On 11/18/2016 8:37 PM, Matthew Kulas wrote:
> If he can't wiggle his toes, they're probably too small. There are 
> some heating options here:

As an ex pro patroller, out in all weathers... allow me to offer a few 

1) Fit and alignment are everything (almost... see below). Improper 
alignment of the foot can impede blood circulation, and blood 
circulation is one of the keys to warm feet. LASH's friend should visit 
a GOOD bootfitter and make certain that his/her feet have proper 
alignment in the boot - a proper footbed, a properly adjusted shell, and 
a liner that supports both.

2) Boots and liners must be dry. Moisture is a wonderful vector for 
sucking heat.. which means cold. If he/she is setting out in damp boots 
in the morning, it's only going to get worse as the day progresses. 
Boots liners should, in some manner, be dried every night, and feet 
should be attended to in such a manner as they don't contribute to the 

3) Pursuant to (2, dry socks and antiperspirant on the feet helps a lot.

4) If all else fails, external boot muffs or internal foot warmers MAY 
help. Just be advised that these can make your feet sweat, and your feet 
will get cold again.

5) Re-read (1.

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