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<Part 2 of 4>
 
Community Computer Networks:
Building Electronic Greenbelts
 
Copyright by Steve Cisler
Apple Library, 4 Infinite Loop MS 304-2A
Cupertino, California 95014
408 974 3258
Internet: [log in to unmask]
6/20/93
version 1.1.1
 
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The following systems are representative of some of the more popular
community systems. These may be called directly or reached by the telnet
function on the Internet. There are others which have no link to the
Internet and are open to just the residents and property owners of the
town.
 
HAWAII FYI
 
Hawaii Inc. was created in 1988 after the state House of Representatives
Telecommunications Work Group issued a report exploring  the business
opportunities for telecommunications networks and gateways in Hawaii.
The Capitol BBS, running on an IBM-XT, was used to gather data about the
public's needs and interests for a larger system. I was able to gather
information on HAWAII FYI while I was on vacation in Kona, Hawaii. The
local library had a dedicated phone line to Honolulu and terminal which
could display the text files as well as the graphics files that use the
format known at NAPLPS (North American Presentation Level Protocol
Syntax).  NAPLPS grew out of the Telidon program in Canada but never
achieved the grand vision of penetrating to 50% of the households by
1990.<3> Discussions, sometimes very critical, about the shape and future
of the Hawaii FYI system were available for people to read and print
out, even if they did not own a computer. The Kailua Kona library uses a
Northern Telecom terminal that costs $350. Their dedicated line to the
Honolulu central server comes out of the branch library budget. The
HAWAII FYI service was opened in June 1991; by December 1991 usage
increased from 127,000 minutes per month to 1,232,000 minutes per month.
 
The range of information provided by HAWAII FYI is shown in the
following  edited lists of topics taken from the menus:
 
========================
 Information Services Directory
LEGISLATIVE INFO SERVICES            ACTION LINE - KHON-TV
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS   BUSINESS REGISTRATION
SCHOOL/SCHOLARSHIP INFO CHILD LABOR CERTIFICATES
 COLLEGE & CAREER INFO  CIVIL DEFENSE
 
 
DISHING UP LEAD                 JOB DISCRIMINATION
NEED A JOB?                     GETTING PAID
DRIVER'S RENWL TEST Q&A         EFFICIENT LIGHTING
HAWAII VOTER'S GUIDE            HI. DBED ENERGY DIV.
ENERGY INFORMATION SVC          ENERGY TIPS
FACTS & FIGURES 1990            FISH OF HAWAII
HAWAII'S FISHING LIMITS         FYI BULLETIN BOARD
FYI CHATLINE SERVICE            DBED MONTHLY GAS WATCH REPT
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY               GET MORE HAWAII
HEPATITIS B                     HAWAII INC BBS
HOKULE'A INFORMATION SERVICE    SAVING ENERGY
PUBLIC LIBRARY SYSTEM           INTERACT!
LANDLORD-TENANT CODE            PRPSD COMM LAUNCH FCLTY
DIR OF ST/CNTY/FED OFFS         MALUHIA PROJECT
HAWAIIAN HOSPITALITY            BACKYARD OIL BARRELS
PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING           PVS INFORMATION SERVICE
ENERGY RESEARCH                 SEPTIC TANKS
STATE ENERGY COORD. RPT.        SOLAR TAX CREDITS
STATE PARK INFORMATION          SCIENCE TECH.-SOCIETY
SOLAR WATER HEATING/SUNMAP      TAX INFORMATION SERVICE
TEEN FORUM-KITV4                ENRGY PRJCT SITE GUIDE
UH CARL SYSTEM                  INSTITUTE FOR PEACE
PEACE EVENTS CALENDAR           U.S. DEPT OF ENRGY INFO
YO! KIDS                        YO! FYI RAPS
 
 Hawaii State Public Library System
 Hawaii Newspaper Index
 
This database is a subject index to articles on Hawaii and the Pacific
region published in the Honolulu Advertiser and Honolulu Star Bulletin
newspapers. Copies of the articles are available on microfilm in most of
the larger public libraries.  Please ask your librarian for assistance.
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Hawaii FYI has expanded its fee-based services to provide entertainment
and Internet connectivity as an option to subscribers in 1993. Besides
funds taken in from other information providers the state provides about
$500,000 annually to the  not-for-profit corporation, making this the
community system with the most financial support of any operating in
North America.
 
Each year Hawaii INC sponsors a conference in Honolulu, comprised of
speakers from the islands as well as visitors from the mainland. The
diverse nature of the information providers and attendees makes it a
model for other states that are thinking about building a state
infrastructure. At the March, 1993 conference there were speakers from
schools, satellite companies, the Maui supercomputer center, University
of Hawaii, private firms offering services on Hawaii FYI, and Hawaiians
interested in using the network for cultural preservation and language
instruction.
 
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This essay is available for anonymous ftp from ftp.apple.com in the
alug/communet directory in ascii, Word, and PostScript. The ascii
version contains no illustrations of graphic interfaces to
community networks.These files may be put on educational and
non-profit BBSes, gophers, and ftp sites. All other online services
and publishers must contact the author.
Steve Cisler                     [log in to unmask]
Apple Library
4 Infinite Loop MS 304-2A
Cupertino, California 95014
408 974 3258
fax 408 825 7502
 
You can get the full article by ftp.apple.com
 
 
       --  Aloha
            Art  --
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