July 2005 Update. 
>Hopefully, we will be able to cite the official measurements 
>generated by the efforts of Eduardo Rendon and his crew from World 
>Wildlife Fund Mexico next month. ...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#1 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>2) Monarch Waystations
>
>When we created the Monarch Waystation program, we envisioned that 
>only Americans and a few Canadians would be interested in creating 
>their own monarch habitats. We overlooked the fact that there are 
>monarch lovers in many parts of the world and that the habitat 
>issues we've raised to justify the Waystation program resonate with 
>people elsewhere. Our oversight was brought to our attention by an 
>inquiry about how to create a Monarch Waystation in New Zealand and 
>an application from Erika Gates to register a Monarch Waystation on 
>Grand Bahama Island - fantastic! ...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#2 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>3) Western Monarchs - by Mia Monroe
>
>The Pineapple Express (warm and very wet tropical storms) hit the 
>west coast for several weeks from Winter Solstice through the new 
>year. Intrepid monitors visited sites in early January to see just 
>which sites offered protection to butterflies, the status of the 
>western population and to continue to provide tours to the public...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#3 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>4) White Monarchs
>
>... I'll get to that eventually but what brings white monarchs to 
>the fore at this juncture is the discovery of what may be the first 
>white monarch in Australia in at least 25 years. The very first 
>white monarch in Australia was found in Brisbane in 1980 (De Baar 
>1982). The recent discovery was brought to my attention via an email 
>from Nigel Venters sent on the 1st of January. Nigel had been in 
>communication with Anne Collins, a butterfly breeder in Australia. 
>Anne had the good fortune to catch a white female monarch and two 
>male monarchs with hind wings that were mostly white in Cornubia, 
>30km south of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The name for the all 
>white monarch form is nivosus. The partially white monarchs vary in 
>the area of white/orange on the hind wing and are considered to be 
>aberrations. Anne contacted Nigel to get his advice on how to breed 
>from the white female. ...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#4 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>5) California Conference
>
>The big event in December was the monarch conference (8-9 December) 
>sponsored by California Polytechnic State University (known as Cal 
>Poly) and Helen Johnson of Salinas, California. ... The meeting was 
>a mixture of talks by speakers, such as Lincoln Brower, Karen 
>Oberhauser, Dennis Frey, Sonia Altizer, Andy Davis and myself, 
>breakout sessions to discuss topics such as how to improve 
>monarch-monitoring programs and poster sessions by students. Student 
>participation in the meeting was supported by Karen Oberhauser's 
>Monarch Larva Monitoring Program. In addition, on the second day, we 
>visited the local monarch colony at Pismo where there were 
>demonstrations of tagging, discussions of monarch reproductive 
>biology, etc. For those who stayed after the meeting, Karen 
>Oberhauser arranged for a trip to Morrow Bay State Park and north 
>along the Pacific coast to San Simeon State Beach and Piedras Blancas. ...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#5 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>6) Tag Recoveries
>
>The first tags recovered in Mexico this overwintering season were 
>sent to us by Eduardo Rendon Salinas. Eduardo works for the World 
>Wildlife Foundation Mexico where he is in charge of several projects 
>including the monitoring of the monarch colonies. This is the second 
>year in a row that Eduardo has provided information on the first 
>tags of the year. These tags were found as Eduardo and his team 
>began their surveys of the colonies. ... Anna Maria Moreno found the 
>9 tags listed below at Los Carditos, a monarch colony on Cerro Pelon. ...
>
>[ Read the full text of this article at 
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update/2006/0131.html#6 ]
>
>==========================================
>
>7) Tagging Datasheets
>
>We would like to thank all of you who have turned in your 
>datasheets. The data from these sheets is being entered into a 
>database as these records are received. The database will be used to 
>extract the data for each recovery and to identify the regional 
>differences in tagging and recovery success. We may also be able to 
>infer the relative size of the monarch population from these data. 
>Judging by the number of datasheets being returned, we suspect that 
>the ratio of butterflies tagged to the number of tags issued will be 
>the best in the history of our program. In most years only 25-35% of 
>the tags are used. The proportion should be higher this year.
>
>If you have yet to send us your datasheet, please locate it before 
>it gets lost and send it on to us. The quality of the data improves 
>as the records become more complete.
>
>==========================================
>
>8) About Monarch Watch
>
>Monarch Watch (http://www.MonarchWatch.org) is a not-for-profit 
>educational outreach program based at the University of Kansas. We 
>manage several educational, conservation and research programs - 
>focusing on the monarch butterfly, its habitat and the spectacular 
>fall monarch migration.
>
>Previous updates are available online at
>
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org/update
>
>If you have any questions about this email or any of our programs 
>please feel free to contact us anytime.
>
>Thank you for your continued interest and support!
>
>Monarch Watch
>http://www.MonarchWatch.org
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