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Believe this is first Vermont community to re-direct walk/bike
infrastructure centered on "Dutch infra."--Tony


*THE BURLINGTON, VT WALK/BIKEDECLARATION  --  MAY 2014*



*For the first time in a landmark document the Burlington Walk Bike Council
in what I term the “Burlington Declaration” sets roundabouts and a cycle
track network as part and parcel of a generating a safe walkable and
bikable context for the City.  While no roundabouts or cycle track
(protected/separated bike lanes) exist on a busy City thoroughfare today,
these treatments remain indispensible to a safe walk/bike urban street
network usable by all residents.  This Declaration, an “advisory” document,
calls for a demonstration roundabout and demonstration cycle track
(protected/separated bike lanes) in short order.  *



*Equally important, the Declaration calls for re-design of the $40 million
Champlain Parkway because the current design lacks as the Declaration
states “reasonable accommodations for bicycles and pedestrians” and calls
for including roundabouts and separate protected bike treatments in a
re-design.*



*Finally, the Declaration points to the current North Avenue Corridor Study
stating “our expectation that the final recommendations will include
substantive improvements to accommodate bicycle and pedestrian concerns,
such as protected bike lanes [cycle track] roundabouts...and other bike-ped
improvements.”*

*               Tony Redington     Burlington, VT*





*                                THE DECLARATION*



*Burlington Walk-Bike Council*

* Go For Gold Priorities*





The Burlington Walk-Bike Council strongly believes that Burlington has
great potential for increasing walking and biking both for transportation
and recreation.  Our goal is to make Burlington a world-class walking and
biking city.  Being certified as a Gold Bike-Friendly Community and as a
Gold Walk-Friendly Community is one way to measure success towards the
goal, although it is not itself the goal.



The following document includes some of the Walk-Bike Council’s recommended
priorities for increasing walking and biking in our community.  It includes
a brief discussion of the key elements required for success and the overall
goals, a prioritized list of major projects to achieve those goals, and a
list of major projects that are already in progress.  The list of projects
is divided into three categories - short-term engineering and
infrastructure projects, medium-term engineering and infrastructure
projects, and non-engineering projects - and Top Priorities are identified
in each category.



*Elements of Success*

While it is important to identify particular projects and priorities, it is
important also to identify the key elements essential to any effort to
promote walking and biking, These are Safety, Accessibility, and Motivation.



*Safety *

The primary prerequisite for increasing walking and biking in the City of
Burlington (or anywhere) is safety, both real and perceived.  While some
people will bike in traffic and will brave even crowded roads, many more
people are daunted by current road conditions in many places.  Some of the
most important corridors and routes in Burlington do not feel safe to ride
on for most people  Safety is also a major concern for people who would
like to walk, especially when crossing traffic and especially for those
whose mobility is limited.  Another aspect of safety for bikers is having a
secure place to store their bikes and gear, protected from theft,
vandalism, and weather.



The primary route to improved safety for both walking and biking is through
improvements to infrastructure, including sidewalks and crossings,
protected bikeways, roundabouts, and secure bike parking.  In addition,
enforcement and education can play a significant role in improving safety.



*Accessibility*

Another critical element of success for any effort to increase biking and
walking is convenient access to biking and walking facilities and to
desired destinations.  One of the draws for walking and biking, compared to
driving (and public transit), is the ability to go straight where you want
to go.  Having to go out of one’s way, in contrast, is a significant
deterrent for many people.



Infrastructure improvements must therefore take this into account by
ensuring that safe routes for walking and biking are placed where people
want to go, and get people efficiently from place to place without
significant detours.  This means ensuring that they are continuous (without
gaps where bicycle or pedestrian facilities disappear or are reduced), and
it may also include adding cut-throughs where travel is currently blocked.
 Bicycle storage also needs to be prominently and centrally located.
 Sidewalks and street crossings should be frequent, accessible to those
with reduced mobility, and conveniently located, and pedestrians should be
able to cross with a minimum of waiting time.  Finally, routes should be
clearly marked both on the street and on readily accessible maps.



*Motivation*

Another barrier to more widespread walking and biking is the dominant car
culture, in which people are accustomed to driving to get where they want
to go.  To increase walking and biking it is thus important to motivate
people to change their behavior through a variety of encouragement
activities.  These may include special events and programs, Safe Routes to
Schools or other promotional campaigns, incentives for commuters, discounts
at local businesses, public art and design, historical markers, and many
other ideas.

*Goals*

The overall goal for this effort is to make Burlington a truly
walk-friendly and bike-friendly community and to increase the actual number
of people walking and biking.  This means substantially improving
conditions for walking and biking in the city.  Based on the primary
elements of success (Safety, Accessibility, and Motivation), the required
conditions for meeting this overall goal include the following:

   - A well-maintained continuous city-wide network of sidewalks and
   pedestrian paths, with frequent, safe, and convenient crossings.
   - A well-maintained continuous city-wide network of protected bike
   routes, particularly on major arteries and in the downtown area, with safe
   intersection design.
   - Abundant and accessible bike parking throughout the city, with an
   emphasis on secure and weather-protected bike parking facilities at major
   destinations.
   - Policies, education, and infrastructure that encourage safe driving
   behavior, including appropriate speeds and respect for pedestrians and
   bicyclists.
   - A variety of events, policies, and programs that encourage walking and
   biking.

*Top Priorities*

While Burlington has already made significant progress in achieving the
goals identified above, there are still many gaps and needs for improvement
to the existing conditions.  The Burlington Walk-Bike Council has therefore
identified a number of Top Priority strategies, projects and actions for
achieving the overall goal of a walk-friendly and bike-friendly community,
divided into three categories by type and time-frame.

Strategies for promoting walking and biking are often divided into 5
categories, known as the 5 E’s: *Engineering & Infrastructure*, *Encouragement,
Education, Enforcement*, and *Evaluation & Planning*.  Because of the
importance of Engineering & Infrastructure in meeting the goals of the Go
For Gold project, we identified two separate lists of Top Priorities in
that category, in both the short term (1-2 years) and medium term (3-5
years).  We have also identified our Top Priorities among the many other
types of non-engineering projects, including Encouragement, Education,
Enforcement, and Evaluation and Planning.

*Improvements in Engineering and Infrastructure - short term (1-2 years)*

   - *Demonstration Projects*: Perform at least one long-term demonstration
   project each of cycle track and roundabouts to show and test how they work,
   and to build support for their inclusion in more comprehensive upgrades.
   - *Secure Bike Parking*:
      - Install Secure, weather-protected Bicycle Parking (lockers) at the
      new Transit Center, at the Airport, and at other transit hubs, and
      - Modify zoning codes to require secure bike parking for residential
      and commercial developments.
   - *Sidewalk Repair*: Increase the sidewalk repair budget and capacity to
   erase the current backlog of sidewalks requiring repair

*Improvements in Engineering and Infrastructure - medium term (3-5 years)*

   - *Attended Bike Parking*: Establish an indoor, secure, Attended Bike
   Parking facility located close to Church St. and the transit station, with
   capacity for 150 bicycles, lockers, and shower.
   - *Crosswalk Spacing*: Create a standardized precedent for the maximum
   distance between two crosswalks. Add crosswalks as needed once the standard
   has been set, including bumpouts, RRFB flashing signs, or HAWK signs as
   appropriate.
   - *Main St. Improvements*: Complete Corridor Study for Main St., and
   follow up by making recommended improvements, incorporating ideas from Plan
   BTV, protected bike lanes, roundabouts, sidewalk upgrades, safe crossings,
   traffic calming, and other bike-ped improvements.

*I**mprovements in non-Engineering Categories *

(Education, Encouragement, Enforcement, and Evaluation and Planning)

   - *DPW Bike-Ped Staffing*: Increase staffing levels for
   Bicycle-Pedestrian Planning at the Burlington Department of Public Works to
   provide additional capacity for planning and management of improvements to
   infrastructure for bicycles and pedestrians
   - *Bicycle-Pedestrian Plan*: Develop a comprehensive Bicycle-Pedestrian
   Plan, either stand-alone or as a part of the overall city transportation
   plan
   - *Transportation Demand Management (TDM*): Encourage more employers to
   create walk/bike-to-work incentives if they do not have them already.

__________________________

*Priorities Already In Progress*



The following high priority projects have been left off of the main BWBC
Priority list because it is our understanding and expectation that these
are already underway.  *It is critical to ensure that all of these projects
are completed as expected in order to meet our goals for improved
walkability and bikability in Burlington.  *



*Bike/Ped Accommodations on the Champlain Parkway*

The existing plans for the Champlain Parkway do not currently include
reasonable accommodations for bicycles and pedestrians.  However, it is the
BWBC’s understanding and expectation that the plans will be revised in
short order to incorporate improvements for bicycles and pedestrians.
Examples of key elements include roundabouts at some intersections,
signalized crosswalks, and a separate bikeway end-to-end, either as
sidepath and/or cycle track.  Updating the plans must take place
immediately if the Champlain Parkway is moving forward.  If the Champlain
Parkway is NOT built, then the city should establish a plan for making
these bike-ped improvements on the Pine St. corridor.



*Corridor Studies and Improvements*

   - *North Ave.*: A Corridor Study for North Avenue is currently underway.
    It is our expectation that the final recommendations will include
   substantive improvements to accommodate bicycle and pedestrian concerns,
   such as protected bike lanes, roundabouts, sidewalk upgrades, safe
   crossings, traffic calming, and other bike-ped improvements.   It is
   further our expectation that the Study will be followed up by
   implementation of these recommended improvements.
   - *Colchester Ave.*: It is our understanding that CCRPC has recently
   granted funding for implementation of the recommendations from the
   Colchester Ave. corridor study regarding the intersection of Colchester
   Ave., Riverside Dr., and Barrett St.
   - *Winooski Ave.*: It is our understanding that the City is initiating a
   Corridor Study for North and South Winooski Ave.  It is our expectation
   that the final recommendations will include substantive improvements to
   accommodate bicycle and pedestrian concerns, such as protected bike lanes,
   roundabouts, sidewalk upgrades, safe crossings, traffic calming, and other
   bike-ped improvements as appropriate.  It is further our expectation that
   the Study will be followed up by implementation of these recommended
   improvements.  The section of S. Winooski between Pearl St. and Main St. is
   especially critical to address.



*Safe Routes to Schools Plans*

   - *North Ave.*: It is our understanding that the City is currently
   working on implementing the improvements recommended in the 2008 Safe
   Routes to School plan on North Ave.
   - *Champlain School*: It is our understanding that the City is currently
   working on making improvements to street crossings on Locust St. and
   Birchcliff Parkway as recommended in Champlain School Safe Routes to School
   plan.





*Other Projects*

   - *Bike Path Repair*: A central portion of the Waterfront Bike Path is
   currently funded for repair and upgrade, starting this fall.
   - *Bike Lockers*: It is our understanding that well marked and easily
   accessible bike storage lockers with electronic keys are currently planned
   for installation on Cherry St. near the parking garage for Burlington Town
   Center mall.
   - *Wayfinding Plan*: It is our understanding that the City is currently
   working on implementation of the existing Wayfinding plan for Burlington.
   - *Open Streets*: We have recently established a plan for an Open
   Streets event in September 2014 - an event at which a main street is closed
   to through traffic and only accessible to pedestrians or bikers.  It is our
   expectation and hope that the success of this event will lead to
   establishment of at least two annual Open Streets events.



*Other Priorities*



The Burlington Walk-Bike Council also identified a number of other projects
that did not make it onto our Top Priority list.  While they are not as
critical as the projects identified above, these are also important for
increasing walking and biking in Burlington and should be pursued in
parallel.

*Other short term priorities for improvements in Engineering and
Infrastructure*

   - *Crosswalks*: Improve visibility of crosswalks throughout the city,
   including
      - ensure that the paint remains visible throughout the year
      - add  bumpouts to slow traffic and reduce the crossing distance
      - add RRFB flashing lights at crosswalks on high volume and high
      speed streets throughout the city.
   - *Crossing Signals*: Change policy to:
      - have a leading phase on pedestrian crossing signals downtown
      - have automatic crossing instead of push button generated crossing
      light
   - *Bike Racks*: Ensure that there are accessible, convenient bike racks
   throughout the city, including at all public buildings and in all city
   parks, as well as major public destinations.
   - *Traffic Calming*: Add traffic calming and other features to key
   locations throughout city to encourage driving at or below speed limit
   - *Waterfront Bike Path*: Perform repair and upgrade for portions of
   waterfront bike path that are not currently budgeted/planned
   - *Maintain Bikeways*: Ensure that all on-street bike lanes and markings
   are maintained in a safe and visible condition:
      - ensure that the paint remains visible throughout the year
      - ensure that bike lanes, side paths, and sides of major roads
      without bike lanes, are maintained to ensure safe bicycle passage,
      including being free of debris, potholes, and sunken storm grates

*Other medium term priorities for improvements in Engineering and
Infrastructure*

   - *Rest of Bike Path*: Evaluate and perform repairs and upgrades for the
   bike path in Ethan Allen Park, intervale, and other locations not covered
   by existing repair plan for waterfront
   - *Roundabouts*: Install roundabouts at key intersections throughout the
   city
   - *Mall Pass-Through*: Open up path through Mall from Cherry St. to Bank
   St. at Pine St. (or nearby) for pedestrians and bikes, as envisioned in
   Plan BTV
   - *Shelburne St. and St. Paul St. Improvements*: Complete Corridor Study
   for Shelburne St. and St. Paul St., and follow up by making recommended
   improvements, incorporating protected bike lanes, roundabouts, sidewalk
   upgrades, safe crossings, traffic calming, and other bike-ped improvements.
   - *Willard and Union St. Improvements*: Complete Corridor Studies for
   North and South Willard St., and North and South Union St., and follow up
   by making recommended improvements, incorporating protected bike lanes,
   roundabouts, sidewalk upgrades, safe crossings, traffic calming, and other
   bike-ped improvements.
   - *Additional Improvements*: Complete Corridor Studies for additional
   major corridors in the city, including North St., Manhattan Dr., Battery
   St., Prospect St., and Flynn  Ave. These studies should be followed up by
   making recommended improvements, incorporating protected bike lanes,
   roundabouts, sidewalk upgrades, safe crossings, traffic calming, and other
   bike-ped improvements.
   - *Secure Bike Parking in Parks*: Ensure that all major park facilities
   have secure bike parking that is accessible to the main activity of that
   park
   - *Champlain School Safe Routes*: Plan and implement additional
   recommendations from the Champlain School Safe Routes to School plan



*Other high priorities in non-Engineering Categories*

   - *Driver education*: Ensure that regular driver education classes
   incorporate pedestrian and bike safety issues, and provide targeted
   education to professional drivers (including truck drivers, city employees,
   bus drivers) on sharing the roads with bikers and pedestrian safety.
   - *Car Traffic Enforcement*: Improve enforcement of car traffic laws -
   focused on speed, giving room for bikes, yielding to pedestrians
   - *Accident Reduction Plan*: The city should develop and carry out a
   specific plan for reduction of pedestrian/car and bicycle/car accidents and
   fatalities, AKA Vision Zero
   - *Expert Consultants*: City departments (DPW, Parks, CEDO, Planning and
   Zoning) should establish a policy ensuring that all development and
   planning projects include expert biking and walking facility consultants,
   and in particular that roadway projects include consultants that are
   familiar with roundabouts.
   - *Safe Routes To Schools*: Ensure that all Burlington schools take part
   in Safe Routes To Schools programs and promote walking and biking to
   school, and ensure that  Safe Routes to Schools evaluations are undertaken
   for all schools
   - *Walk the City*: Develop a “Walk the City” map/brochure (like "Cycle
   the City”) with routes laid out for safe, reasonable walks downtown and
   elsewhere in the city, with places of interest highlighted.
   - *Bike Repair Station*: Establish more bike repair stations within the
   community like the one at Local Motion; Healthy living is willing to donate
   them, but the City must install them.
   - *Evaluate Bikability and Walkability*: Perform regular evaluations of
   walking and biking in the Greater Burlington area.  This would include
   surveys of the perceived safety and convenience of biking and walking in
   different areas, as well as assessments of walking and biking behavior.
    This information can be used both to gauge success of efforts to increase
   walking and biking, as well as to target areas for improvement.
   - *Bike Route Signage*: Purchase and install bike route signs in
   remaining parts of the city
   - *Mountain Biking Park*: Create a sanctioned mountain biking park
   within Burlington
   - *Formalize BWBC*: Formalize the Burlington Walk-Bike Council as a part
   of city government, with review function similar to other advisory boards



*Lower priorities in non-Engineering Categories*

   - *Bike Maintenance Day*: Establish an annual Bike Maintenance Day event
   , with equipment, classes on bike maintenance, assistance with making sure
   a bike is in safe operating condition, etc.. This could be a stand-alone
   event or partner with existing event, in conjunction with bike parking.
   Single event or on-going (like the farmer's market)
   - *Improve Streetscape*: Add public art, landscaping, and other
   amenities throughout the city to improve the pedestrian and cyclist
   experience, encourage walking, and engage people in their environment
   - *Parcourse*: Add one or more parcourses (fitness trails) in city parks
   - *Bikes Cross With Pedestrians*: Change city ordinances to allow
   bicycles to cross with pedestrian signals
   - *Bike-Sharing Program*: Develop a public bike-sharing program similar
   to those in Montreal, Boston, and New York City, or (more size-appropriate)
   Aspen, CO, and Spartanburg, SC.
   - *Bicycle Friendly Businesses*: Promote and assist businesses in
   applying for and achieving Bicycle Friendly Business status
   - *Bike Traffic Enforcement*: Improve enforcement of bike traffic safety
   laws, focused on stopping at intersections
   - *Walking Event*: Create an annual event with a walking focus, perhaps
   similar to the “Winooski on Foot” event.
   - *Safety Education Campaign*: Create a broad-based safety education
   campaign aimed at, to encourage safe road behavior by both drivers and
   bikers, and to promote mutual respect and understanding



Tony Redington
Blog:  TonyRVT.blogspot.com
*OUR “INTERSECTION SAFETY BELT” FOR ALL—THE ONE-LANE ROUNDABOUT **& Compact
Slow and Safe Multi-Laners!*

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