Apologies for duplicate messages.

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*ECHO** Lake** Aquarium and Science Center, at the Leahy Center for Lake 

*INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker Series, FREE on Tuesdays March 24 -- May 5*

From cooking rocks to the latest archaeological finds, landscape changes 
to cultural stories, ECHO's *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker Series* 
enables visitors to ask questions of experts about the artifacts, foods, 
and stories of the native people as portrayed in our exhibit. ECHO's 
Quadricentennial experience features archaeological and interactive 
exhibits, events, speakers, and a contemporary indigenous peoples' 
Portrait Gallery, all celebrating the vibrant past and future of our 
Native neighbors.

*4:00 -- 4:30 p.m.** ECHO will be open for FREE public viewing of our 
exhibit INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS: Native Peoples of the Lake Champlain Basin *

*4:30 -- 5:15 p.m.** Speaker *

*5:15 -- 6:00 p.m.** Questions and Light refreshments *


*Tuesday, March 24, *4:00 -- 6:00 p.m. *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series: Cooking Rocks*. Join Charles Paquin, Archaeologist, as he 
discusses some of these questions: What is the perfect cooking rock? 
What do rocks tell us about how Native Americans cooked their foods and 
what foods they cooked? What archaeological objects are found in a 
Native American hearth?


*Tuesday, March 31*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m. *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series: Indigenous Identity in the 21^st Century Green Mountain State*.  
Join Dr. Fred Wiseman, Abenaki Historian, as he addresses key questions: 
Unlike any other minority, Native Americans cannot self-identify, but 
must have their identity bestowed upon them by the government. So who is 
a Vermont Indian?  Why can't Indigenous Abenaki Indians sell their arts 
and crafts as "made by American Indians?" What does one have to do to 
maintain a Native American identity in the 21^st century? On this 400th 
anniversary of the European Discovery of Lake Champlain, there is still 
little agreement among politicians, scholars, and Indians themselves 
about who the Vermont Abenakis really are. Professor Wiseman looks at 
the underlying issues involved with Vermont's understanding of its 
indigenous peoples.  Illustrating his talk with clips from his 2006 
movie "Against the Darkness," he explores the identity politics that 
still bedevil relations and between the larger Abenaki community and 
their Vermont neighbors, and offers some tentative solutions to this 
thorny problem in Northeastern race relations. 

*Tuesday, April 7*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m. *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series: Forests of Pre-Settlement Lake Champlain Basin*. Join Charlie 
Cogbill, Historic Forest Ecologist, as he addresses key questions: What 
would the landscape of pre-settlement Lake Champlain Basin look like and 
how have human influences changed our natural communities? How did 
surveyors divide the earliest settler lots? What is a "witness tree?"

*Tuesday, April 14*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m.  *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series: The First People.*  Join John Crock, UVM, Director, Consulting 
Archaeology Program (CAP), as he discusses from his chapter in the book: 
"/Lake Champlain: An Illustrated History/." Since the ice age, humans 
have been a constant feature of the landscape in the Lake Champlain 
Basin. What is it that archaeologists have found in the region that help 
tell the story of settlement in this area? What has been found that 
helps to tell about their nomadic lifestyle? Book signing.

*Tuesday, April 21*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m.  *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series:* Early People & Plants. Join Kit Anderson, UVM, Ethnobiologist, 
as she addresses key questions: What can plants tell us about the 
earliest people? How were people's diet changed by weather? What plants 
were used as exports or adopted by First Nations people? 

*Tuesday, April 28*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m. *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series:* *Film Highlights*.  Join Abenaki historian and film producer, 
Dr. Fred Wiseman, as he shows clips and tells stories of his film "1609: 
The Other Side of History" about the discovery of Lake Champlain by the 
French from a Native perspective.

*Tuesday, May 5*, 4:00 -- 6:00 p.m. *INDIGENOUS EXPRESSIONS Speaker 
Series:* *Film Highlights*. Join Peabody Award-winner Ted Timreck, with 
highlights of his film "Before the Lake was Champlain." This ground 
breaking film documents the long and careful process that has unfolded 
one of the great archaeological mysteries of North America while 
exploring the cultural and environmental history of the Basin from the 
receding glaciers to the coming of Europeans in 1609

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