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Info compiled by Tony Gronowicz:

French study finds childhood leukemia doubled around nuclear plants
http://www.beyondnuclear.org/home/2012/1/12/french-study-finds-childhood-leukemia-doubled-around-nuclear.html

A major epidemiological study just published in the January 2012 edition of
The International Journal of Cancer
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.27425/abstract
indicates there is "a possible excess risk" of acute leukemia among
children living in close vicinity to French nuclear power plants (NPP). The
study called for an "investigation for potential risk factors related to
the vicinity of NPP, and collaborative analysis of multisite studies
conducted in various countries."

The study found a doubling of occurrence of childhood leukemia between the
years of 2002-2007 among children under 5 years living within 5 km of
nuclear plants similar to the findings of the German 2008
study
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2696975/?tool=pubmed
by the Cancer Registry in Mainz which found an association between the
nearness of residence to nuclear power plants and the risk of childhood
leukemia.

The results marked a surprising and encouraging change at IRSN which had endeavored to discredit
earlier French epidemiological studies that had shown an impact of nuclear facilities on health.

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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.27425/abstract

To study the risk of childhood acute leukemia (AL) around French nuclear
power plants (NPPs).

The nationwide Geocap case-control study included the 2,753 cases diagnosed
in mainland France over 2002-2007 and 30,000 contemporaneous population
controls. The last addresses were geocoded and located around the 19 NPPs.
The study used distance to NPPs and a dose-based geographic zoning (DBGZ),
based on the estimated dose to bone marrow related to NPP gaseous
discharges.

An odds ratio (OR) of 1.9 [1.0-3.3], based on 14 cases, was evidenced for
children living within 5 km of NPPs, compared to those living 20 km or
further away, and a very similar association was observed in the
concomitant incidence study (standardized incidence ratio (SIR) = 1.9
[1.0-3.2]). These results were similar for all the 5-year age groups. They
persisted after stratification for several contextual characteristics of
the municipalities of residence. Conversely, using the DBGZ resulted in OR
and SIR close to one in all of the dose categories. There was no increase
in AL incidence over 1990-2001 and over the entire 1990-2007 period. The
results suggest a possible excess risk of AL in the close vicinity of
French NPPs in 2002-2007. The absence of any association with the DBGZ may
indicate that the association is not explained by NPP gaseous discharges.
Overall, the findings call for investigation for potential risk factors
related to the vicinity of NPP, and collaborative analysis of multisite
studies conducted in various countries.

Get PDF (531K) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.27425/pdf

Childhood leukemia around French nuclear power plants - the Geocap study,
2002-2007
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.27425/absstract#fn1

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