Thought you might find this interesting. This is an excerpt from a newspaper article covering a rate request hearing of a Californian telephone company, where a piece of news I had missed in the ads for MS Explorer came out. AEHadley, MLS, AHIP US Naval Hospital, Guam ************************* 09/27 ISDN Rate Hearings Thrown For A Loop; Microsoft Offers Fast, Cheap Alternative San Francisco Examiner By Louis Trager Copyright 1996 Just when state regulators thought the final arguments over raising ISDN Internet access rates had sounded, a technological bombshell exploded. During a debate described as a "culture clash between Bellheads and Netheads," the Public Utilities Commission learned Thursday that Microsoft Corp's newest operating system allows users to replicate the high-speed of ISDN lines at a fraction of the cost. According to arguments heard by the PUC, users of Windows NT 4.0, can link four ordinary phone lines to four modems on their computer to duplicate the ISDN connection speed. Such users would pay Pacific Bell about $60 a month for 24-hour-a-day World Wide Web, e-mail, fax and corporate network connections at 128 kilobits per second. By comparison, if Pac Bell's bid for a rate increase were approved, ISDN access would cost about $900 a month. Now, the Windows NT gambit threatens to jam the phone network and gobble up scarce phone numbers. .... David Frankel, president of Jetstream Communications, a home-office equipment company in San Jose, tried to reassure commissioners. He said few consumers would pay for four modems, and whatever premium charges Internet service providers imposed, in order to use the Windows NT for virtual ISDN access. .... Speed a necessity ISDN lines transfer data four to five times faster than traditional modems. The speed isn't just a matter of convenience; without it, multimedia and other data-fat uses simply aren't practical. And though other fast network connections are coming - notably ADSL & cable hookups - they aren't going to be as widespread and economical as ISDN for years. ..... They must own relatively sophisticated PCs, costing at least $1,500, and ISDN modems, costing a few hundred dollars more. ********* AEH: ? $1,500 hardly seems like a "sophisticated PC" - maybe they mean one that can run Win95.