Fully adult BEs with established successful nesting territories 
usually stick around as long as there's open water, and then head 
south just far enough to find water that hasn't frozen over.  But 
until they're old enough to breed successfully (around 6 years, a 
year or two after they've developed mostly adult plumage), they 
go walkabout in the spring for sometimes huge distances.

I've been told most of the BEs seen at eastern hawkwatches in the 
early fall are actually returning younger southern birds, some 
from as far as Florida, which seems pretty incredible, but 
banding and satellite transmitter studies have documented that 

Here's a recent study of Florida-fledged sub-adult BEs that found 
one bird went as far north as Prince Edward Island to spend the 


Peter Manship wrote:
> Yesterday afternoon I was driving home just north of town and saw a Bald 
> Eagle flying along over the Black river about 150 feet up, looking for food 
> maybe. It appeared to be the same adult female thats been seen all summer 
> on the lakes above me. You would think they should have headed south by 
> now but this is the third time I've seen the Eagle in this area in the last two 
> weeks.
> Good Birding
> Peter Manship
> Lake Pauline
> Ludlow Vt