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Thank you, Sam.  I agree.

On Sat, Jul 27, 2019 at 1:30 PM S. E. Anderson <[log in to unmask]>
wrote:

> "Conventional" Eurocentric astronomers must now think of alternative ways
> to observe outerspace with greater precision and scope. They already have a
> vast array of telescopes in outerspace (with even larger one planned). They
> can also improve on the sensitivity of already existing Earth-based
> telescopes. Bigger is not always better.
>
> But, follow the capitalist money and you'll see that this giant telescope
> has the potential of financially benefiting capitalist tech companies: the
> big materials and electronics industries
>
> SftP should support the indigenous people of Hawaii and protect Mauna Kea
> from the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope.
>
> In Struggle,
>
> Sam Anderson
>
>
> kqkqqkqkqkkqqkkqqkqkqkqkqkqkqkqkqkkqqkqk
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Phil Gasper
> Sent: Jul 25, 2019 4:39 PM
> To: [log in to unmask]
> Subject: More Than a Fight for the Heavens
>
>
> https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2019/07/25/u-hawaii-pursues-controversial-thirty-meter-telescope-mauna-kea-and-leading
> More Than a Fight for the Heavens
>
> U of Hawaii is in conflict with itself as it pursues the controversial
> Thirty Meter Telescope on Mauna Kea while also being a leading indigenous
> institution.
> By Colleen Flaherty
> <https://www.insidehighered.com/users/colleen-flaherty>
> July 25, 2019
> 9 Comments
> <https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2019/07/25/u-hawaii-pursues-controversial-thirty-meter-telescope-mauna-kea-and-leading#disqus_thread>
>
>
> <https://www.insidehighered.com/sites/default/server_files/media/Screen%20Shot%202019-07-24%20at%203.30.32%20PM.png>
> Twitter
> Protesters on Mauna Kea
>
> Protests against the U.S. military’s bombing of the uninhabited but sacred
> Hawaiian island Kaho’olawe in the late 1970s led to a Hawaiian renaissance.
> And the University of Hawaii system has played a role in that movement,
> offering programs in Hawaiian language and Hawaiian studies and otherwise
> supporting Native Hawaiians and their culture.
>
> Now Hawaiians are again occupying a sacred space as part of a larger
> cultural effort, at the foot of a dormant 14,000-foot volcano, Mauna Kea,
> on the Big Island. Protesters have been camped out there for week, halting
> the long-delayed construction of the $1.4 billion Thirty Meter Telescope.
>
> But this time, the university’s path forward is less obvious, as faculty
> members and students are divided on the project.
>
> “We strive to be one of the leading indigenous universities in the
> country, and many of the most ardent opponents of TMT have been faculty and
> students, so this has been extremely challenging for us,” said Dan
> Meisenzahl, university spokesperson. “Higher education is about the pursuit
> of knowledge, and this would be an amazing tool for advancement in the
> field of astronomy.”
>
> That said, “again, we’re committed to be one of the leading indigenous
> universities in the country,” he added. “I really don’t know what’s going
> to happen.”
>
> Among the planned telescope's longtime opponents is Jonathan Osorio, dean
> of the Hawaiʻinuiākea School of Hawaiian Knowledge at Hawaii, and a native
> islander who was born in Mauna Kea’s “malu,” or shadow-protection area.
> Osorio said this week that he and fellow protesters “do not object to
> telescopes. We object to them on Mauna Kea, and we have 13 of them on our
> mountain anyway. That is enough.”
>
> *To the Mountaintop *
>
> After a decade of legal challenges, plans for the telescope on Hawaii’s
> Big Island were supposed to proceed to actual construction this month. But
> many Native Hawaiians and their allies moved the fight against the
> telescope from the courts to the streets -- namely Mauna Kea's access road.
>
> The protesters' roadblock has the project at a standstill. There have been
> arrests but it's unclear if anyone in Hawaii has the will to force everyone
> to leave. The latest official statement
> <http://www.maunakeaandtmt.org/governors-office-joint-news-release-thirty-meter-telescope-set-to-start-construction/>from
> the telescope came on July 10, when Hawaii governor David Ige, a Democrat,
> and the Thirty Meter Telescope International Observatory announced that
> construction would start five days later.
>
> “After being given all the necessary clearances by the State of Hawaii and
> respectfully reaching out to the community, we are ready to begin work on
> this important and historic project,” Henry Yang, chair of the
> observatory’s Board of Governors, said at the time. “We have learned much
> over the last 10-plus years on the unique importance of Mauna Kea to all,
> and we remain committed to being good stewards on the mountain and
> inclusive of the Hawaiian community.”
>
> He added, “Hawaii is a special place that has long pioneered and honored
> the art and science of astronomy and navigation. We are deeply committed to
> integrating science and culture on Mauna Kea and in Hawaii, and to
> enriching educational opportunities and the local economy.”
>
> Only one or two places on earth -- maybe none -- rival Mauna Kea
> mountain’s conditions for astronomical research: the enormous volcano
> slopes gently, curbing turbulence from Pacific trade winds. It’s surrounded
> by thousands of miles of flat waters, isolated from the light interference
> of major cities and typically shrouded in clouds at its lower elevations.
> And the air at the summit is extremely dry, increasing air transparency at
> infrared and submillimeter wavelengths.
>
> But the mountain isn’t revered just for its scientific value. Mauna Kea,
> whose summit is said to be the realm of the Hawaiian gods, is also a sacred
> site. Historically, only Hawaiian royalty and priests were permitted to
> ascend its peak or visit Lake Waiau there. Poli’ahu, Hawaii’s most
> beautiful goddess, is still said to live on Mauna Kea. And Hawaiians have
> long visited for cultural and religious reasons.
>
> With some friction, spirituality and science -- along with tourism, which
> primarily benefits the once tsunami-ravaged city of Hilo -- have managed to
> coexist atop Mauna Kea for decades. There are already the 13 telescopes
> Osorio referenced, on land managed by the university. Maunakea
> Observatories publish more research papers annually than even the European
> Southern Observatory’s facilities in Chile or the Hubble Space Telescope.
>
> Still, as part of a state plan for Mauna Kea, five of those 13 telescopes
> -- including one belonging to the University of Hawaii at Hilo -- have been
> or may be decommissioned in the near term. And there are no plans to build
> additional telescopes atop the mountain, save one: the TMT.
>
> The TMT is one of a new class of giant telescopes that are unprecedented
> in sensitivity. The project’s board selected Mauna Kea as the site in 2009,
> after a five-year global search for somewhere exceptionally dry, stable and
> cool. And the telescope will be a feat of engineering, with a 30-meter
> primary mirror. When it's built, wherever it's built, it might help
> scientists find out what dark matter and dark energy are, and when the
> first galaxies formed and how. It might even provide clues as to whether
> there's life elsewhere in the universe.
>
> The telescope is a joint development of the California Institute of
> Technology, the University of California system and the governments of
> Canada, China, India and Japan. But under an agreement with the telescope,
> the University of Hawaii will get up to 10 percent of the coveted viewing
> time.
>
> Brent Tully, a professor at the university’s Institute for Astronomy in
> Honolulu, said Mauna Kea is simply “unrivaled as the best place north of
> the equator for ground-based observations.” Places in Chile are comparable,
> but they access the southern skies.
>
> Mauna Kea is “the planet's gift to humanity as a place to observe the
> heavens,” Tully said, describing himself as a “heavy user” of the
> facilities already in place. The access road demonstration has shut down
> the existing observatories but Tully's work hasn't been affected so far.
>
> *Beyond Science and the Sacred*
>
> Of that and related protests, Tully said that Hawaiians “have a legitimate
> grievance with the loss of their independence as a sovereign nation,”
> dating back to 1893. And it’s “very sad that a joint endeavor by many
> peoples to expand our human awareness of our place in the universe has
> become embroiled in the sovereignty issue.”
>
> While many students have spoken out against the telescope project, some
> have spoken up in favor. Olivia Murray, an undergraduate at Hawaii who was
> born and raised in Hilo, said that she’s already benefited from the
> economic opportunities the telescope brings to the Big Island. TMT has
> donated millions to the THINK Fund for academic and community engagement --
> think robotics competitions and science fairs -- and, in Murray’s case, the
> Akamai internship program. She’s working at the Gemini Observatory in Hilo
> this year and last year worked at the TMT project office in California.
>
> “Without TMT's continued financial support, many of these programs could
> not continue,” she said.
>
> Tully mentioned sovereignty and Murray, economics. But Osorio, the dean,
> said that most of the debate has been framed as science versus the sacred.
> In reality, he said, there are a constellation of concerns: economic,
> environmental and those pertaining to racism and “consultation and consent”
> of Native people.
>
> “I really object when people cynically employ the argument that it is all
> one sacredness to justify a project that offends so many people for so many
> reasons,” he said. “The biggest problem with the TMT is that more than a
> decade ago, a number of state institutions decided that the telescope
> should be built and really brooked no opposition from anyone.”
>
> Then, Osorio said, when Hawaiians' resentment grew, proponents “seized on
> the notion of this shared reverence to suggest that TMT opponents are being
> unreasonable. But we are not.” It’s “mahaʻoi,” or an unacceptably
> aggressive intrusion, to require that “we accept the astronomers' reverence
> for science as a condition for having them honor ours,” Osorio continued.
> “Should we travel to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum and
> insist on a permanent exhibit of Native Hawaiian practices and their
> relationship to the study of the heavens?”
>
> In any case, he said, “This is not about sacredness for the proponents of
> the TMT -- unless they really believe that somehow the rejection of this
> latest and very large project somehow projects a primitiveness and
> backwardness among our residents that embarrasses them and complicates
> their ability to extract more monetary value from new construction and
> development.”
>
> Hawaiians’ protests have attracted the support of many across academe, who
> see the TMT -- in the words of geneticist Keolu Fox of UC San Diego and
> physicist Chandra Prescod-Weinstein of the University of New Hampshire --
> as colonial science.
>
> “Far from some replay of an ancient clash between tradition and modernity,
> this is a battle between the old ways of doing science, which rely on
> forceful extraction (whether of natural resources or data), and a new
> scientific method, which privileges the dignity and humanity of indigenous
> peoples, including Hawaiians and the black diaspora,” they wrote
> <https://www.thenation.com/article/mauna-kea-tmt-colonial-science/> in *The
> Nation*. “It is a clash between colonial science -- the one which, under
> the guise of progress, has all too often helped justify conquest and human
> rights violations -- and a science that respects indigenous autonomy.”
>
> Hulali Kau, a writer and advocate working in Native Hawaiian and
> environmental law, said, "To anyone that continues to try to frame TMT as a
> science versus culture argument, I would say that this struggle over the
> future of Mauna Kea is actually about how we manage resources and align our
> laws and values of Hawaii to connect a past where the state has subjected
> its indigenous people to continued mismanagement of it lands with its
> uncertain future.”
>
> Among many concerns, including the university’s past management of the
> observation space, Kau said she worries that the TMT will include two 5,000
> gallon tanks installed two stories below ground level for chemical and
> human waste.
>
> Mauna Kea, a conservation district, is home to the largest aquifer in
> Hawaii, she said. “There are still questions as to the environmental
> consequences.”
>
> Kau noted that the university was previously embroiled in an indigenous
> space dispute, when it attempted to patent three strains of taro, or
> “kalo,” a popular food source. It finally dropped the patents several years
> later, in 2006.
>
> Other institutions are implicated in telescope debate. There are petitions
> <https://www.change.org/o/mauna_kea_thirty_meter_telescope_divestment> to
> divest Canada’s research funding from the telescope, for example. In
> response to such calls, Vivek Goel, vice president of research and
> innovation and strategic initiatives at the University of Toronto, released
> a statement
> <http://www.dunlap.utoronto.ca/statement-on-the-thirty-meter-telescope-tmt/>saying
> that the institution “does not condone the use of police force in
> furthering its research objectives.” Goel said he’d conveyed those views
> through the Association of Canadian Universities for Research in Astronomy.
>
> “We know through our own Canadian experience that a commitment to truth
> and reconciliation impels us to consult and engage with indigenous
> communities and to work collaboratively towards change,” he added. “We must
> work to uphold those principles as we engage with indigenous communities
> beyond our borders as well as within them.”
>
> Noelani Goodyear-Kaopua, associate professor of political science at
> Hawaii, chained herself to a cattle guard during the first day of protests
> last week, in preparation for any engagement with law enforcement.
>
> She said that “in no framework of ethical research is it acceptable to
> arrest dozens of people to set up research infrastructure and conduct
> research. Peaceful coexistence does not involve calling out police forces
> from multiple islands, tactical teams and the National Guard.”
>
> And yet, she said, that is what the university, state and TMT partners
> “are supporting at this moment.”
>
>
> author- "The Black Holocaust for Beginners"http://blackeducator.blogspot.com
>
>
>
>