Folks, I tried to draw a technical distinction between racism and ethnic
hatred, distrust, etc. Trying to define terms led into a morass I didn't
intend. Given the examples brought up in response, along with many I've
seen myself in the past, then yes, of course, Trump holds that racist
philosophy, along with the deep seated emotional layers.
But terms do need to be defined in a science DG when speaking about
society. About whether racism has been "normalized," I think that term
should have been defined at the outset. Claudia Pine's examples may
pandemics of ethnic prejudice and racism in parts of the country. But
examples of good old boys in Louisiana? and entrenched racism in right-
wing low population areas like Idaho, Wyoming, and Eastern Washington? I
don't think so. One no longer finds racist allusions in media
portrayals. The character of Sam in the movie *Casablanca* would have
been portrayed vastly differently today, and a line spoken by Bette
Davis in (I believe) *Dark Victory*, where she mentions proudly that
she's "free, white, and 21" would never find its way into a script today
unless to portray it in some obviously progressive way. We no longer see
strictly white faces in media entertainment and advertising. So what is
meant by "normalized"?
To answer Kamran's last question, yes indeed I oppose Trump for his
regressive environmental, economic, social, and international (i.e. war)
policies—and, for good measure, his offensive personality. I doubt that
Hillary Clinton would have been all that much better. Marginally better
perhaps on the first three, and on the fourth, who knows? we might have
already been at war with Russia stemming from an air confrontation over
Syria's would've been No Fly Zone...just speculating. The Repugnant
Republicans may be the open fascists, but the Dimwit Democrats are their
willing collaborators, and their performance at the polls have
increasingly reflected that over the years. I voted for Jill Stein and
the Greens.

On Sat, Sep 15, 2018, at 12:00 PM, Kamran Nayeri wrote:
> Thanks, Claudia. I totally agree. 
> On Sat, Sep 15, 2018 at 8:20 AM Claudia Pine
> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:>> I've just read some of this long discussion, and I have three points
>> to make:>> 
>> 1. Racism is STILL normalized, i.e., an open norm, an expected and
>>    accepted norm, in many parts of this country.  My brother just
>>    recounted to me why he doesn't like doing meetings with the
>>    engineering/planning team he has to visit monthly in the New
>>    Orleans area.  The catered-in lunches include derisive "jokes" and
>>    derogatory comments about black Americans, as well as women. The
>>    local team, all white men from the region, don't just continue the
>>    practice of having no female or black colleagues, they don't even
>>    realize that people from other parts of the country - including
>>    white men like my brother - may not share their views.  This is
>>    one example, my brother said, of an irritatingly common pattern he
>>    encounters in southern states (he's an engineering firm VP and
>>    spends nearly every week flying to meetings all over the country).
>>    I winced when I heard this, because it's not just southern. Groups
>>    I encounter in my rural, mainly-white state of Idaho and the
>>    region can feature opprobrious and yes, RACIST, statements and
>>    "jokes" -- which again, the people making up these groups find so
>>    "normal," they aren't even aware that others might not share this
>>    norm.>> 
>> If you get outside the parts of the U.S. that aren't New York City,
>> or a college town, or other notably liberal area, racism is still
>> normal.  Not as normal as it used to be, thank goodness, but still
>> depressingly prevalent.>> 
>> There ARE different forms and degrees.  Please read Ibram X. Kendi's
>> award-winning "Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of
>> Racist Ideas in America" to learn how "assimilationist" racism has
>> been just as enormous a problem, and just as racist, as southern
>> "segregationist" racism. (One good concise review is at
>> 2. The SftP list has seen many nit-picking quibbles over the years
>>    that become so jesuitical in their hair-splitting as to be
>>    indistinguishable from trolling. It's hard for me to tell from
>>    David Barouh's latest posts whether the goal is to discuss racism
>>    as a major structural issue, to defend Trump as a "fine person"
>>    who is just on "both sides," or simply carry on the conversation
>>    ad infinitum, with ever decreasing relevance to anything larger
>>    than the head of a pin.  Racism is evidenced by persistent
>>    patterns of behavior and habitual styles of discourse.  Trump has
>>    shown both racist behaviors, and discourse, for years. To argue
>>    that there might be some slight possible way in which he isn't
>>    racist even though he makes racist statements, carries out racist
>>    acts, and comfortably participates in racist discourse, is to
>>    question not Trump, but the very construct of racism, in a way
>>    that leads me to wonder why David is subscribed to this list.>> 
>> 3. This discussion has devolved into a mainly two-person exchange.
>>    As a member of the list, I ask that it discontinue here, and if
>>    Kamran and David wish to continue it, please take it elsewhere.
>>    If not, I will ask the moderators to call a halt.>> 
>> Claudia Pine
>> On Sat, Sep 15, 2018 at 8:07 AM Kamran Nayeri
>> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:>>> David:
>>> You are arguing, alas in defense of a racist, like a lawyer, not
>>> like someone who wants to stand up to racism and fight for radical
>>> social change. In this formalist approach to politics, only those
>>> who scream they are racists are accepted to be racists.
>>> Accordingly, in this scheme of yours, in the court of law, only
>>> those who admit being criminals, are sentenced as criminals. No
>>> other evidence of their criminality is accepted.>>> 
>>> By your formalism, Trump is not misogynous. He has never said he
>>> was. He is not an anti-working class politician. Etc.>>> 
>>> So, allow me to ask you: Why do you oppose Trump? Or do you?
>>> Kamran
>>> On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 9:28 PM David Barouh <[log in to unmask]>
>>> wrote:>>>> __
>>>> Kamran, 
>>>> Thanks for those links. Two of the four yielded a blank page, but
>>>> the other two drew the conclusion that based on a certain pattern
>>>> of actions, Trump has displayed a certain antipathy for blacks. OK.
>>>> But what we are disagreeing on is not "facts" but rather,
>>>> conclusions  drawn from perceived actions. And anyway, I'm not
>>>> necessarily disagreeing with those conclusions.>>>> 
>>>> What I've asserted still holds: he hasn't blatantly claimed the
>>>> inferiority of blacks. Is what he appears to be displaying racism
>>>> or ethnic hatred? Not one of you all have commented on that simple
>>>> distinction.>>>> 
>>>> Here's a definition of racism from the Free Dictionary:
>>>> *1. *_(Sociology)_ the belief that races have distinctive cultural
>>>> characteristics determined by hereditary factors and that this
>>>> endows some races with an intrinsic superiority over others>>>> *2. *(Sociology) abusive or aggressive behaviour towards members of
>>>> another race on the basis of such a belief>>>> 
>>>> Does Trump hold the belief that whites are genetically superior to
>>>> blacks, or does he just hate blacks...or both. Do you know for
>>>> certain which it is?>>>> 
>>>> And really, you're saying that racism is a precondition for
>>>> hostility toward blacks? What about hostility toward Italians,
>>>> Irish, Jews? They'd all be classified as part of the same "race";
>>>> is that still racism? It wouldn't be so bad if you all disagreed
>>>> with my point, but you're all missing it. Is what you all are
>>>> calling "racism" the common hatred, fear, or distrust that
>>>> virtually all ethnicities feel toward other ethnicities, or is it
>>>> the  philosophy of racial genetic superiority, which doesn't have
>>>> to have those three emotions attached, can even be marked by good
>>>> will and affection, but is nonetheless more insidious? Or do you
>>>> think the difference is not worth bothering about?>>>> 
>>>> David
>>>> On Fri, Sep 14, 2018, at 5:13 PM, Kamran Nayeri wrote:
>>>>> David:
>>>>> It seems like we disagree on fact. Tump is racists by many many
>>>>> accounts.  Here is a few:>>>>> 
>>>>> NAACP slams Trump as 'racist'[1]

>>>>> Page semi-protected
>>>>> Racial views of Donald Trump

>>>>> Is Trump a racist? You don’t need an n-word tape to know.[2]
>>>>> Here are 10 times President Trump's comments have been called
>>>>> racist>>>>> 
>>>>> We also disagree on analysis.  You simply accept the proposition
>>>>> that when the living standards of the white working class
>>>>> deteriorate  "*most* likely" direct "their hostility could be
>>>>> directed towards people who they perceive to be 'jumping the
>>>>> line.'" You simply assume it natural for the white working class
>>>>> to see non-white working people as the cause of their problem or
>>>>> be susceptible to such suggestions by racists like Trump.  In
>>>>> other words, their racism which is a precondition of their
>>>>> "hostility" towards the "other" is lost in your analysis.>>>>> 
>>>>> And when someone (myself in this case) point this out you infer
>>>>> that I see racism everywhere.>>>>> 
>>>>> I think enough has been said on this (at least by me). 
>>>>> Kamran
>>>>> On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 12:51 PM David Barouh
>>>>> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:>>>>>> __
>>>>>> And thank you, Kamran, for your response. 
>>>>>> But I have to disagree with you again: Trump is not an "open
>>>>>> racist"! Believe me, I'm no fan of that person. But he's not
>>>>>> *that* dumb that he'd come out with blatantly racist or white
>>>>>> supremacist comments (unless I've missed them).>>>>>> 
>>>>>> Also, let's not forget, when we consider that he lost the popular
>>>>>> vote by a rather substantial three million votes, and that many
>>>>>> of those votes he did get were people who were going to vote for
>>>>>> a Repug no matter who ran, then Trump's "base" is not all *that*
>>>>>> large. And look at who his opponent was, possibly the only person
>>>>>> *supposedly* on the left who could have lost to *Trump*, of all
>>>>>> people, albeit with the help of the electoral college. (How
>>>>>> utterly stupid and venal are the Dimwit Democrats  to have
>>>>>> cheated a sure winner out of the nomination and given it to
>>>>>> that—person!—that war monger and crook!)>>>>>> 
>>>>>> But about your second paragraph...
>>>>>>> Given this context, I see a problem with the argument that the
>>>>>>> white working class problem is with the deterioration of their
>>>>>>> economic status which has been sometimes attributed to their
>>>>>>> hostility to "others" within the working class.>>>>>>> 
>>>>>> seems to me that the *most *likely reason the white working
>>>>>> class would feel resentful about anything is a "deterioration of
>>>>>> their economic status" and is the *most* likely reason their
>>>>>> hostility could be directed towards people who they perceive to
>>>>>> be "jumping the line." Divide and conquer, so to speak. .>>>>>> 
>>>>>> To summarize, it's just not helpful to throw around the word
>>>>>> "racism" at the first opportunity. It encourages group-think.
>>>>>> There's usually more going on. I believe there has been a real
>>>>>> change in many people's attitudes about these issues. I don't
>>>>>> think we should underestimate the extent to which the Civil
>>>>>> Rights Movement has opened people's eyes about racism and its
>>>>>> manifestations.>>>>>> 
>>>>>> David
>>>>> On Thu, Sep 13, 2018, at 11:20 PM, Kamran Nayeri wrote:
>>>>>> Thanks, David, for clarification. Of course, racism is no longer
>>>>>> acceptable in the sense of being "politically correct." But it is
>>>>>> no solace that as you write "it's no longer acceptable to be
>>>>>> openly racist."  The U.S. President is an open racist and it does
>>>>>> not seem to bother its "political base" very much.  As I noted,
>>>>>> police murder of Afro-Americans goes on with impunity. schools
>>>>>> are segregated. I can go on but we all know the long list of the
>>>>>> current condition of Afro-Americans in the United States.>>>>>> 
>>>>>> Given this context, I see a problem with the argument that the
>>>>>> white working class problem is with the deterioration of their
>>>>>> economic status which has been sometimes attributed to their
>>>>>> hostility to "others" within the working class.>>>>>> 
>>>>>> As this is a radical group, let me also note something from the
>>>>>> revolutionary socialist tradition. The right to self-
>>>>>> determination of the oppressed peoples (and nations) is not
>>>>>> simply a human rights issue. It is the way to unite the working
>>>>>> class which is only possible when the more privileged sections
>>>>>> become class conscious enough to fight against tradition (in this
>>>>>> case racism) and in defense of the more oppressed groups. Thus,
>>>>>> even if we begin with an interest to address the economic needs
>>>>>> of the poor white working class, we must begin with an
>>>>>> unconditional defense of the right of Afro-Americans given the
>>>>>> legacy of chattel slavery.>>>>>> 
>>>>>> Finally, as it is becoming to light in recent times[3], German
>>>>>> fascism was rooted in German colonialism in Africa.  American
>>>>>> fascism similarly is rooted in its history of slavery and white
>>>>>> nationalism.>>>>>> 
>>>>>> The coming American revolution (if it is coming before the world
>>>>>> ends), must tackle racism root-and-branch to bring into being a
>>>>>> new society harmony with itself and with the rest of nature (I
>>>>>> have said much about the latter elsewhere).>>>>>> 
>>>>>> I hope this help explain my concern,
>>>>>> Thank you.
>>>>>> Kamran
>>>>>> On Thu, Sep 13, 2018 at 5:48 PM David Barouh
>>>>>> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:>>>>>>> __
>>>>>>> Kamran, I'm not sure what you mean by "[my] argument"? Is it my
>>>>>>> statement that racism is no longer normalized? If so, then I say
>>>>>>> again that for most of American history racism was normalized,
>>>>>>> but that changed after the Civil Rights movement of the 50s-60s
>>>>>>> and subsequent legislation. For large segments of the population
>>>>>>> (a majority, I think) it's no longer acceptable to be openly
>>>>>>> racist.>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>> And there *have* been large outpourings of outrage. I attended a
>>>>>>> massive demonstration and march down the streets of Greenwich
>>>>>>> Village in New York City after one such killing, attended by
>>>>>>> blacks and whites in roughly similar numbers to the City's
>>>>>>> population distribution.>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>> It clearly is *mostly* "happening to 'them' and not 'us'," i.e.
>>>>>>> blacks and not whites, and that's clearly—among other factors—a
>>>>>>> "manifestation of racism," although I qualify that: "racism" is
>>>>>>> really too general a term for my liking, as I've already
>>>>>>> explained.>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>> On Thu, Sep 13, 2018, at 12:17 PM, Kamran Nayeri wrote:
>>>>>>>> Dear David:
>>>>>>>> I am puzzled by your argument. How can a seemingly endless
>>>>>>>> number of unarmed Afro-Americans are being gunned down by the
>>>>>>>> police and there is no outpouring of outrage by the type of
>>>>>>>> folks you are talking about?  I am totally at a loss why ALL
>>>>>>>> Americans do not take to the streets to protest these killing.
>>>>>>>> Unless some of us still think that this is happening to "them"
>>>>>>>> not "us."  Is this not a manifestation of racism?>>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>>> Best,
>>>>>>>> Kamran
>>>>>>>> On Wed, Sep 12, 2018 at 8:57 PM David Barouh
>>>>>>>> <[log in to unmask]> wrote:>>>>>>>>> __
>>>>>>>>> Slight difference: Racism has *not* been normalized in White
>>>>>>>>> America. At one time it was, but not for many years now.
>>>>>>>>> Nowadays one would tend to hide racist feelings if they had
>>>>>>>>> them. *Professing* white superiority is the exception, not the
>>>>>>>>> norm.>>>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>>>> That white superiority is implicit in their message is an
>>>>>>>>> assumption. It could be, but what we *do* know is what they
>>>>>>>>> *do* profess, i.e. white dispossession. Perhaps American
>>>>>>>>> history is being left out of the equation. But again, the
>>>>>>>>> feeling is that this was in the past, and is something they
>>>>>>>>> personally had no part of. Short-sighted, perhaps, but racist?
>>>>>>>>> Not necessarily. Are they deliberately "erasing" the legacy of
>>>>>>>>> slavery. Again, that's an assumption, and psychoanalyzing from
>>>>>>>>> a distance.>>>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>>>> Again, it's just too easy to start labeling these people as
>>>>>>>>> racist. It's like calling everyone critical of Israel's
>>>>>>>>> dispossession of Palestinians antisemites.>>>>>>>>> 
>>>>>>>>> On Wed, Sep 12, 2018, at 2:49 PM, Laurence Romsted wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> Absolutely correct Sam and succinctly expressed.


>>>>>>>>>> Larry Romsted


>>>>>>>>>> *From: *Science for the People Discussion List <SCIENCE-FOR-THE-
>>>>>>>>>> [log in to unmask]> on behalf of "S. E. Anderson"
>>>>>>>>>> <[log in to unmask]> *Reply-To: *Science for the People
>>>>>>>>>> Discussion List <[log in to unmask]> *Date:
>>>>>>>>>> *Wednesday, September 12, 2018 at 2:44 PM *To: *"SCIENCE-FOR-THE-
>>>>>>>>>> [log in to unmask]" <[log in to unmask]>
>>>>>>>>>> *Subject: *Re: Why Young Men of Color Are Joining White-
>>>>>>>>>> Supremacist Groups>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>> Folks,


>>>>>>>>>> What David Barouh misses is that racism is the norm within
>>>>>>>>>> White America. Hence, all right wing organizations and
>>>>>>>>>> movements are, by default, racist. That is, these
>>>>>>>>>> organizations and movements believe in the inherent
>>>>>>>>>> superiority of the "white" race over the "darker" races and
>>>>>>>>>> will act upon those beliefs every chance they get.>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>> Hence, these organizations, movements and white supremacist
>>>>>>>>>> individuals erase the legacy of the horrors of chattel
>>>>>>>>>> slavery and Jim Crow and only see Blackfolk getting "special"
>>>>>>>>>> treatment and programs just because they are not white. These
>>>>>>>>>> very same organizations, movements and white supremacist
>>>>>>>>>> individuals also don't see or deliberately ignore the
>>>>>>>>>> historical fact that, for example, affirmative action
>>>>>>>>>> policies and practices fought for primarily by Black and
>>>>>>>>>> Latino folk have benefited white women more than people of
>>>>>>>>>> color of any gender.>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>> Also, the struggle against slavery and Jim Crow was always
>>>>>>>>>> linked to the struggle for workers rights and better wages
>>>>>>>>>> and working conditions. The persistent problem in these
>>>>>>>>>> historic battles have been the struggle to combat normalized
>>>>>>>>>> racism within the white workingclass and the trade union
>>>>>>>>>> movement.>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>> Until whitefolks of any class, education level and left
>>>>>>>>>> persuasion realize that racism/white supremacy (and sexism)
>>>>>>>>>> has been normalized (and institutionalized) in the US and
>>>>>>>>>> Europe, we will not be able to make a significant advancement
>>>>>>>>>> in our battle to destroy capitalism and build socialism.>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>> In Struggle,


>>>>>>>>>> Sam Anderson


>>>>>>>>>>> -----Original Message----- From: David Barouh Sent: Sep 10,
>>>>>>>>>>> 2018 2:04 PM To: [log in to unmask]
>>>>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: Why Young Men of Color Are Joining White-
>>>>>>>>>>> Supremacist Groups>>>>>>>>>>> I agree that it's premature and not very significant that we
>>>>>>>>>>> see some black faces among these groups. But I'm not quite
>>>>>>>>>>> ready to go along with labeling these right wingers as a
>>>>>>>>>>> "white supremacist" movement. That sound very much like knee-
>>>>>>>>>>> jerk, reactionary liberalism.>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>> These people are not professing beliefs in "white
>>>>>>>>>>> supremacy," but rather "fairness" to whites. Strange as that
>>>>>>>>>>> may sound, that's what they feel when they see special
>>>>>>>>>>> programs proposed or instituted for "minorities." There's
>>>>>>>>>>> been a book written about this phenomena: *Strangers in
>>>>>>>>>>> Their Own Land: Anger an  Mourning on the American Right* by
>>>>>>>>>>> Arlie Russell Hochschild, which was a bestseller and
>>>>>>>>>>> received some honors. I read it. It was not that great a
>>>>>>>>>>> book, at least from a literary point of view, but it did
>>>>>>>>>>> illustrate its point. The author did her research in the
>>>>>>>>>>> place she thought best exemplified this seeming white
>>>>>>>>>>> reactionary mindset: rural Louisiana, to interview subjects.
>>>>>>>>>>> The title of her book well exemplifies her impressions.>>>>>>>>>>>  


>>>>>>>>>>> On Mon, Sep 10, 2018, at 11:38 AM, S. E. Anderson wrote:

>>>>>>>>>>>> Much ado about nothing. Out of 30 million Blackfolk in the
>>>>>>>>>>>> US, your chances of finding Black prowhite supremacists are
>>>>>>>>>>>> like 500,000:1. Rare. Very very rare.>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>> Thanx to social media and the fakenews industry, these
>>>>>>>>>>>> sitings get blown way out of proportion. Don't waste your
>>>>>>>>>>>> political/organizing energy on this distraction that tries
>>>>>>>>>>>> to prettify or trivialize the rise of white supremacy.>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>> In Struggle,


>>>>>>>>>>>> Sam Anderson


>>>>>>>>>>>>> -----Original Message-----

>>>>>>>>>>>>> From: Chandler Davis

>>>>>>>>>>>>> Sent: Sep 5, 2018 4:08 PM

>>>>>>>>>>>>> To: [log in to unmask]

>>>>>>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: Why Young Men of Color Are Joining White-
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Supremacist Groups>>>>>>>>>>>>>  


>>>>>>>>>>>>> It reads to me like neither bullshit nor detection of a
>>>>>>>>>>>>> major new trend.  Rather, a rare anomalous pattern.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Apparently ---if there were really "dozens" of less-white
>>>>>>>>>>>>> men marching with the white supremacists that day as claimed---
>>>>>>>>>>>>> less rare than one would guess.  Worth reporting, then.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Remember Ang Lee's "Rise with the Devil"?  It had (perhaps
>>>>>>>>>>>>> with substantiation in documented history) a Black member
>>>>>>>>>>>>> of a white supremacist militia; but it made a point of
>>>>>>>>>>>>> inviting reflection on his motivation.>>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>>> My view of what to say to your buddy Arun Gupta: "Fine.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Now find a more central topic for your next journalistic
>>>>>>>>>>>>> effort.">>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>>> Chandler



>>>>>>>>>>>>> On 2018-09-05 10:13 AM, Mitchel Cohen wrote:

>>>>>>>>>>>>>> I wonder how many Black people, actually, are joining
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> these fascist protests, despite the implication in the
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> headline. I don't see any U.S.-born Black people
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> interviewed here, nor photos of them.>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>>>> So is our friend Arun Gupta's article pointing to some
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> alarming new social phenomena that should concern leftist
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> strategists who appreciate the work of Franz Fanon/George
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Jackson/Black Panthers, or is this claim being latched
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> onto to "sell newspapers"? I don't know, having not
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> researched the topic myself (but having been to a zillion
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> demonstrations where I have not observed *any* Black
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> people in the fascist ranks).>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Also, does one or two people here or there make up a
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> "trend"? I remember some similar observations when a
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> partly Jewish person here-and-there turned up in pro-Nazi
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> organizations.>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  

>>>>>>>>>>>>>> I'd worked with Arun Gupta at the radical NY-based
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> newspaper *The Guardian *in the late 80s and early 1990s,
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> have attended his talks and even included an essay he
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> wrote about Occupy Wall Street in my book, "What Is
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Direct Action?" So, is he onto some new trend, or is it
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> bullshit?>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  

- Mitchel Cohen[4] ? 

Why Young Men of Color Are Joining White-Supremacist Groups

**Patriot Prayer’s leader is half-Japanese. Black and brown faces march
with the Proud Boys. Is the future of hate multicultural?

***by Arun Gupta

*PORTLAND, Oregon­Outfitted in a flak jacket and fighting gloves,
Enrique Tarrio was one of dozens of black, Latino, and Asian men who
marched alongside white supremacists in Portland on Aug. 4. 

Tarrio, who identifies as Afro-Cuban, is  president[5] of the Miami
chapter of the Proud Boys, who call themselves “Western chauvinists[6],”
and “regularly spout white-nationalist memes and maintain affiliations
with known extremists,”  according[7] to the Southern Poverty Law
Center. Last month, prior to the Patriot Prayer rally he attended in
Portland, Tarrio was  pictured[8] with other far-right activists making
a white-power hand sign. Last year, he and other Proud Boys  traveled to
Charlottesville[9], Virginia, for the  Unite the Right[10] rally that
ended with a  neo-Nazi allegedly killing[11] an anti-fascist protester. 


Patriot Prayer + Proud Boys in Vancouver night b4 Aug 4 Portland rally
many fear will end in violence. Tusitala "Tiny" Toese and others make an
apparent "White Power" hand gesture. T-shirts read, "Pinochet Did
Nothing Wrong."[12]­ Arun Gupta (@arunindy)  August 4, 2018[13]


Tarrio and other people of color at the far-right rallies claim
institutional racism no longer exists in America. In their view, blacks
are to blame for any lingering inequality because they are dependent on
welfare, lack strong leadership, and believe Democrats who tell them
“You’re always going to be broke. You’re not going to make it in society
because of institutional racism,” as one mixed-race man put it. 

If racism doesn’t exist, I ask Tarrio, how would he explain the
disproportionate killing of young black men by police[14]? “Hip-hop
culture,” he says. It “glorifies that lifestyle… of selling drugs,
shooting up.” Because of that, “Obviously you’re going to have higher
crime rates. Obviously you’re going to have more police presence and
more confrontations.” (Police kill black males aged 15 to 34 at  nine
times the rate[15] of the general population.) 

Elysa Sanchez, who is black and Puerto Rican, attended the “Liberty or
Death Rally Against Left-Wing Violence” in Seattle on Aug. 18, joining
about 20 militiamen open-carrying handguns and semi-automatic rifles. 

Sanchez says, “If black people are committing more murders, more
robberies, more thefts, more violent crime, that’s why you would see
more black men having encounters with the police.” 

Also in Seattle, Franky Price, who said he is  “black and white,” wore a
T-shirt reading, “It’s okay to be white.”
They are among nearly a dozen black, Latino, and Asian participants at
far-right rallies on the West Coast interviewed by The Daily Beast
recently. They represent the new face of the far right that some
scholars term “multiracial white supremacy.” 

The Proud Boys and Patriot Prayer, which overlap,  embrace[16] an America-
first nationalism that is less pro-white than it is anti-Muslim, anti-
illegal immigrant, and anti-Black Lives Matter. 

Daniel Martinez HoSang, associate professor at Yale University, co-
author of the forthcoming Producers, Parasites, Patriots: Race and the
New Right-Wing Politics of Precarity, says “Multiculturalism has become
a norm in society” and has spread from corporations and consumer culture
to conservatism and the far-right. 

Indeed, Patriot Prayer’s leader is Joey Gibson, who is half-Japanese and
claims Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,[17] as a hero. But his agenda is the
opposite of King’s. Gibson’s rallies have attracted neo-Confederates and

His right-hand man is Tusitala “Tiny” Toese, a 345-pound Samoan American
who calls himself “ a brown brother for Donald Trump[18]” and is
notorious for  brawling[19]. By bringing diversity to what is at heart a
white-supremacist movement, people of color give it legitimacy to
challenge state power and  commit[20]  violence[21] against their

David Neiwert, author of  Alt-America: The Rise of the Radical Right in
the Age of Trump[23]  ,[24] says, “The ranks of people of color who show
up to these right-wing events are totally dominated by males.” He says
the alt-right targets white males between the ages of 15 and 30 with a
message of male resentment, which ends up attracting black, Latino, and
Asian men as well. 

Neiwert says many young men of color in the far-right grew up on
conservative traditions common in minority communities. Their journey to
the far-right has been enabled by the ease of recruitment in the
internet age and the  endorsement[25] of  extremism[26] by Trump. 

Entry points to the far-right include male-dominated video-game culture,
the  anti-feminist gamergate[27], troll havens on  4chan and 8chan[28],
and the conspiracism that flourishes on websites like Infowars.
Libertarianism is another gateway. 

“A lot of these young guys,” Neiwert says, “especially from the software
world, who are being sucked into white nationalism, start out being
worked up about Ayn Rand in high school.” 

Andrew Zhao, 25, a software engineer, says his parents, physicists who
emigrated from mainland China, “are Trump fans.” He found out about the
Seattle rally from Reddit and Facebook and said, “We need more
patriotism. A lot of liberals don’t like America.” 

Daniel HoSang says some people of color are drawn to the far-right
because they “identify with the military, with nationalism, with
patriotism, with conservatism.” 

Wearing a Proud Boys hat, David Nopal, 23, came to the Seattle rally
alone, like others. Nopal, whose parents crossed illegally from Mexico,
said, “I’m very patriotic. The U.S. isn’t perfect, but we are a hell of
a lot better than other countries.” 

Sanchez comes from a military family. “They all love America. It’s a big
part of the reason I’m a patriot.” 

Similarly, Tarrio attributes his anti-socialist politics to his
grandfather’s experience in Cuba under Fidel Castro. 

They proudly identify as “American” without modifiers. In their America
they’ve never experienced racism. They eagerly talk politics, but
evidence of their America is scant beyond the internet. Institutional
racism has been ended by affirmative action, “black privilege,” and
equal protection under the law. Any remaining black inequality is caused
by social welfare and liberal policies. In any case, it was Democrats
who started the Klan. 

People of color within the far-right play a role that “excuses white
racism and bears witness to the failure of people of color,” HoSang
says, adding that they make “white supremacy a more durable force.” 

HoSang said the far-right is trying to broaden its appeal from a whites-
only movement in a multiracial America, so it is “laying claim to the
ideas of anti-racism, racial uplift, and civil-rights progress.” 

HoSang says, “It’s hard for people to wrap their head around how Dr.
King and civil-rights language are being used to legitimate positions
approaching fascism and violence to restore hierarchy and order. But
they are.”