Hello John,


We recently published a couple papers looking at exactly this issue.  We examined the effects of a few consolidants on stable isotope values in bones, as well as the best and least damaging ways to remove them.  If I’m not mistaken, I think your Acrysol will be rather similar to the Paraloid we tested.


In a nutshell, collagen (d13C and d15N) and phosphates (d18O) in bone are fairly resistant to alteration in the presence of consolidants and solvents, as is the d13C in carbonates.  The d18O in carbonates is however susceptible to alteration, so be wary of those values.


You can download our publications fairly easily if you have library access somewhere.  If not, anyone may contact me OFFLINE to ask for copies ([log in to unmask]).  DO NOT, I repeat, DO NOT reply to the entire listserve with reprint requests.  We just went through a rather unpleasant flood of email requests for a specific publication and no one wants to repeat that!


France, C.A.M., Giaccai, J.A., and Doney, C.R., 2015.  The effects of Paraloid B-72 and Butvar B-98 treatment and organic solvent removal on δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O values of collagen and hydroxyapatite in a modern bone.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 157:  330-338.  DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22697.


France, C.A.M., Giaccai, J.A., and Cano, N., 2011.  The effects of PVAc treatment and organic solvent removal on the stable carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen isotope signatures of bone.  Journal of Archaeological Science 38:  3387-3393.


I think our 2015 paper has the better rundown of references if you want to backtrack any of those.


Good luck,


Christine France




From: Stable Isotope Geochemistry [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of John Dudgeon
Sent: Thursday, January 26, 2017 3:07 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: [ISOGEOCHEM] Effect of and removal of ACRYSOL WS-24 from bone specimens


I am trying to determine the most conservative method for removing an acrylic copolymer dispersion resin, called ACRYSOL WS-24 which has been previously sprayed or dipped on archaeological bone specimens, prior to preparation for isotope, protein and DNA extraction. Has anyone prepared bone specimens previously coated in ACRYSOL and if so, what methods were used to remove the polymer without undue alteration of the bone matrix? Acetone is one solvent that has previously been described (J. Field Archaeology, 1995) as well as unspecified alkaline aqueous preparations (Dow Chemical Technical Data Sheet), but I wanted to see if anyone had successfully used a strategy that was not unduly deleterious to endogenous organic molecules. I imagine the presence of the polymer would affect SI determinations, but have not as yet confirmed this from a chemical formulation.







John V. Dudgeon, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology
Director, Center for Archaeology, Materials and Applied Spectroscopy (CAMAS)
Idaho State University, 921 S. 8th Avenue, Stop 8005, Pocatello, ID 83209-8005
Phone: (208) 282-3862 - FAX: (208) 282-4944