The best resource page I’ve come across is:


(below are a few of the pertinent references - highlighting is mine)


Zamboni P, Galeotti R, Menegatti E, Malagoni AM, Gianesini S, Bartolomei I, Mascoli F, and Salvi F:  A prospective open-label study of endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.  J Vasc Surg. 2009 Dec;50(6):1348-58.e1-3. PMID 19958985, doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2009.07.096. Presented at the Thirty-first Charing Cross Symposium, London, United Kingdom, Apr 3–7, 2009 [cx09]. Abstract, PDF, preliminary results: [zamboni09c] Google Scholar Vascular Diseases Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.  Abstract

Zamboni P, Menegatti E, Weinstock-Guttman B, Schirda C, Cox JL, Malagoni AM, Hojanacki D, Kennedy C, Carl E, Dwyer MG, Bergsland N, Galeotti R, Hussein S, Bartolomei I, Salvi F, and Zivadinov R: The severity of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis is related to altered cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. Funct Neurol. 2009 Jul-Sep ;24(3):133-8. PMID 20018140. PDF$ Google Scholar Abstract

Walter U, Wagner S, Horowski S, Benecke R, and Zettl UK: Transcranial brain sonography findings predict disease progression in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2009 Sep;73(13):1010-7. Epub 2009 Aug 5. Type: Controlled Clinical Trial. PMID 19657105, doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181b8a9f8. Abstract, Article$ Google Scholar  Department of Neurology, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.  Abstract

Singh AV, and Zamboni P: Anomalous venous blood flow and iron deposition in multiple sclerosis. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2009 Dec;29(12):1867-78. Epub 2009 Sep 02. PMID 19724286, doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2009.180. PDF Google Scholar  Department of Physics, European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM), IFOM-IEO Campus, Centro Interdisciplinare Materiali e Interfacce Nanostrutturati, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.  Abstract

Zamboni P, Consorti G, Galeotti R, Gianesini S, Menegatti E, Tacconi G, and Carinci F: Venous collateral circulation of the extracranial cerebrospinal outflow routes. Curr Neurovasc Res. 2009 Aug;6(3):204-12. Epub 2009 Aug 1. Type: Review. PMID 19534716. Full article (PDF) Google Scholar  Vascular Diseases Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.  Abstract

Simka M: Blood brain barrier compromise with endothelial inflammation may lead to autoimmune loss of myelin during multiple sclerosis. Curr Neurovasc Res. 2009 May;6(2):132-9. Type: Review. PMID 19442163. Abstract Google Scholar  Department of Angiology, Private Healthcare Institution SANA, Pszczyna, Poland.  Abstract

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